Métis in Canada

MétisMetisMétis peopleMétis people (Canada)Canadian MétisFrench MétisMétis CanadianMétis NationMétis people of CanadaCanada
The Métis in Canada are specific cultural communities who trace their descent to First Nations and European settlers, primarily the French, in the early decades of colonisation.wikipedia
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European Canadians

EuropeanWhiteEuropean Canadian
The Métis in Canada are specific cultural communities who trace their descent to First Nations and European settlers, primarily the French, in the early decades of colonisation.

Cuthbert Grant

more famous son
The first red flag was given to Cuthbert Grant in 1815 by the North-West Company.
Cuthbert Grant (1793 – July 15, 1854) was a prominent Métis leader of the early 19th century.

Non-status Indian

Non-Status IndiansNon-Statusnon-status First Nations
The CAP, which has nine regional affiliates, represents all Aboriginal people who are not part of the reserve system, including Métis and non-Status Indians.
The 2013 Federal Court case Daniels v. Canada established that non-status Indians (and Métis) have the same aboriginal rights as status Indians, in that they are encompassed in the 1867 Constitution Act's language about "Indians".

Fur brigade

canoe brigadescanoe brigadefur trade brigades
But, the Plains Métis tended to identify by occupational categories: buffalo hunters, pemmican and fur traders, and "tripmen" in the York boat fur brigades among the men; the moccasin sewers and cooks were among the women.
The boat brigades were mostly crewed by Métis as were almost all the men employed by the Hudson's Bay Company in western Canada at the time.


Acadiel'AcadieHistory of Acadia
The first records of "Métis" were made by 1600 on the East Coast of Canada (Acadia), where French exploration and settlement started.
The two communities intermarried, which resulted in a significant portion of the population being Métis.


dried meatPemican
Others were working as free traders, or buffalo hunters supplying pemmican to the fur trade.
Métis would go southwest onto the prairie in Red River carts, slaughter bison, convert it into pemmican, and carry it north to trade at the North West Company posts.

Métis Nation-Saskatchewan

Métis Nation—SaskatchewanMétis Nation - SaskatchewanMétis Association of Saskatchewan
The Métis Nation-Saskatchewan is an organization that represents the approximately 80,000 Métis people in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians

Federal Interlocutor for Metis and Non-Status IndiansOffice of the Federal Interlocutor
The position of Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians was created in 1985 as a portfolio in the Canadian Cabinet.
As the Department of Indigenous and Northern Affairs is officially responsible only for Status Indians and largely with those living on Indian reserves, the position was originally created in order to provide a liaison between the federal government and Métis and non-status Aboriginal peoples, urban Aboriginal people and their representatives.

Bell of Batoche

bell from the Batoche churchMission of St. Antoine de Padoue
The Bell of Batoche is a 20-pound silver-plated church bell believed to have been seized in 1885 as spoils of war from the Métis community of Batoche (now in Saskatchewan) by soldiers from Ontario, following their victory in the Battle of Batoche over the North-West Rebellion.

Louis Riel (comics)

Louis RielLouis Riel: A Comic-Strip Biographycomic-strip biography
The story deals with Métis rebel leader Louis Riel's antagonistic relationship with the newly established Canadian government.

Battle of Fish Creek

Fish CreekBattle of Tourond's Coulee / Fish CreekBattle of Tourond's Coulee/Fish Creek
The Battle of Fish Creek (also known as the Battle of Tourond's Coulée ), fought April 24, 1885 at Fish Creek, Saskatchewan, was a major Métis victory over the Canadian forces attempting to quell Louis Riel's North-West Rebellion.

Battle of Duck Lake

Duck Lakeresulting fight
The Battle of Duck Lake (26 March 1885) was an infantry skirmish 2.5 km outside Duck Lake, Saskatchewan, between North-West Mounted Police forces of the Government of Canada, and the Métis militia of Louis Riel's newly established Provisional Government of Saskatchewan.

Looting of Battleford

BattleforddamagedSiege of Battleford
Within days of the Métis victory at the Battle of Duck Lake on March 26, 1885.

North Slave Métis Alliance

The North Slave Métis Alliance is a non-profit society that represents the indigenous rights-bearing Métis people of the Northwest Territories, who primarily exercise their indigenous rights north and east of Great Slave Lake.

Gabriel Dumont Institute

Dumont Technical InstituteGabriel Dumont CollegeGabriel Dumont Institute Archives
The Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies and Applied Research Inc. (GDI) was formally incorporated as a non-profit corporation in 1980, to serve the educational and cultural needs of the Saskatchewan Métis and Non-Status Indian community.

English Canadians

EnglishAnglophoneEnglish Canadian
They wanted to protect their traditional ways of life against an aggressive and distant Anglo-Canadian government and its local colonizing agents.
From colonial times the arrival and settlement of the first pioneers, the fur trade empire established by the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company - although the fur company histories are more relevant to French Canadians, Métis and Scottish Canadians.

Battle of Cut Knife

Cut KnifeBattle of Cut Knife Hillbattle of Cut Knife Creek
In the spring of 1885, the Métis living in the District of Saskatchewan formed a provisional government under Louis Riel, taking control of the area around Batoche.

Battle of Fort Pitt

Fort Pittcapture Fort Pittcaptured Fort Pitt
The Battle of Fort Pitt (in Saskatchewan) was part of a Cree uprising coinciding with the Métis revolt that started the North-West Rebellion in 1885.

Saskatchewan River

SaskatchewanNorth Saskatchewan RiverSaskatchewan R.
The largest community in the Assiniboine-Red River district had a different lifestyle and culture from those Métis located in the Saskatchewan, Alberta, Athabasca, and Peace river valleys to the west.
In the mid-19th century Metis settlements became important along stretches of the rivers (notably at the Southbranch Settlement, Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, and St. Albert, Alberta).

Battle of Seven Oaks

Battle of Seven Oaks (1816)its conflictSeven Oaks
The red flag was also used at the Battle of Seven Oaks, "La Grenouillère" in 1816.
The Métis people fought for the North West Company, and they called it "the Victory of Frog Plain" (la Victoire de la Grenouillère).


Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers.

National Committee of the Métis

Métis National Committee
The National Committee of the Métis was brought together and made a committee on October 16, 1869.

French Canadians

French CanadianFrench-CanadianFrench
As French Canadians followed the fur trade to the west, they made more unions with different First Nations women, including the Cree.
Besides the Québécois, distinct French speaking ethnic groups in Canada include the Acadians of the Maritime Provinces, the Brayons of New Brunswick, and the Métis of the Prairie Provinces, among other smaller groups.

Canadian Gaelic

GaelicScottish GaelicCanadian communities with Scottish Gaelic speakers
The Gaelic and Scots spoken by Orcadians and other Scots became part of the creole language referred to as "Bungee".
The settlement soon attracted local First Nations groups, resulting in an unprecedented interaction of Scottish (Lowland, Highland, and Orcadian), English, Cree, French, Ojibwe, Saulteaux, and Métis traditions all in close contact.

Canadian French

FrenchFrench-languageFrench (Canada)
The Métis today predominantly speak Canadian English, with Canadian French a strong second language, as well as numerous Aboriginal tongues.
Métis French is spoken in Manitoba and Western Canada by the Métis, descendants of First Nations mothers and voyageur fathers during the fur trade.