Maakhir

independenceMaakhir State of Somalia
Maakhir (Goboleedka Maakhir, ماخر ), officially the Maakhir State of Somalia (Maamul Goboleedka Maakhir; ولاية ماخر الصومال ) was a short-lived quasi-state in northern Somalia.wikipedia
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Somaliland

RegionRepublic of SomalilandDistrict
Maakhir State proclaimed autonomy at a 1 July 2007 ceremony in Badhan in response to overlapping claims of Somaliland and Puntland over the western Sanaag and western Bari, both of which have led to several gun battles over control of the territory between Somaliland and Puntland.
It is currently in control of the western half of the former British Somaliland, with northeastern Maakhir having declared itself a separate, unrecognised autonomous state within Somalia in July 2007, and the disputed southeastern Sool state had been under the control of neighbouring Puntland.

Abdullahi Ahmed Jama

Abdullahi Ahmed Jama ‘Ilkajir’
Maakhir was brought back into the Puntland fold by General Abdullahi Ahmed Jama ("Ilkajir"), who contested the Puntland election.
In August 2008, Ilkajir returned to his native Maakhir—a now defunct autonomous region in northern Somalia that territorially overlaps with the Sanaag region—with the promise of running in and winning the upcoming Puntland macro-region's presidential election, and to improve the role of Maakhir's inhabitants within Puntland's administration.

Badhan, Sanaag

Badhan
Maakhir State proclaimed autonomy at a 1 July 2007 ceremony in Badhan in response to overlapping claims of Somaliland and Puntland over the western Sanaag and western Bari, both of which have led to several gun battles over control of the territory between Somaliland and Puntland. The biggest cities in the area claimed by Maakhir Authority were Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Hadaftimo, Buraan, Elaayo, Galgala, Hingalol, Yubbe and Erigavo.
In July 2007, the district became the capital city of the autonomous Maakhir(Maakhir has rejoined Puntland since January 2009) region of Somalia.

Sanaag

Maakhir CoastSanaag RegionDaratoleh
Maakhir State proclaimed autonomy at a 1 July 2007 ceremony in Badhan in response to overlapping claims of Somaliland and Puntland over the western Sanaag and western Bari, both of which have led to several gun battles over control of the territory between Somaliland and Puntland.
On July 1, 2007, the state of Maakhir, also known as Badhan District, was declared in the area.

Hadaftimo

Hadaaftimo
Hadaftimo was briefly a part of the Maakhir administration in the late 2000s.

Armale

CarmaaleCarmale
In July 2007, the district became part of the Maakhir province of Somalia, which was later incorporated into the autonomous Puntland region in January 2009.

Buraan

BaranBuran
The biggest cities in the area claimed by Maakhir Authority were Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Hadaftimo, Buraan, Elaayo, Galgala, Hingalol, Yubbe and Erigavo.
Buraan, also known as Hiil Buran, Baran and Borrān, is a town in the eastern Sanaag region of Maakhir.

Las Khorey

LaasqorayLas QoreyLasqoray
The biggest cities in the area claimed by Maakhir Authority were Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Hadaftimo, Buraan, Elaayo, Galgala, Hingalol, Yubbe and Erigavo. Maakhir's other stated aim was to provide much-needed public services by opening up a treasury office in Badhan, to ensure governance structures for the safety and maintenance of Laasqoray Port, and the protection of private local enterprises whose operational management and ownership fall under the guidance of the private sector of Maakhir state.
In July 2007, Las Khorey became part of the briefly-extant Maakhir autonomous region of Somalia.

Dhahar

The biggest cities in the area claimed by Maakhir Authority were Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Hadaftimo, Buraan, Elaayo, Galgala, Hingalol, Yubbe and Erigavo.
Dhahar was briefly a part of the Maakhir administration in the late 2000s which mainly covered Badhan District area's, until it was officially incorporated into the Puntland authority in 2009.

Puntland–Somaliland dispute

Somaliland-Puntland disputePuntlandPuntland-Somaliland Conflict
*Somaliland-Puntland dispute
On July 1, 2007, the state of Maakhir was declared in Sanaag.

Proto-state

de facto'' stateproto-statesQuasi-state
Maakhir (Goboleedka Maakhir, ماخر ), officially the Maakhir State of Somalia (Maamul Goboleedka Maakhir; ولاية ماخر الصومال ) was a short-lived quasi-state in northern Somalia.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Maakhir (Goboleedka Maakhir, ماخر ), officially the Maakhir State of Somalia (Maamul Goboleedka Maakhir; ولاية ماخر الصومال ) was a short-lived quasi-state in northern Somalia.

Warsangali

Warsangeli
Maakhir was a self-proclaimed state that represented the political will of the Warsangali Darod within federal Somalia.

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
Maakhir was a self-proclaimed state that represented the political will of the Warsangali Darod within federal Somalia.

Sultan

SultanateSultansSulṭān
The Warsangali were one of the principal actors in the creation of the Puntland State as a successor to the Harti Sultanates after the collapse of the central government in Somalia in 1991.

Majeerteen

MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
However, since the proclamation of an autonomous Puntland in 1998, some Warsangali felt that they were sidelined while the Majeerteen clan assumed a hegemonic role in the state.

Bari, Somalia

BariBari regionBari Dynasties
Maakhir State proclaimed autonomy at a 1 July 2007 ceremony in Badhan in response to overlapping claims of Somaliland and Puntland over the western Sanaag and western Bari, both of which have led to several gun battles over control of the territory between Somaliland and Puntland.

Mohamud Muse Hersi

Adde MuseAdde MusaMohamud "Adde" Muse Hersi
This contributed to the desire of the local Warsangali to administer their own affairs, and to resolve disputes with Mohamud Muse Hersi, the former President of Puntland.

Civil society

civil society organizationscivil societiesglobal civil society
Maakhir built institutions such as civil society, law enforcement, xeer (customary law), and Shariah-based district courts.

Xeer

customaryLaw of Somaliatraditional clan law
Maakhir built institutions such as civil society, law enforcement, xeer (customary law), and Shariah-based district courts.

Sharia

Islamic lawSharia lawShariah
Maakhir built institutions such as civil society, law enforcement, xeer (customary law), and Shariah-based district courts.

United Nations Development Programme

UNDPUnited Nations Development ProgramUN Development Programme
It also established a local military and naval establishment that protects the region's marine and land resources and which provides safety and access to the flow and supply of humanitarian aid, the normal operation of international and local NGOs, as well as the implementation of programs of the United Nations Development Programme.

Ali Mohammed Ghedi

Ali Mohamed GhediAli Mohamed GediAli Muhammad Ghedi
Despite rumored talks with Ali Mohammed Ghedi, the former Prime Minister of Somalia, the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia declined to comment on the status of Maakhir and regarded Puntland as the official authority of the region.

Warsangali Sultanate

WarsangaliSultanate of Mohamoud Ali ShireWarsangeli Sultanate
Maakhir State of Somalia was the descendant of the Sultanate of Mohamoud Ali Shire (Warsangali Sultanate) which is the oldest sultanate in Somalia with a rich history and heritage.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
The Sultanate of Mohamoud Ali Shire was considered by colonial authorities as having largely hegemonic authority over the other Harti sultanates, and the Warsangali played a large role in 19th century administration of Italian and British Somaliland.