A report on RobotRobotics and Machine

ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005
The Shadow robot hand system
A Honda F1 racecar engine.
Articulated welding robots used in a factory are a type of industrial robot
Mechanical construction
James Albert Bonsack's cigarette rolling machine, invented in 1880 and patented in 1881
The quadrupedal military robot Cheetah, an evolution of BigDog (pictured), was clocked as the world's fastest legged robot in 2012, beating the record set by an MIT bipedal robot in 1989.
Electrical aspect
Flint hand axe found in Winchester.
KITT (a fictional robot) is mentally anthropomorphic.
A level of programming
An ore crushing machine powered by a water wheel
iCub is physically anthropomorphic.
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
Table of simple mechanisms, from Chambers' Cyclopædia, 1728. Simple machines provide a "vocabulary" for understanding more complex machines.
Al-Jazari – A Musical Toy
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
Illustration of a four-bar linkage from The Kinematics of Machinery, 1876
Su Song's astronomical clock tower showing the mechanical figurines which chimed the hours.
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
The Boulton & Watt Steam Engine, 1784
Model of Leonardo's robot with inner workings. Possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around 1495.
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
Diesel engine, friction clutch and gear transmission of an automobile.
The Brennan torpedo, one of the earliest 'guided missiles'
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
Early Ganz Electric Generator in Zwevegem, West Flanders, Belgium
W. H. Richards with "George", 1932
Lefty, first checker playing robot
The Antikythera mechanism (main fragment)
U.S. Patent 2,988,237, issued in 1961 to Devol.
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
Schematic of the actuator and four-bar linkage that position an aircraft landing gear.
A scene from Karel Čapek's 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), showing three robots
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
A ribosome is a biological machine that utilizes protein dynamics
A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
A water-powered mine hoist used for raising ore. This woodblock is from De re metallica by Georg Bauer (Latinized name Georgius Agricola, ca. 1555), an early mining textbook that contains numerous drawings and descriptions of mining equipment.
A pick and place robot in a factory
Capuchin, a climbing robot
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo International Robot Exhibition (IREX) 2009
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
An android, or robot designed to resemble a human, can appear comforting to some people and disturbing to others
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
A general-purpose robot acts as a guide during the day and a security guard at night.
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
An intelligent AGV drops-off goods without needing lines or beacons in the workspace.
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
A U.S. Marine Corps technician prepares to use a telerobot to detonate a buried improvised explosive device near Camp Fallujah, Iraq.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
The Roomba domestic vacuum cleaner robot does a single, menial job
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
The Care-Providing Robot FRIEND
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
Toy robots on display at the Museo del Objeto del Objeto in Mexico City.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Italian movie The Mechanical Man (1921), the first film to have shown a battle between robots.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer—capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically.

- Robot

Robotics involves design, construction, operation, and use of robots.

- Robotics

The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics.

- Robot

Examples include: a wide range of vehicles, such as trains, automobiles, boats and airplanes; appliances in the home and office, including computers, building air handling and water handling systems; as well as farm machinery, machine tools and factory automation systems and robots.

- Machine

2) Robots have electrical components that power and control the machinery. For example, the robot with caterpillar tracks would need some kind of power to move the tracker treads. That power comes in the form of electricity, which will have to travel through a wire and originate from a battery, a basic electrical circuit. Even petrol powered machines that get their power mainly from petrol still require an electric current to start the combustion process which is why most petrol powered machines like cars, have batteries. The electrical aspect of robots is used for movement (through motors), sensing (where electrical signals are used to measure things like heat, sound, position, and energy status) and operation (robots need some level of electrical energy supplied to their motors and sensors in order to activate and perform basic operations)

- Robotics

Electric servomotors are the actuators for mechanical systems ranging from robotic systems to modern aircraft.

- Machine
ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005

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