Macrosociology

macromacro-sociologicalmacro-levelmacro-sociologymacrosociologicalhistorical macrosociologymacro-focusedmacro-level analysis of societymacro-level orientationmacrosocial processes
Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction.wikipedia
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Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction.
Subject matter ranges from the micro-sociology level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.

Social structure

social structuresstructuresocial system
Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction.
On the macro scale, social structure is the system of socioeconomic stratification (most notably the class structure), social institutions, or other patterned relations between large social groups.

Microsociology

micromicro-sociologymicro-level
Microsociology, by contrast, focuses on the individual social agency.
Macrosociology, by contrast, concerns the social structure and broader systems.

Structural functionalism

functionalismfunctionalistsocial function
This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole, and believes that society has evolved like organisms.

Conflict theories

conflict theoryconflictconflict theorist
It is therefore a macro-level analysis of society.

Structuration theory

structurationtheory of structurationadaptive structuration
Perhaps the most highly developed integrative effort to link microsociological and macrosociological phenomena is found in Anthony Giddens's theory of structuration, in which "social structure is defined as both constraining and enabling of human activity as well as both internal and external to the actor."
Further, in structuration theory, neither micro- nor macro-focused analysis alone is sufficient.

Cliodynamics

historythe ''Mathematics of History
Cliodynamics is a transdisciplinary area of research integrating cultural evolution, economic history/cliometrics, macrosociology, the mathematical modeling of historical processes during the longue durée, and the construction and analysis of historical databases.

Anthony Giddens

GiddensGiddens, AnthonyLord Giddens
Perhaps the most highly developed integrative effort to link microsociological and macrosociological phenomena is found in Anthony Giddens's theory of structuration, in which "social structure is defined as both constraining and enabling of human activity as well as both internal and external to the actor."
He has written commentaries on most leading schools and figures and has used most sociological paradigms in both micro and macrosociology.

Peter Turchin

Turchin, P.TurchinTurchin P.
He is one of the founders of cliodynamics, the scientific discipline at the intersection of historical macrosociology, cliometrics, and mathematical modeling of social processes.

Structure and agency

social ontologyagencyagency and structure
While the structure–agency debate has been a central issue in social theory, and recent theoretical reconciliation attempts have been made, structure–agency theory has tended to develop more in European countries by European theorists, while social theorists from the United States have tended to focus instead on the issue of integration between macrosociological and microsociological perspectives.

Social system

social systemssocialsocietal system
Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction.

Population

populationspopulacepopulated
Macrosociology is an approach to sociology which emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction.

Agency (sociology)

agencysocial actoragents
Microsociology, by contrast, focuses on the individual social agency.

City

citiesUrbanCivil (City)
Macrosociology can also be the analysis of large collectivities (e.g. the city, the church).

Christian Church

ChurchChristian churcheschurches
Macrosociology can also be the analysis of large collectivities (e.g. the city, the church).

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
For example, this definition would apply to the population of Germany being deemed a society, but German-speaking people as a whole scattered about different countries would not be considered a society.

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
For example, this definition would apply to the population of Germany being deemed a society, but German-speaking people as a whole scattered about different countries would not be considered a society.

War

warfarearmed conflictconflict
To differentiate, macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation, whereas microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Third World

third-worldthird world countriesdeveloping world
To differentiate, macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation, whereas microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Poverty

poorlow-incomeindigent
To differentiate, macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation, whereas microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Woman

womenwomanhoodfemale
To differentiate, macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation, whereas microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Family

familiesgrandsonfamilial
To differentiate, macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation, whereas microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Immigration

immigrantimmigrantsimmigrated
To differentiate, macrosociology deals with issues such as war, distress of Third World nations, poverty, and environmental deprivation, whereas microsociology analyses issues such as the role of women, the nature of the family, and immigration.

Globalization

globalisationglobalizedglobal
As globalization has affected the world, it has also affected historical macrosociology, leading to the development of two different branches.