Madagascar

Malagasy🇲🇬MadagascanMalagasy politicianRepublic of MadagascarMGFirst RepublicMalagasy Republic Republic of Madagascarattained independence
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara ; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 250 miles off the coast of East Africa.wikipedia
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Geography of Madagascar

MadagascarMalagasycentral highlands
The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands.
Madagascar is a large island in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of southern Africa, east of Mozambique.

Wildlife of Madagascar

its many unique animalsits wildlifeMalagasy wildlife
Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth.
The composition of Madagascar's wildlife reflects the fact that the island has been isolated for about 88 million years.

Austronesian peoples

AustronesianAustronesiansAustronesian cultures
Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo.
Austronesians include the Taiwanese aborigines, the majority of ethnic groups in the Philippines, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Polynesia, Micronesia and Madagascar.

Demographics of Madagascar

ethnic groupethnic group of MadagascarMalagasy ethnic group
The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Madagascar, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Antananarivo

TananariveTananarive, MadagascarTannanarive
Since 1992, the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. These central highlands, traditionally the homeland of the Merina people and the location of their historic capital at Antananarivo, are the most densely populated part of the island and are characterized by terraced, rice-growing valleys lying between grassy hills and patches of the subhumid forests that formerly covered the highland region.
Antananarivo (French: Tananarive, ), also known by its colonial shorthand form Tana, is the capital and largest city of Madagascar.

East Africa

Easteastern AfricaEastern
Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara ; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 250 miles off the coast of East Africa.
Mozambique and Madagascar – often considered part of Southern Africa, on the eastern side of the sub-continent. Madagascar has close cultural ties to Southeast Asia and the islands of the Indian Ocean.

Andry Rajoelina

Andry Nirina RajoelinaRajoelina
However, in a popular uprising in 2009, president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina.
Andry Nirina Rajoelina (Malagasy: ; born 30 May 1974) is a Malagasy businessman, politician, and the current president of Madagascar.

2013 Malagasy general election

2013 general election2013 presidential election2013
Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014, when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election deemed fair and transparent by the international community.
Presidential and parliamentary elections were held in Madagascar on 20 December 2013, following a first round of presidential elections on 25 October.

Hery Rajaonarimampianina

RajaonarimampianinaHery Martial Rajaonarimampianina RakotoarimananaPresident Hery Rajaonarimampianina
Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014, when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election deemed fair and transparent by the international community.
Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoarimanana (born November 6, 1958) is a Malagasy politician who was President of Madagascar from January 2014 to September 2018, resigning to run for re-election.

Malagasy language

MalagasyBetsimisarakamlg
Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state.
Malagasy is an Austronesian language and the national language of Madagascar.

Malagasy people

MalagasyMadagascarsMalagasay
The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.
The Malagasy (Malgache) are an Austronesian and Southeast African ethnic group native to the island and country of Madagascar.

Marc Ravalomanana

Ravalomanana
However, in a popular uprising in 2009, president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina.
Marc Ravalomanana, GCSK (born 12 December 1949) is a Malagasy politician who was the President of Madagascar from 2002 to 2009.

Outrigger canoe

Outrigger canoeingoutriggeroutrigger ship
Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo.
They were used to transport these peoples both eastward to Polynesia and New Zealand and westward across the Indian Ocean as far as Madagascar during the Austronesian migration period.

Malagasy mythology

Traditional beliefsMadagascarMalagasy deity
The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, or an amalgamation of both.
Malagasy mythology is rooted in oral history and has been transmitted by storytelling (angano, "story"), notably the Andriambahoaka epic, including the Ibonia cycle.

Gondwana

southern continentsGondwanalandgondwanic
Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation.
The Azania continent (much of central Madagascar, the Horn of Africa and parts of Yemen and Arabia) was an island in the Mozambique Ocean.

Réunion

🇷🇪Île BourbonReunion
Neighboring islands include the French territory of Réunion and the country of Mauritius to the east, as well as the state of Comoros and the French territory of Mayotte to the north west.
Réunion (La Réunion, ; previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of France and an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and 175 km southwest of Mauritius.

Mozambique Channel

Channel
These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. To the west of the highlands, the increasingly arid terrain gradually slopes down to the Mozambique Channel and mangrove swamps along the coast.
The Mozambique Channel (Canal du Mozambique, Lakandranon'i Mozambika, Canal de Moçambique) is an arm of the Indian Ocean located between the Southeast African countries of Madagascar and Mozambique.

Mozambique

🇲🇿MozambicanMOZ
The nearest mainland state is Mozambique, located to the west.
The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros, Mayotte and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east.

Comoros

🇰🇲ComorianUnion of the Comoros
Neighboring islands include the French territory of Réunion and the country of Mauritius to the east, as well as the state of Comoros and the French territory of Mayotte to the north west.
The Comoros, officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, Union des Comores, الاتحاد القمري '), is an island country in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique, the French region of Mayotte, and northwestern Madagascar.

Madagascar lowland forests

lowland forestseastern rainforestslowland forest
Along the length of the eastern coast runs a narrow and steep escarpment containing much of the island's remaining tropical lowland forest.
The Madagascar lowland forests or Madagascar humid forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion found on the eastern coast of the island of Madagascar, home to a plant and animal mix that is 80 to 90% endemic, with the forests of the eastern plain being a particularly important location of this endemism.

Southern African Development Community

SADCSADC PFSADC States
Madagascar is a member of the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.
Its original members were Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe, with Malawi and Seychelles joining later.

Madagascar dry deciduous forests

dry deciduous forestsdry deciduous forestDry forest
The western and southern sides, which lie in the rain shadow of the central highlands, are home to dry deciduous forests, spiny forests, and deserts and xeric shrublands.
The Madagascar dry deciduous forests represent a tropical dry forest ecoregion situated in the western and northern part of Madagascar.

Mayotte

🇾🇹MahoranYT
Neighboring islands include the French territory of Réunion and the country of Mauritius to the east, as well as the state of Comoros and the French territory of Mayotte to the north west.
The archipelago is located in the northern Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Southeast Africa, between northwestern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique.

Madagascar subhumid forests

subhumid forestsSubhumid forestforested highlands
These central highlands, traditionally the homeland of the Merina people and the location of their historic capital at Antananarivo, are the most densely populated part of the island and are characterized by terraced, rice-growing valleys lying between grassy hills and patches of the subhumid forests that formerly covered the highland region.
The Madagascar subhumid forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion that covers most of the Central Highlands of the island of Madagascar.

Madagascar mangroves

mangrove forestmangrove swampsMangroves
To the west of the highlands, the increasingly arid terrain gradually slopes down to the Mozambique Channel and mangrove swamps along the coast.
Madagascar mangroves are a coastal ecoregion in the mangrove forest biome found on the west coast of Madagascar.