Madeira

Madeira IslandsAutonomous Region of MadeiraMadeira IslandMadieraMadeira ArchipelagoMadeira, PortugalMadeira Islands ArchipelagoMadeiranMadeira Autonomous RegionAutonomous District of Funchal
Madeira (, also, ), officially the Autonomous Region of Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal (the other being the Azores).wikipedia
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Azores

Azores IslandsAzoreanthe Azores
Madeira (, also, ), officially the Autonomous Region of Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal (the other being the Azores).
The Azores (, also ; Açores ), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal (along with Madeira).

Portugal

PortuguesePortuguese RepublicPOR
It is an archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal.
Its territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments.

Funchal

Funchal, MadeiraFunchal, Portugalhistory
The capital of Madeira is Funchal, which is located on the main island's south coast.
Funchal is the largest city, the municipal seat and the capital of Portugal's Autonomous Region of Madeira, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean.

Savage Islands

Selvagens IslandsSalvage IslandsSelvagens
It includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands.
The Savage Islands or Selvagens Islands (Ilhas Selvagens ) are a small Portuguese archipelago in the North Atlantic, 280 km south of Madeira, and 165 km north of the Canary Islands.

Madeira wine

MadeiraMadeira sauceEast India Madeira
The region is noted for its Madeira wine, gastronomy, historical and cultural value, flora and fauna, landscapes (laurel forest) that are classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and embroidery artisans.
Madeira is a fortified wine made on the Portuguese Madeira Islands, off the coast of Africa.

Porto Santo Island

Porto Santoisland of Porto SantoPortossantense
It includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands. In 1418, two captains under service to Prince Henry the Navigator, João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira, were driven off course by a storm to an island they named Porto Santo (English: holy harbour) in gratitude for divine deliverance from a shipwreck.
Porto Santo Island is a Portuguese island 43 km northeast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean; it is the northernmost and easternmost island of the archipelago of Madeira, located in the Atlantic Ocean west of Europe and Africa.

Autonomous Regions of Portugal

autonomous regionautonomous regionsRegional Parliaments
Madeira (, also, ), officially the Autonomous Region of Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal (the other being the Azores).
The two Autonomous Regions of Portugal (Regiões Autónomas de Portugal) are the Azores (Região Autónoma dos Açores) and Madeira (Região Autónoma da Madeira).

Canary Islands

Canary IslandCanariesCanarian
The archipelago is just under 400 km north of Canary Islands.
The islands form the Macaronesia ecoregion with the Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira, and the Savage Isles.

Madeira Island

Madeiraisland of Madeira Madeira
It includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands.
Madeira is a Portuguese island, and is the largest and most populous of the Madeira Archipelago.

Desertas Islands

DesertasIlhas DesertasDeserted Islands
It includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands.
They are within the Portuguese Autonomous Region of Madeira, and part of the larger Madeira Archipelago.

International Business Centre of Madeira

Free Trade Zone of MadeiraInternational Business Centre
In addition, the International Business Centre of Madeira, also known as the Madeira Free Trade Zone, was created formally in the 1980s as a tool of regional economic policy.
The International Business Center of Madeira (IBCM or MIBC), formally known as the Madeira Free Trade Zone, is a set of tax benefits authorised by Decree-Law 500/80 in 1980, legislated in 1986, and amended throughout the years by the Portuguese government to favor the Autonomous Region of Madeira.

João Gonçalves Zarco

Gonçalves ZarcoZarco, João Gonçalves
In 1418, two captains under service to Prince Henry the Navigator, João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira, were driven off course by a storm to an island they named Porto Santo (English: holy harbour) in gratitude for divine deliverance from a shipwreck.
undefined 1390 – 21 November 1471) was a Portuguese explorer who established settlements and recognition of the Madeira Islands, and was appointed first captain of Funchal by Henry the Navigator.

Machico, Madeira

Machicomunicipality of MachicoMachico, Ilha da Madeira
Later this legend was the basis of the naming of the city of Machico on the island, in memory of the young lovers.
Machico is a municipality, parish and city in the southeast part of the island of Madeira, in the Autonomous Region of Madeira.

Fortunate Isles

Fortunate IslandsIsles of the BlessedIsle of the Blessed
72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz, he met sailors who spoke of idyllic Atlantic islands: "The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs (2,011.68 km) from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blest."
Later on the islands were said to lie in the Western Ocean near the encircling River Oceanus; Madeira, the Canary Islands, the Azores, Cape Verde, Bermuda, and the Lesser Antilles have sometimes been cited as possible matches.

Robert Machin

Robert Machim
During the reign of King Edward III of England, lovers Robert Machim and Anna d'Arfet were said to have fled from England to France in 1346.
Robert Machin or Machim (fl. 14th century) was an English adventurer of uncertain historicity, who supposedly discovered the island of Madeira.

Colonial Brazil

Brazilcolony of BrazilPortuguese colony of Brazil
After the 17th century, as Portuguese sugar production was shifted to Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe and elsewhere, Madeira's most important commodity product became its wine.
On the Atlantic islands of the Azores, Madeira, and Sāo Tomé, the Portuguese began plantation production of sugarcane using forced labor, a precedent for Brazil's sugar production in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Bermuda

BermudianBermudasBermuda Islands
Bermuda and Madeira, a few time zones apart, are the only land in the Atlantic on the 32nd parallel north.
Bermuda has a diverse population including both those with relatively deep roots in Bermuda extending back for centuries, and newer communities whose ancestry results from recent immigration, especially from Britain, North America, the West Indies, and the Portuguese Atlantic islands (especially the Azores and Madeira), although these groups are steadily merging.

Monte (Funchal)

MonteNossa Senhora do MonteNossa Senhora do Monte (Portugal)
He died there on 1 April 1922 and his coffin lies in a chapel of the church in Monte.
Monte (mountain) is a civil parish in the municipality and a suburb of Funchal in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira.

Deserta Grande Island

Deserta Grande
The Deserta Grande Island is the main island of the Desertas Islands archipelago, a small chain of three islands in the Portuguese Madeira Islands Archipelago of Macaronesia.

85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers)

85th Regiment of Foot85th Foot85th regiment
A detachment of the 85th Regiment of Foot under Lieutenant-colonel James Willoughby Gordon garrisoned the island.
The 1st Battalion was deployed to Madeira in 1801 and both battalions went to Jamaica in 1802; the two battalions were amalgamated there later in the year.

SS Kanguroo

SS ''Kanguroo
Requisitioned in 1914 by the French Navy, she was torpedoed by a German submarine in late 1916 and sunk at Funchal, Madeira.

Tristão Vaz Teixeira

Teixeira, Tristão VazTristão Vaz
In 1418, two captains under service to Prince Henry the Navigator, João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira, were driven off course by a storm to an island they named Porto Santo (English: holy harbour) in gratitude for divine deliverance from a shipwreck.
1395–1480) was a Portuguese navigator and explorer who, together with João Gonçalves Zarco and Bartolomeu Perestrelo, was the official discoverer and one of the first settlers of the archipelago of Madeira (1419–1420).

James Willoughby Gordon

Sir James GordonSir James Willoughby Gordon, 1st BaronetSir James Willoughby Gordon
A detachment of the 85th Regiment of Foot under Lieutenant-colonel James Willoughby Gordon garrisoned the island.
He was appointed Assistant Adjutant General in Ireland in 1795 and in 1801 under Colonel William Henry Clinton commanded the 85th Regiment of Foot in Madeira following its capture.

Laurel forest

laurisilvalaurissilvalaurel forests
The region is noted for its Madeira wine, gastronomy, historical and cultural value, flora and fauna, landscapes (laurel forest) that are classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and embroidery artisans.
Laurel forests are found in the islands of Macaronesia in the eastern Atlantic, in particular the Azores, Madeira Islands, and Canary Islands from 400 to 1200 metres elevation.

2010 Madeira floods and mudslides

2010 flooding disaster2010 Madeira flood42 dead
Since 2011, some improvements have been made to these pathways, after the 2010 Madeira floods and mudslides on the Island, to clean and reconstruct some critical parts of the island, including the levadas.
The 2010 Madeira floods and mudslides were the result of an extreme weather event that affected Madeira Island in Portugal's autonomous Madeira archipelago on 20 February 2010.