A report on Madrid

A section of the Muslim Walls of Madrid. For a list of all the walls, see: Walls of Madrid.
View of Madrid from the west, facing the Puerta de la Vega. Drawing by Anton van den Wyngaerde, 1562
Baths in the Manzanares in the place of Molino Quemado (detail), by Félix Castello (c. 1634–1637)
View of Calle de Alcalá in 1750 by Antonio Joli
The Second of May 1808 by Francisco de Goya
1861 map of the Ensanche de Madrid
People seeking refuge in the metro during the unsuccessful Francoist bombings (1936–1937) over Madrid during the Spanish Civil War
Woman in Moratalaz by 1974
2011 Anti-austerity protests in the Puerta del Sol
Madrid as seen by the Sentinel-2 satellite in October 2020
Viaje de Amaniel
Municipal police agents from the 2018 promotion
Plaza Mayor, built in the 16th century
Royal Palace of Madrid built in the 18th century.
The Círculo de Bellas Artes
The Edificio España.
Retiro Park
The Temple of Debod, an ancient Egyptian temple dismantled and rebuilt in the Parque del Oeste.
Casa de Campo park
The Campo del Moro gardens near the Royal Palace
The Manzanares flowing through the Monte de El Pardo.
Mount of El Pardo and Soto de Viñuelas inside the city of Madrid
Parque de El Capricho completed in 1815
The Madrid Stock Exchange
Cuatro Torres Business Area
New housing in the Ensanche de Vallecas
Mercamadrid facilities in South-Eastern Madrid
Fitur fair in Ifema
Building works of Caleido in August 2018
Madrid de los Austrias. It is the part of Madrid with the most buildings of the Habsburg-period.
Set of La 1's newscast services, Telediario.
The Prado Museum
Las Meninas, by Diego de Velázquez, 1656 (Prado Museum)
The Lady of Elche, an iconic item exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum
Facsimile of the Madrid Codex exhibited at the Museum of the Americas
Chalcography for an edition of Francisco de Quevedo's El Parnaso Español (1648)
Portrait of Benito Pérez Galdós, by Joaquín Sorolla, 1894
Interior of the National Library of Spain
Nightlife in the Centro District
The Teatro Real
Festivities of San Isidro Labrador in the pradera, 2007.
High heels race in WorldPride Madrid 2017
People in costumes during the proclamation (pregón) of the 2013 Carnival
The Las Ventas bullring
The Madrid Derby at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final at the Palacio de Deportes
2009 Madrid Open Women's Final at the Caja Mágica
The rectorate of the Complutense University of Madrid
School of Mines, Technical University of Madrid
Students of the IE Business School
The M-607 meets the M-30 north of the municipality.
The network of high capacity roads in Spain features its most important node in Madrid.
M-30 tunnel parallel to the Manzanares
AVE rolling stock at the Madrid Atocha station
Interior of the terminal 4 (T4) of the Madrid–Barajas Airport.

Capital and most populous city of Spain.

- Madrid

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Spain

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Country in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea.

Country in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea.

The Lady of Elche, possibly depicting Tanit, from Carthaginian Iberia, 4th century BCE
Celtic castro in Galicia
The Roman Theatre in Mérida
Reccared I and bishops during Council III of Toledo, 589. Codex Vigilanus, fol. 145, Biblioteca del Escorial
Votive crown of Reccesuinth from the Treasure of Guarrazar
The interior of the Great Mosque of Córdoba
In 1030, the Kingdom of Navarre controlled the Count of Aragon and the Count of Castile, who later became major kingdoms of its time.
Miniature from the 13th-century Libro de los Juegos depicting a Jew (left) and a Moor (right) playing chess.
Late 16th-century Seville, the harbor enjoying the exclusive right to trade with the New World.
Lienzo de Tlaxcala codex showing the 1519 meeting of conquistador Hernán Cortés and his counsellor La Malinche with Aztec emperor Moctezuma II in Tenochtitlan.
Main Trade Routes of the Spanish Empire
The family of Philip V. During the Enlightenment in Spain a new royal family reigned, the House of Bourbon.
Ferdinand VII swears on the 1812 Constitution before the Cortes in 1820
Puerta del Sol, Madrid, after the Spanish Revolution of 1868
Demonstration in Barcelona during the Tragic Week events
Republican volunteers at Teruel, 1936
Felipe González signing the treaty of accession to the European Economic Community on 12 June 1985
The 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona
Demonstration against the crisis and high youth unemployment in Madrid, 15 May 2011
Topographic map of Spain
Satellite image of Mallorca island
Teide, still active volcano in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands is the greatest peak in Spain
The coast north of the Cantabrian Mountains features an humid oceanic climate
The southeasternmost end of the Iberian peninsula features an arid climate.
The Iberian wolf in Castile and Leon. The region has 25% of the land covered by Natura 2000 protected natural spaces.
The Congress of Deputies
Palau Reial de Pedralbes in Barcelona, headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean.
Aerial view showing the Rock of Gibraltar, the isthmus of Gibraltar and the Bay of Gibraltar.
Almirante Juan de Borbón (F-102), a Spanish navy's F100 class frigate incorporating the Aegis Combat System.
WorldPride Madrid 2017. A summit on LGBTI human rights took place at the same time as World Pride celebrations.
Spain is a member of the Schengen Area, the Eurozone and the European Single Market.
A proportional representation of Spain exports, 2019
Renault factory in Valladolid
Olive orchards in Andalusia.
Benidorm, one of Europe's largest coastal tourist destinations
Solar power plant Andasol was the first parabolic trough power plant in Europe. Because of the high altitude (1,100 m) and the semi-arid climate, the site has exceptionally high annual direct insolation of 2,200 kWh/m2 per year.
The Port of Valencia, one of the busiest in the Golden Banana
GranTeCan reflecting telescope located at Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias
Population pyramid of Spain from 1950 to 2014
Geographical distribution of the Spanish population in 2008
Celebration of the Romani Day on 24 May 2018 in Madrid
Distribution of the foreign population in Spain in 2005 by percentage
Languages of Spain
University of Seville rectorate building
The interior of the Hermitage of El Rocío during a Catholic ceremony.
Manuscript of the 13th-century Grande e general estoria.
Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez
The Comb of the Wind of Eduardo Chillida in San Sebastián
Pedro Almodóvar and Penélope Cruz in Oviedo
Hanging Houses of Cuenca
Flamenco is an Andalusian artistic form that evolved from Seguidilla.
Spain or La Roja lineup in 2015. Football is the most popular and profitable sport in the country.
Encierro, San Fermín, in Pamplona
Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez

Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Community of Madrid

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One of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain.

One of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain.

Relief map of the Community of Madrid
Peñalara: The Guadarrama mountain range's highest peak
The Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) in La Pedriza
A fire salamander in the laguna de los Pájaros
An Algerian sand racer in Manzanares el Real
The summer drought is characteristic of the Madrid region's climate. Montejo Beech (part of the transnational Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe world heritage site) is a relict forest featuring a particular case of microclimate, allowing for Eurosiberian species that do not grow in the region in normal conditions.
Olive tree orchards in Arganda del Rey
Prehistoric vessel from Ciempozuelos, exhibited at the National Archaeological Museum of Spain in Madrid
A mosaic of the House of Dionysus in Complutum
City walls of Buitrago del Lozoya
Castle of Manzanares el Real
Panoramic view of Madrid, a 16th-century work by Anton van den Wyngaerde
Philip II supervises the works on El Escorial (by Luca Giordano)
Manufacturing of big clay pots in Colmenar de Oreja (by Ulpiano Checa)
Construction of the bridge-aqueduct of the chasm, part of the Canal de Isabel II in 1854 (by Charles Clifford)
Female workers in a phone-line factory managed by Ericsson in Getafe (1924)
Ruins of the headquarters of the provincial deputation in 1939
Sunset in Las Tablas in 2015
Hemicycle of the Assembly of Madrid, the autonomous legislature
A meeting of the Council of Government presided by Ángel Garrido
Municipal Map of the Community of Madrid.
Distrito Telefónica, the main headquarters of Telefónica, one of the multinational corporations located in the region
Airbus A330-A340 horizontal stabilizer near the Getafe Airbus factory
Madrid Trade Fair
Coslada Dry Port
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Secondary school in Torrejón de Ardoz
Faculty of Medicine of the Complutense University of Madrid, in the Ciudad Universitaria campus
The Severo Ochoa Centre for Molecular Biology, in the campus of the Autonomous University of Madrid
The Magerit supercomputer, located in the Supercomputing and Visualization Center of Madrid, part of the Technical University of Madrid and located in Pozuelo de Alarcón
Barajas Airport
Commuter rail station in Parla
AVE trains in Atocha
Madrid's metro map
Flag of the Community of Madrid waving at the outdoors of a building
Cheese from Campo Real
Catholic procession of the Virgen de Gracia at the plaza de la Cebada, Madrid (c. 1741)
Hare Krishna guru Giriraja Swami singing at the 1998 Ratha Yatra festival in Madrid
Jehovah's Witnesses literature in Madrid
Official feasts of the 2 de Mayo
Practice of padel tennis in Madrid

Its capital and largest municipality is Madrid, which is also the capital of the country.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map

Köppen climate classification

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One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

One of the most widely used climate classification systems.

An updated Köppen–Geiger climate map
Tropical climate distribution
Dry climate distribution
Temperate climate distribution
Continental climate distribution
The snowy city of Sapporo
Polar climate distribution
North America
Europe
Russia
Central Asia
East Asia
South America
Africa
Western Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Melanesia/Oceania
Australia
New Zealand
Tropical climate distribution

Madrid, Spain (Csa, bordering on BSk)

Clockwise from top-left: members of the XI International Brigade at the Battle of Belchite; Granollers after being bombed by Nationalists aviation in 1938; Bombing of an airfield in Spanish Morocco; Republican soldiers at the siege of the Alcázar; Nationalist soldiers operating an anti-aircraft gun; The Lincoln Battalion

Spanish Civil War

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Civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939 between the Republicans and the Nationalists.

Civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939 between the Republicans and the Nationalists.

Clockwise from top-left: members of the XI International Brigade at the Battle of Belchite; Granollers after being bombed by Nationalists aviation in 1938; Bombing of an airfield in Spanish Morocco; Republican soldiers at the siege of the Alcázar; Nationalist soldiers operating an anti-aircraft gun; The Lincoln Battalion
On 12 April 1931, the Republicans won the elections and the Spanish Second Republic was proclaimed two days later. King Alfonso XIII went into exile.
General Emilio Mola was the chief planner of the coup.
Murder of prominent parliamentary conservative José Calvo Sotelo was a major catalyst for the coup.
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Republican and Nationalist conscription age limits
Republican forces during the battle of Irún in 1936
Manuel Azaña was the intellectual leader of the Second Republic and headman of the Republican side during most of the Civil War.
Republican volunteers at Teruel, 1936
Militias of the Falange in Saragossa, October 1936
Italian troops manning a 10 cm howitzer at Guadalajara, 1937
German officer from the Condor Legion instructing Nationalist infantry soldiers, Ávila
Condor Legion Junkers Ju 87
The Etkar André battalion of the International Brigades
Polish volunteers in the International Brigades
Review of Soviet armored fighting vehicles used to equip the Republican People's Army during the Spanish Civil War
Loire 46 of the Spanish Republican Air Force.
Map showing Spain in September 1936:
Surrender of Republican soldiers in the Somosierra area, 1936
Leonese anarchist Buenaventura Durruti died after he arrived in Madrid to reinforce the morale of the Republicans during an unsuccessful Francoist siege in Madrid. His funeral, headed (in the image) by Lluís Companys, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia, and Joan García i Oliver, Minister of Justice of the Spanish Republic, was in Barcelona.
Map showing Spain in October 1937:
Ruins of Guernica
Map showing Spain in July 1938:
Map showing Spain in February 1939:
Franco arriving in San Sebastian in 1939
Franco declares the end of the war, though small pockets of Republicans fought on.
Children preparing for evacuation, some giving the Republican salute. The Republicans showed a raised fist whereas the Nationalists gave the Roman salute.
one-peseta Nationalist note, 1937
one-peseta Republican note, 1937
Women pleading with Nationalists for the lives of prisoners, Constantina, 1936
Twenty-six republicans were assassinated by Franco's Nationalists at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, between August and September 1936. This mass grave is located at the small town of Estépar, in Burgos Province. The excavation occurred in July–August 2014.
Victims of the Paracuellos massacre committed by the Republicans. The Republicans committed many acts of torture, murder, and war crimes throughout the war known as the Red Terror (Spain).
Spanish Civil War grave sites. Location of known burial places. Colors refer to the type of intervention that has been carried out. Green: No Interventions Undertaken so far. White: Missing grave. Yellow: Transferred to the Valle de los Caídos. Red: Fully or Partially Exhumed. Blue star: Valle de los Caídos. Source: Ministry of Justice of Spain
Nationalist SM.81 aircraft bomb Madrid in late November 1936.
Children take refuge during the Francoist bombing over Madrid (1936–1937). In spite of that Republicans managed to repulse this siege.
Bombing in Barcelona, 1938
The Puente Nuevo bridge, Ronda. Both Nationalists and Republicans are claimed to have thrown prisoners from the bridge to their deaths in the canyon.
"Execution" of the Sacred Heart of Jesus by Communist militiamen. The photograph in the London Daily Mail had the caption "Spanish Reds' war on religion".
Two women and a man posing at the Siege of the Alcázar in Toledo, 1936
Women from FAI during the Spanish Social Revolution.
In Catalonia, a square near the Barcelona waterfront named Plaça de George Orwell.
Tribute and plaque in memory of murdered or persecuted teachers, Navarre, 1936 and later
Spanish children in exile in Mexico

However, rebelling units in almost all important cities—such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Bilbao, and Málaga—did not gain control, and those cities remained under the control of the government.

Exterior of the Prado Museum

Museo del Prado

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Exterior of the Prado Museum
Exterior of the Prado Museum
In the main exhibition hall, first floor
Museo del Prado (front façade)
A main promenade entrance is dominated by this 1899 bronze statue of Diego Velázquez, by Aniceto Marinas
The cafeteria in the underground extension by Rafael Moneo
The Goya Gate in the north façade of the museum.
Hieronymus Bosch, The Garden of Earthly Delights, between 1480 and 1505.
Diego Velázquez, Las Meninas, between 1656 and 1657.
Diego Velázquez, The Triumph of Bacchus, 1628–29
Fra Angelico, Annunciation, 1430–32
Raphael, Christ Falling on the Way to Calvary, 1517
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The Triumph of Death, c. 1562
Peter Paul Rubens, The Adoration of the Magi, 1609/1628-1629
Peter Paul Rubens, The Three Graces, c.1635
Rogier van der Weyden, The Descent from the Cross, c. 1435
Andrea Mantegna, Death of the Virgin, c. 1461
Antonello da Messina, The Dead Christ Supported by an Angel, c. 1475
Albrecht Dürer Adam and Eve, 1507
Raphael, Portrait of a Cardinal, c. 1510–11
Tintoretto, Christ Washing the Disciples' Feet, c. 1518
Correggio, Noli me tangere, c. 1525
Titian, Bacchanal of the Andrians, c. 1523–1526
Titian, Equestrian Portrait of Charles V, c. 1548
Titian, The Fall of Man, c. 1570
El Greco, The Holy Trinity, 1577–1579
El Greco, The Knight with His Hand on His Breast, c. 1580
Paolo Veronese, Venus and Adonis, c. 1580
Caravaggio, David and Goliath, 1600
Georges de La Tour, Ciego tocando la zanfonía, 1610–1630
Guido Reni, Hipómenes y Atalanta, 1618–19
Joos de Momper, Landscape with Sea and Mountains, c. 1623
Gaspar de Crayer, Caritas Romana, ca. 1625
Nicolas Poussin, Parnassus, c. 1630–31
Rembrandt, Artemisia, c. 1634
Anthony van Dyck, Self-portrait with Endymion Porter, c. 1635
Diego Velázquez, The Surrender of Breda, 1634–35
Diego Velázquez, Mars Resting, 1639–1641
José de Ribera, Jacob's Dream, 1639
Peter Paul Rubens, The Judgement of Paris, 1638–39
Claude Lorrain El embarque de santa Paula, 1639–40
Francisco de Zurbarán, Agnus Dei, 1635–1640
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, La Inmaculada de Soult, 1678
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, The Immaculate Conception, 1767
Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808, 1814
Francisco Goya, The Dog, 1819–1823
Francisco Goya, Saturn Devouring His Son, 1819–1823
Paul Baudry, The Pearl and the Wave, 1862
Antonio Gisbert Pérez, Execution of Torrijos and his Companions on the Beach at Málaga, 1882

The Prado Museum (Museo del Prado ), officially known as Museo Nacional del Prado, is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid.

Barcelona

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City on the coast of northeastern Spain.

City on the coast of northeastern Spain.

Barkeno in Levantine Iberian script
A marble plaque in the Museu d'Història de la Ciutat de Barcelona, dated from around 110–130 AD and dedicated to the Roman colony of Barcino
The Mare de Déu de la Mercè statue on the Basílica de la Mercè
Barcelona in 1563
The fortress at Montjuïc, the most southerly point from which measurements were made when calculating the meridional definition of the metre
Barcelona was the capital of the Republic of Spain from November 1937 until January 1939, Spanish Civil War. In that time, both Barcelona and Madrid were still under the rule of the republic. In the image Azaña and Negrín on the city outskirts.
Supporters of Catalan independence in October 2019
Barcelona as seen by the European Space Agency's Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission
Demographic evolution, 1900–2007, according to the Spanish Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Aerial view of the centre and the Eixample, with the Serra de Collserola at the background.
Temple Expiatori del Sagrat Cor.
Part of the beach promenade and the beach of La Barceloneta towards Port Olimpic
Beaches of Barcelona, Spain
The Brandery fashion show of 2011
Palau de la Generalitat de Catalunya
The City Hall of Barcelona
The Saló de Cent, in the City Hall of Barcelona
Districts of Barcelona
Main hall of the University of Barcelona
Roger de Llúria building at Campus de la Ciutadella, Pompeu Fabra University
The Liceu opera house
Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc (Barcelona Olympic Stadium) built for the 1936 Summer Olympics named People's Olympiad, main stadium of 1992 Summer Olympics
The Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe
Palau Sant Jordi (St. George's sporting arena) and Montjuïc Communications Tower
Circuit de Catalunya/Circuit de Barcelona, race track of Formula 1 and MotoGP on the suburb of Barcelona
Barcelona–El Prat Airport as seen from the air
The Port of Barcelona
Port Vell in winter
The main railway station Estació de Sants
Barcelona Metro
Barcelona Tram
Two typical Barcelona taxis
B-20 motorway in Barcelona
Sagrada Família church, designed by Gaudí
Plaça Reial
Barcelona Cathedral (original) - Cathedral at night
Barcelona Cathedral
The National Museum of Art of Catalonia stands out for its collection of Romanesque painting, considered one of the most complete in Europe.
Parc de la Ciutadella north of La Barceloneta
Beaches of Barcelona
Santa Maria del Mar church
Santa Maria del Pi church
The Roman and Medieval walls
Can Framis Museum
Fabra Observatory
The Arc de Triomf
Castell dels Tres Dragons
Hotel Arts (left) and Torre Mapfre (right)
Torre Agbar
The Torre de Collserola on Tibidabo
Sagrat Cor on Tibidabo
The view from Gaudí's Park Güell
Port Vell Aerial Tramway
Statue of Christopher Columbus
W Barcelona (Hotel Vela)
Colón building
Magic Fountain of Montjuïc
The Venetian Towers in Plaça d'Espanya
Plaça de Catalunya
thumb|Barcelona's beach promenade in La Barceloneta and Somorrostro Beach
La Rambla
Gothic Quarter
Barcelona's old Customs building at Port Vell
La Illa de la Discòrdia
Rovira - City Landscape

With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the fifth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, the Ruhr area, Madrid, and Milan.

Paseo del Prado

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Paseo del Prado, Madrid
Paseo del Prado with Palacio de los Alcañices
Museo del Prado

The Paseo del Prado is one of the main boulevards in Madrid, Spain.

Portrait of Prince John of Braganza by Jean-Baptiste Debret (1817).

Peninsular War

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The military conflict fought in the Iberian Peninsula by Spain, Portugal, and the United Kingdom against the invading and occupying forces of the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.

The military conflict fought in the Iberian Peninsula by Spain, Portugal, and the United Kingdom against the invading and occupying forces of the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars.

Portrait of Prince John of Braganza by Jean-Baptiste Debret (1817).
Napoleon Bonaparte by Andrea Appiani (1805).
Vicent López Portaña: Prince Fernando VII of Spain.
Francisco Goya: King Charles IV of Spain.
The Portuguese royal family escaping to Brazil
Portrait of Manuel Godoy (1792).
François Kinson: Joseph I of Spain (1811)
Second of May 1808: the defenders of Monteleón make their last stand
Goya: The Second of May 1808
Goya: The Third of May 1808 French soldiers execute civilians
Joaquín Sorolla: Valencians prepare to resist the invaders (1884)
The Spanish Army's triumph at Bailén was the French Empire's first land defeat. Painting by José Casado del Alisal
Portuguese and British troops fighting the French at Vimeiro
La bataille de Somosierra by Louis-François, Baron Lejeune (1775–1848). Oil on canvas, 1810
Death of Sir John Moore, 17 January 1809
Saragossa: The assault on the Santa Engracia monastery. Oil on canvas, 1827
Marshal Jean-de-Dieu Soult at the First Battle of Porto by Joseph Beaume
The Battle of Talavera by William Heath
Joseph I of Spain
Juan Martín Díez, El Empecinado, a key guerrilla leader
The Proclamation of the Constitution of 1812 by Salvador Viniegra
Silver coin: 1000 reis Manuel II of Portugal, 1910 - commemorating the Peninsular War
The Battle of Chiclana, 5th March 1811 (1824) captures the fight between British redcoats and the French troops for Barrosa Ridge.
Marshal Beresford disarming a Polish officer at La Albuera (16 May 1811)
British infantry attempt to scale the walls of Badajoz, 1812
The Battle of Salamanca
Thomas Lawrence: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.
Battle of the Pyrenees, 25 July 1813
The Battle of the Bidassoa, 1813
The Battle of Castalla
The Battle of Nivelle
The Battle of St Jean de Luz, 10 December 1813 by Thomas Sutherland
The sortie from the besieged city of Bayonne, on 14 April 1814
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Horace Vernet: Napoleon on the island of Elba awaiting the brig Inconstant.(1863)''
The Disasters of War by Francisco Goya, 1810–1820
French victories of the Peninsular War inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe
Statue of Juana Galán in Valdepeñas, by sculptor Francisco Javier Galán
Agustina, maid of Aragón, fires a gun on the French invaders

In 1812, when Napoleon set out with a massive army on what proved to be a disastrous French invasion of Russia, a combined allied army defeated the French at Salamanca and took the capital Madrid.

Toledo, Spain

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City and municipality of Spain, capital of the province of Toledo and the de jure seat of the government and parliament of the autonomous community of Castilla–La Mancha.

City and municipality of Spain, capital of the province of Toledo and the de jure seat of the government and parliament of the autonomous community of Castilla–La Mancha.

Visigothic decorative reliefs in the Mezquita-Iglesia de El Salvador
Puerta de Alarcones, Visigothic city gate
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Depiction of people from Toledo in AD 976, from the 10th-century Codex Vigilanus.
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View and Plan of Toledo by city resident El Greco c. 1608.
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Toledo as depicted in the Civitates orbis terrarum (1572).
Republican militia women besieging the alcázar, controlled by the Nationalist faction.
Opening of the railway in Toledo in June 1858.
Plaza de Zocodover after the Corpus Christi festivities.
Museum of Santa Cruz, a former hospital.
Puerta del Sol, built by the Knights Hospitaller.
Toledo City Hall.
A gargoyle of the Monastery of San Juan de los Reyes
Synagogue of Santa María la Blanca
Synagogue of El Transito next to the Sephardic Museum
2010 Feast of Corpus Christi.
Toledo Cathedral
Alcázar of Toledo
Iglesia de Santiago del Arrabal
Castle of San Servando, formerly occupied by the Knights Templar
Puerta del Cambrón, completed in 1576.
AVE class 112 entering the Toledo Railway Station.
The National Hospital for Paraplegics
A football fixture between CD Toledo and Real Murcia at the Estadio Salto del Caballo.
alt=|Roman bridge Puente de Alcántara
alt=|City walls of Toledo. Originally built by Romans, but rebuilt and enlarged by the Visigoths
alt=|Roman Cave of Hercules, part of the site Subterranean Toledo
Territory controlled by the Taifa of Toledo circa 1037
Carcamusas (made of lean pork with seasonal vegetables) are considered a local specialty.
The manufacture and selling of swords was affected by the resulting blow on tourism caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

In 1561, during the first years of his son Philip II's reign, the Royal Court was set in Madrid.

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

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Spain's national museum of 20th-century art.

Spain's national museum of 20th-century art.

Courtyard in old hospital building
Jean Nouvel building interior
Pablo Picasso, 1912, Les oiseaux morts (Los pájaros muertos), oil on canvas, 46 x 65 cm
Juan Gris, 1913, Violin and Guitar, oil on canvas, 81 x 60 cm
Juan Gris, October 1916, Portrait of Josette, oil on canvas, 116 x 73 cm
María Blanchard, 1917, Woman with guitar, oil on canvas, 100 x 72 cm
Joan Miró, 1918, La casa de la palmera (House with Palm Tree), oil on canvas, 65 x 73 cm
Wassily Kandinsky, 1923, Delicate Tension, watercolor and ink on paper
Robert Delaunay, 1923, Portrait of Tristan Tzara, oil on cardboard, 104.5 x 75 cm
Paul Klee, 1927, Omega 5, Dummy, oil on canvas mounted on cardboard
Front entrance
Close up of the front of the Reina Sofía in Madrid Spain.
Reina Sofía Museum
Interior gallery photo inside the Reina Sofía Museum
Inside the Reina Sofía Museum
Crystal Palace in the Retiro Park, a Reina Sofía exhibition centre

It is located in Madrid, near the Atocha train and metro stations, at the southern end of the so-called Golden Triangle of Art (located along the Paseo del Prado and also comprising the Museo del Prado and the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza).