Magento

Magento CommerceMagento EnterpriseMagento, Inc.
Magento is an open-source e-commerce platform written in PHP.wikipedia
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Compare E-Shopping Cartsshopping cart software
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Adobe Inc.

AdobeAdobe SystemsAdobe Systems Incorporated
In May 2018 it was announced that Magento would be acquired by Adobe for $1.68bn with a view to integrating it into Adobe Experience Cloud, its Enterprise CMS platform.
On May 22, 2018, Adobe stated that they are buying e-commerce services provider Magento Commerce from private equity firm Permira for $1.68 billion.

Web skimming

malicious code
In 2017 security company DefenseCode reported that Magento CE web stores are susceptible to Remote Code Execution attack, which allows attackers to perform web skimming, steal stored credit card information of future and previous customers, take control of the database, and in some instances even the complete server - including other Magento instances.
As a well as targeted attacks such as on Newegg, it's been used in combination with commodity Magento extension attacks.

Open Software License

OSLOpen Software License ("OSL") v. 3.0Open Software License (OSL)
Magento, an eCommerce web application

Open-source software

open sourceopen-sourceopen source software
Magento is an open-source e-commerce platform written in PHP.

PHP

PDOPHP programming languageP'''HP
Magento is an open-source e-commerce platform written in PHP. Magento employs the MySQL or MariaDB relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

Privately held company

Privateprivately heldprivate company
The software was originally developed by Varien, Inc, a US private company headquartered in Culver City, California, with assistance from volunteers.

Headquarters

headquarteredheadquarterHQ
The software was originally developed by Varien, Inc, a US private company headquartered in Culver City, California, with assistance from volunteers.

Culver City, California

Culver CityBlair HillsCulver City, CA
The software was originally developed by Varien, Inc, a US private company headquartered in Culver City, California, with assistance from volunteers.

Volunteering

volunteervolunteersvolunteerism
The software was originally developed by Varien, Inc, a US private company headquartered in Culver City, California, with assistance from volunteers.

EBay

e-BayeBay.comeBay Inc
Roy Rubin, the former CEO of Varien, later sold a substantial share of the company to eBay, which eventually completely acquired and then sold the company to Permira.

Permira

Schroeder Ventures
Roy Rubin, the former CEO of Varien, later sold a substantial share of the company to eBay, which eventually completely acquired and then sold the company to Permira. As a result of the breakup of eBay following Carl Icahn's raid, Magento was spun out as an independent company by the new owner Permira private equity fund on 3 November 2015.

Less (stylesheet language)

LESS
Among the features changed in V2 are the following: reduced table locking issues, improved page caching, enterprise-grade scalability, inbuilt rich snippets for structured data, new file structure with easier customization, CSS Preprocessing using LESS & CSS URL resolver, improved performance and a more structured code base.

MySQL

M'''ySQLMySQL 4.1MySQL 4.x
Magento employs the MySQL or MariaDB relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

MariaDB

MariaDB FoundationMariaDB ColumnStore
Magento employs the MySQL or MariaDB relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

Zend Framework

Zend
Magento employs the MySQL or MariaDB relational database management system, the PHP programming language, and elements of the Zend Framework.

Object-oriented programming

object-orientedobject orientedobject-oriented programming language
It applies the conventions of object-oriented programming and model–view–controller architecture.

Model–view–controller

MVCmodel-view-controllermodel
It applies the conventions of object-oriented programming and model–view–controller architecture.

Entity–attribute–value model

entity-attribute-value modelEAVentities
Magento also uses the entity–attribute–value model to store data.

Model–view–viewmodel

MVVMModel-View-ViewModelMVVM design pattern
On top of that, Magento 2 introduced the Model-View-ViewModel pattern to its front-end code using the JavaScript library Knockout.js.

JavaScript

JSclient-side JavaScriptserver-side JavaScript
On top of that, Magento 2 introduced the Model-View-ViewModel pattern to its front-end code using the JavaScript library Knockout.js.

Knockout (web framework)

KnockoutKnockout.js
On top of that, Magento 2 introduced the Model-View-ViewModel pattern to its front-end code using the JavaScript library Knockout.js.

OsCommerce

OSCOM
Varien, the company owning Magento formerly worked with osCommerce.

PayPal

PayPal Holdings PayPal Inc.breakup of eBay
As a result of the breakup of eBay following Carl Icahn's raid, Magento was spun out as an independent company by the new owner Permira private equity fund on 3 November 2015.

Carl Icahn

Carl C. Icahn
As a result of the breakup of eBay following Carl Icahn's raid, Magento was spun out as an independent company by the new owner Permira private equity fund on 3 November 2015.