Magic (illusion)

magicianmagicillusionistmagiciansstage magicianstage magicmagic trickmagic tricksconjurerillusion
Magic, which encompasses the subgenres of illusion, stage magic, and close up magic, is a performing art in which audiences are entertained by tricks or illusions of seemingly impossible feats using natural means.wikipedia
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Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin

Robert-HoudinRobert HoudinJean Eugene Robert-Houdin
Modern entertainment magic, as pioneered by 19th-century magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, has become a popular theatrical art form.
Jean-Eugène Robert-Houdin (December 7, 1805 – June 13, 1871) was a French watchmaker, magician and illusionist, widely recognized as the father of the modern style of conjuring.

Entertainment

entertainment industryentertainerLive Entertainment
Magic, which encompasses the subgenres of illusion, stage magic, and close up magic, is a performing art in which audiences are entertained by tricks or illusions of seemingly impossible feats using natural means.
Most forms of entertainment have persisted over many centuries, evolving due to changes in culture, technology, and fashion for example with stage magic.

Performing arts

performerperforming artmusic
Magic, which encompasses the subgenres of illusion, stage magic, and close up magic, is a performing art in which audiences are entertained by tricks or illusions of seemingly impossible feats using natural means.
Examples of these include actors, comedians, dancers, magicians, circus artists, musicians, and singers.

John Nevil Maskelyne

MaskelyneJ.N. MaskelyneJohn Maskelyne
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, magicians such as Maskelyne and Devant, Howard Thurston, Harry Kellar, and Harry Houdini achieved widespread commercial success during what has become known as "the Golden Age of Magic".
John Nevil Maskelyne (22 December 1839 – 18 May 1917) was an English stage magician and inventor of the pay toilet, along with other Victorian-era devices.

Harry Kellar

KellarKellar, HarryLevitation of Princess Karnac
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, magicians such as Maskelyne and Devant, Howard Thurston, Harry Kellar, and Harry Houdini achieved widespread commercial success during what has become known as "the Golden Age of Magic".
Harry Kellar (July 11, 1849 – March 10, 1922) was an American magician who presented large stage shows during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Howard Thurston

ThurstonThurston, Howard
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, magicians such as Maskelyne and Devant, Howard Thurston, Harry Kellar, and Harry Houdini achieved widespread commercial success during what has become known as "the Golden Age of Magic". Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
Howard Thurston (July 20, 1869 – April 13, 1936) was a stage magician from Columbus, Ohio, United States.

David Devant

DevantDevant, David
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, magicians such as Maskelyne and Devant, Howard Thurston, Harry Kellar, and Harry Houdini achieved widespread commercial success during what has become known as "the Golden Age of Magic". Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
David Devant (22 February 1868 – 13 October 1941) was an English magician, shadowgraphist and film exhibitor.

Doug Henning

Henning, DougDebby Douillard
Magic retained its popularity in the television age, with magicians such as David Copperfield, Doug Henning, Penn & Teller, and David Blaine modernizing the art form. Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
Douglas James Henning (May 3, 1947 – February 7, 2000) was a Canadian magician, illusionist, escape artist and politician.

David Blaine

Blaine, DavidAbove the BelowDavid Blaine: Real or Magic
Magic retained its popularity in the television age, with magicians such as David Copperfield, Doug Henning, Penn & Teller, and David Blaine modernizing the art form. Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
David Blaine White (born April 4, 1973) is an American illusionist, endurance artist and extreme performer.

Vaudeville

vaudevillianvaudevilliansvaudevillist
During this period, performance magic became a staple of Broadway theatre, vaudeville, and music halls.
Types of acts have included popular and classical musicians, singers, dancers, comedians, trained animals, magicians, ventriloquists, strongmen, female and male impersonators, acrobats, illustrated songs, jugglers, one-act plays or scenes from plays, athletes, lecturing celebrities, minstrels, and movies.

John Henry Anderson

Anderson, John HenryProfessor Anderson
John Henry Anderson was pioneering the same transition in London in the 1840s. Many of Robert-Houdin's mechanisms for illusion were pirated by his assistant and ended up in the performances of his rivals, John Henry Anderson and Alexander Herrmann.
John Henry Anderson (1814–1874) was a Scottish professional magician.

Isaac Fawkes

A notable figure in this transition was the English showman, Isaac Fawkes, who began to promote his act in advertisements from the 1720s – he even claimed to have performed for King George II.
Isaac Fawkes (1675?–1732) (also spelt Fawks, Fawxs, Fauks and Faux) was an English conjurer and showman.

Reginald Scot

Reginald Scott
In 1584, Englishman Reginald Scot published The Discoverie of Witchcraft, part of which was devoted to debunking the claims that magicians used supernatural methods, and showing how their "magic tricks" were in reality accomplished.
Part of its content exposes how (apparently miraculous) feats of magic were done, and the book is often deemed the first textbook on conjuring.

Alexander Herrmann

Herrmann the GreatHerrmann, AlexanderThe Great Herrmann
Many of Robert-Houdin's mechanisms for illusion were pirated by his assistant and ended up in the performances of his rivals, John Henry Anderson and Alexander Herrmann.
Alexander Herrmann (February 10, 1844 – December 17, 1896) was a French magician, better known as Herrmann the Great.

Juggling

jugglerjugglersjuggle
Until the 18th century, magic shows were a common source of entertainment at fairs, where itinerant performers would entertain the public with magic tricks, as well as the more traditional spectacles of sword swallowing, juggling and fire breathing.
From the 12th to the 17th century, juggling and juggler were the terms most consistently used to describe acts of magic, though some have called the term juggling a lexicographical nightmare, stating that it is one of the least understood relating to magic.

Tobias Bamberg

OkitoBamberg, TobiasTheo "Okito" Bamberg
Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
Tobias "Theo" Leendert Bamberg (1875–1963) was a professional magician.

Dai Vernon

DaiVernon, Dai
Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
Dai Vernon (pronounced alternatively as "DIE" or as "DAY" as in David ) (June 11, 1894 – August 21, 1992), a.k.a. The Professor, was a Canadian magician.

Richard Valentine Pitchford

CardiniRichard Cardini
Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
Richard Valentine Pitchford (24 November 1895 – 13 November 1973) was a master magician under the name Cardini, whose career spanned almost half a century.

Penn & Teller

Penn and TellerPenn Jillette&
Magic retained its popularity in the television age, with magicians such as David Copperfield, Doug Henning, Penn & Teller, and David Blaine modernizing the art form. Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
Penn & Teller (Penn Jillette and Teller) are American magicians and entertainers who have performed together since the late 1970s, noted for their ongoing act that combines elements of comedy with magic.

Criss Angel

AngeldustSystem 2 in TrilogySystem 3 in Trilogy
Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
Christopher Nicholas Sarantakos (Χριστόφορος Νικόλαος Σαραντάκος; born December 19, 1967), known by the stage name Criss Angel, is an American magician, illusionist and musician.

Lance Burton

Burton, Lance
Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
William Lance Burton (born March 10, 1960 in Columbia, Kentucky) is an American stage magician.

Hans Klok

Klok, Hans
Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
Johannes Franciscus Catharinus "Hans" Klok (born 22 February 1969) is a Dutch magician, illusionist and actor.

Derren Brown

Something Wicked This Way ComesDerren Brown InvestigatesDerren Brown: Secret
Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
Derren Brown (born 27 February 1971) is an English mentalist, illusionist, and author.

Theodore Annemann

AnnemannAnnemann, TheodoreTed Annemann
Famous magicians of the 20th century included Okito, David Devant, Harry Blackstone Sr., Harry Blackstone Jr., Howard Thurston, Theodore Annemann, Cardini, Joseph Dunninger, Dai Vernon, Fred Culpitt, Tommy Wonder, Siegfried & Roy, and Doug Henning.
Theodore 'Theo' Annemann (stage name Ted Anneman) born Theodore John Squires (February 22, 1907 – January 12, 1942) was an American professional magician who specialized in the field of mentalism.

James Randi

Randi, JamesJames "The Amazing" RandiRandi
Popular 20th- and 21st-century magicians include David Copperfield, Lance Burton, James Randi, Penn and Teller, David Blaine, Criss Angel, Hans Klok, Derren Brown Steve Knight and Dynamo.
He took up magic after seeing Harry Blackstone Sr. and reading conjuring books while spending 13 months in a body cast following a bicycle accident.