Magnificent Seven cemeteries

Magnificent SevenSeven large cemeteriesmajor metropolitan cemeteriessuburban cemeteries
The "Magnificent Seven" is an informal term applied to seven large private cemeteries in London.wikipedia
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Cemetery

cemeteriesgraveyardburial ground
The "Magnificent Seven" is an informal term applied to seven large private cemeteries in London.
The Magnificent Seven, seven large cemeteries around London, were established in the following decade, starting with Kensal Green in 1832.

Kensal Green Cemetery

Kensal GreenWest London CrematoriumFriends of Kensal Green Cemetery
It is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London.

West Norwood Cemetery

Norwood CemeteryWest NorwoodNorwood
One of the first private landscaped cemeteries in London, it is one of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries of London, and is a site of major historical, architectural and ecological interest.

Highgate Cemetery

cemeteryHighgateHighgate 'New' Cemetery
It is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London.

Abney Park Cemetery

Abney Parknon-denominational garden cemeterythe cemetery there
Abney Park cemetery is one of the "Magnificent Seven" cemeteries in London, England.

Brompton Cemetery

Bromptoncemetery
It is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries.

Nunhead Cemetery

Nunhead
Nunhead Cemetery is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London, England.

Tower Hamlets Cemetery Park

Tower Hamlets CemeteryCity of London and Tower Hamlets CemeteryThe City of London and Tower Hamlets Cemetery
It is regarded as one of the seven great cemeteries of the time (now known as the "Magnificent Seven").

Gothic Revival architecture

Gothic RevivalNeo-GothicGothic
The development of the private major metropolitan cemeteries was occurring at the same time as the movement; Sir William Tite pioneered the first cemetery in the Gothic style at West Norwood in 1837, with chapels, gates, and decorative features in the Gothic manner, attracting the interest of contemporary architects such as George Edmund Street, Barry, and William Burges.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
The "Magnificent Seven" is an informal term applied to seven large private cemeteries in London.

Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher WrenWrenWren-Gibbs
Architects such as Sir Christopher Wren and Sir John Vanbrugh deplored this practice and wished to see suburban cemeteries established.

John Vanbrugh

Sir John VanbrughVanbrughJohn Vanburgh
Architects such as Sir Christopher Wren and Sir John Vanbrugh deplored this practice and wished to see suburban cemeteries established.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
It was not until British visitors to Paris, including George Frederick Carden, were inspired by its Père Lachaise cemetery that sufficient time and money were devoted to canvass for reform, and equivalents were developed in London: first at Kensal Green.

George Frederick Carden

It was not until British visitors to Paris, including George Frederick Carden, were inspired by its Père Lachaise cemetery that sufficient time and money were devoted to canvass for reform, and equivalents were developed in London: first at Kensal Green.

Père Lachaise Cemetery

cimetière du Père-LachaisePère-Lachaise CemeteryPère-Lachaise
It was not until British visitors to Paris, including George Frederick Carden, were inspired by its Père Lachaise cemetery that sufficient time and money were devoted to canvass for reform, and equivalents were developed in London: first at Kensal Green.

Epidemic

epidemicsplaguepestilence
Overcrowded graveyards also led to decaying matter getting into the water supply and causing epidemics.

Brown rat

Rattus norvegicusNorway ratrat
There were incidents of graves being dug on unmarked plots that already contained bodies, and of bodies being defiled by sewer rats infiltrating the churchyards' drains from the relatively central Tyburn, Fleet, Effra and Westbourne rivers which were used as foul sewers by this date and later wholly discharged into London's outfall sewers.

River Tyburn

TyburnTyburn (stream)Lady Ty
There were incidents of graves being dug on unmarked plots that already contained bodies, and of bodies being defiled by sewer rats infiltrating the churchyards' drains from the relatively central Tyburn, Fleet, Effra and Westbourne rivers which were used as foul sewers by this date and later wholly discharged into London's outfall sewers.

River Fleet

FleetFleet RiverFleet Ditch
There were incidents of graves being dug on unmarked plots that already contained bodies, and of bodies being defiled by sewer rats infiltrating the churchyards' drains from the relatively central Tyburn, Fleet, Effra and Westbourne rivers which were used as foul sewers by this date and later wholly discharged into London's outfall sewers.

River Effra

Effrathe Effra
There were incidents of graves being dug on unmarked plots that already contained bodies, and of bodies being defiled by sewer rats infiltrating the churchyards' drains from the relatively central Tyburn, Fleet, Effra and Westbourne rivers which were used as foul sewers by this date and later wholly discharged into London's outfall sewers.

River Westbourne

WestbourneChelseaSerpentine River
There were incidents of graves being dug on unmarked plots that already contained bodies, and of bodies being defiled by sewer rats infiltrating the churchyards' drains from the relatively central Tyburn, Fleet, Effra and Westbourne rivers which were used as foul sewers by this date and later wholly discharged into London's outfall sewers.

London sewerage system

sewerage systemsewer systemLondon Brick Sewer
There were incidents of graves being dug on unmarked plots that already contained bodies, and of bodies being defiled by sewer rats infiltrating the churchyards' drains from the relatively central Tyburn, Fleet, Effra and Westbourne rivers which were used as foul sewers by this date and later wholly discharged into London's outfall sewers.

Burial Act

Burial Acts 1852 to 1885Burial (Ireland) Acts 1824 to 1868Burial Act 1852
The Burial Act 1852 section 9 required new burial grounds in a list of urban parishes of London (the Metropolis) to be approved by the Secretary of State.

Secretary of State (United Kingdom)

Secretary of StateSecretaries of StateBritish Secretary of State
The Burial Act 1852 section 9 required new burial grounds in a list of urban parishes of London (the Metropolis) to be approved by the Secretary of State.

Vestry

vestriesselect vestryadministrative vestry
Sections 26 and 28 of that act enabled parish Burial Boards (with vestry approval) to purchase land anywhere and to appropriate land belonging to the relevant parish, poor board or any of its charitable trusts.