Mail

postal servicepostal servicespostalpostal systempostpostagepostal mailsnail mailFirst Class mailmail delivery
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.wikipedia
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Postage stamp

postage stampsstampstamps
Proof of payment is usually in the form of an adhesive postage stamp, but a postage meter is also used for bulk mailing. Worldwide, the most common method of prepaying postage is by buying an adhesive postage stamp to be applied to the envelope before mailing; a much less common method is to use a postage-prepaid envelope.
A postage stamp is a small piece of paper issued by a post office, postal administration, or other authorized vendors to customers who pay postage (the cost involved in moving, insuring, or registering mail), who then affix the stamp to the face or address-side of any item of mail—an envelope or other postal cover (e.g., packet, box, mailing cylinder)—that they wish to send.

Courier

messengermessengerserrand boy
Modern private postal systems are distinguished from national postal agencies by the terms "courier" or "delivery service".
Couriers are distinguished from ordinary mail services by features such as speed, security, tracking, signature, specialization and individualization of express services, and swift delivery times, which are optional for most everyday mail services.

Postage meter

franking machineComputer vended postagepostage meters
Proof of payment is usually in the form of an adhesive postage stamp, but a postage meter is also used for bulk mailing.
A postage meter or franking machine is a mechanical device used to create and apply physical evidence of postage (or franking) to mailed matter.

Package delivery

parcelparcelsdelivery service
Modern private postal systems are distinguished from national postal agencies by the terms "courier" or "delivery service".
Package delivery or parcel delivery is the delivery of shipping containers, parcels, or high value mail as single shipments.

Royal Mail

Post Officemail centreBritish Post Office
In the U.K., the Royal Mail delivers the post, while in the U.S. the U.S. Postal Service delivers the mail.
The Royal Mail (Post Brenhinol; a' Phuist Rìoghail) is a postal service and courier company in the United Kingdom, originally established in 1516.

Email

e-mailelectronic maile-mails
The term email (short for "electronic mail") first appeared in the 1970s.
Electronic mail (email or e-mail) is a method of exchanging messages ("mail") between people using electronic devices.

United States Postal Service

U.S. Postal ServiceU.S. Post OfficeUnited States Post Office
In the U.K., the Royal Mail delivers the post, while in the U.S. the U.S. Postal Service delivers the mail.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.

Universal Postal Union

UPUGeneral Postal Unioninternational mail
The Universal Postal Union (UPU), established in 1874, includes 192 member countries and sets the rules for international mail exchanges.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.

Postal, telegraph and telephone service

PTTPostal Telephone and TelegraphPTTs
In some countries, a postal, telegraph and telephone (PTT) service oversees the postal system, in addition to telephone and telegraph systems.
A postal, telegraph, and telephone service (or PTT) is a government agency responsible for postal mail, telegraph, and telephone services.

Parcel (package)

parcelparcelspackage
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.
A parcel is a package bearing the name and address of the recipient in order to be routed through the services of a postal service or by express package delivery service to the recipient.

State monopoly

government monopolystate monopoliesmonopoly
Since the mid-19th century, national postal systems have generally been established as a government monopoly, with a fee on the article prepaid.
In many countries, the postal system is run by the government with competition forbidden by law in some or all services.

Chapar Khaneh

postal systemChapar-KhanehChapar
The Persian system worked using stations (called Chapar-Khaneh), whence the message carrier (called Chapar) would ride to the next post, whereupon he would swap his horse with a fresh one for maximum performance and delivery speed.
"Chapar Khaneh" (, courier-house) is a Persian term for the postal service used during the Achaemenid era.

Official mail

official stampofficial stampscorrespondence from government departments
Postal stations were used not only for the transmission and delivery of official mail but were also available for travelling officials, military men, and foreign dignitaries.
Official mail is mail sent from, or by, an authorized department of government, governmental agency or international organization and normally has some indication that it is official; a certifying cachet, return address or other means of identity, indicating its user.

Thurn und Taxis

Thurn and TaxisHouse of Thurn and TaxisPrincely House of Thurn and Taxis
The Thurn und Taxis family, then known as Tassis, had operated postal services between Italian city-states from 1290 onward.
It was a key player in the postal services in Europe during the 16th century, until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, and became well known as the owner of breweries and builder of many castles.

Rowland Hill

Sir Rowland HillRowland Hill (postal reformer)Hazelwood School
Sir Rowland Hill reformed the postal system based on the concepts of penny postage and prepayment.
He campaigned for a comprehensive reform of the postal system, based on the concept of Uniform Penny Post and his solution of pre-payment, facilitating the safe, speedy and cheap transfer of letters.

Railway post office

RPOmail carrailroad post office
Railways carried railway post offices.
In the United States, a railway post office, commonly abbreviated as RPO, was a railroad car that was normally operated in passenger service as a means to sort mail en route, in order to speed delivery.

Mail truck

post vanpostal trucksautomobiles
Postmen started to utilize mail trucks.
A mail truck, mail van, or mail lorry is a delivery vehicle that is used to distribute mail.

ZIP Code

ZIP code(s)ZIP codesZIP code(s)
In most countries a system of codes has been created (referred to as ZIP codes in the United States, postcodes in the United Kingdom and Australia, and postal codes in most other countries) in order to facilitate the automation of operations.
The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; it was chosen to suggest that the mail travels more efficiently and quickly (zipping along) when senders use the code in the postal address.

Postal code

post codepostcodePIN
In most countries a system of codes has been created (referred to as ZIP codes in the United States, postcodes in the United Kingdom and Australia, and postal codes in most other countries) in order to facilitate the automation of operations.
A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.

Airmail

air mailmailairmail service
During the 20th century, air mail became the transport of choice for inter-continental mail.
Airmail (or air mail) is a mail transport service branded and sold on the basis of at least one leg of its journey being by air.

Rocket mail

Missile Mailmail rocketmail rockets
Some methods of airmail proved ineffective, however, including the United States Postal Service's experiment with rocket mail.
Rocket mail is the delivery of mail by rocket or missile.

Achaemenid Empire

AchaemenidPersianPersian Empire
The Persian system worked using stations (called Chapar-Khaneh), whence the message carrier (called Chapar) would ride to the next post, whereupon he would swap his horse with a fresh one for maximum performance and delivery speed.
Cyrus the Great created an organized army including the Immortals unit, consisting of 10,000 highly trained soldiers Cyrus also formed an innovative postal system throughout the empire, based on several relay stations called Chapar Khaneh.

Envelope

envelopesEnvelope sizeISO 269
Worldwide, the most common method of prepaying postage is by buying an adhesive postage stamp to be applied to the envelope before mailing; a much less common method is to use a postage-prepaid envelope.
They are most commonly used for enclosing and sending mail (letters) through a prepaid-postage postal system.

Snowshoe Thompson

John "Snowshoe" ThompsonJohn A. "Snowshoe" Thompsonski
Mail has been transported by quite a few other methods throughout history, including dogsled, ski, balloon, rocket, mule, pneumatic tubes, and even submarine.
Between 1856 and 1876, he delivered mail between Placerville, California and Genoa, Nevada and later Virginia City, Nevada.

Letter (message)

letterslettercorrespondence
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcards, letters, and parcels.