Mail coach

The Edinburgh and London Royal Mail, 1838. The guard can be seen at the back. John Frederick Herring
North Country Mails at The Peacock, Islington 1821. James Pollard
Royal Mail coach preserved in the Science Museum, London
A preserved Cobb & Co Australian Royal Mail coach with Concord mud-coach undercarriage
Imported Concord stagecoach 1853, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia

Stagecoach built to a General Post Office-approved design operated by an independent contractor to carry long-distance mail for the Post Office.

- Mail coach

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Royal Mail

British multinational postal service and courier company, originally established in 1516 as a government department.

The Louth-London Royal Mail, by Charles Cooper Henderson, 1820
Edinburgh and London Royal Mail, by Jacques-Laurent Agasse
Lower Edmonton Royal Mail sorting office, in London
Royal Mail Post Office Regulations handbill giving details of the Uniform Penny Post, dated 7 January 1840
Historic vehicle fleet
London's largest sorting office, Mount Pleasant
A Royal Mail van, seen in Wymondham in 2021
Heathrow Worldwide Distribution Centre, where mail entering and leaving the United Kingdom is sorted
Automated post sorting machine
Royal Mail postman with bicycle in Ilminster
North West Midlands Mail Centre
Southampton Mail Centre (now closed)
A British Rail Class 73 with a parcels van and carriages under British Rail carrying the mail in 1986 through Clapham Junction.
Royal Mail Ford Transit van, outside the Axminster post office
Royal Mail vehicle logo as used in Scotland. (Featuring the Crown of Scotland)
A British Rail Class 325 mail train

The early Royal Mail Coaches were similar to ordinary family coaches, but with Post Office livery.

Post office

For national postal networks, sometimes called "the Post Office", see mail.

A post office building in Edithburgh, Australia
West Toledo Branch Post Office in Toledo, Ohio, in 1912
Postal clerks in a cartoon on the 1840 Penny Penates postcard
Old post office in Toompea in Tallinn, Estonia
Students attend an unstaffed postal facility
The Inland Letter Office of the London GPO in 1845

This term, as well as the term "post house", fell from use as horse and coach services were replaced by railways, aircraft, and automobiles.


Four-wheeled public transport coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses.

Wells Fargo mud-coach
A Greyhound or Flying coach
Mail coach decorated in the black and maroon Post Office livery, 1804
A public notice advertising a new stage coach service in west Wales, 1831
Construction of a macadamized road in the United States (1823). These roads allowed stagecoaches to travel at much greater speeds.
Gentlemen ordered out of the coach to lighten the load on the horses. Three put their shoulders to the back.
Carriage driving, 1881. The owner's coachman watches Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Park drag built by Brewster in 1887
The body of a diligence being transferred to a railroad car with a simple gantry crane, an example of early intermodal freight transport by the French Mail, 1844. The drawing is exhibited in Deutsches Museum Verkehrszentrum, Munich, Germany.
Diligencia that was used between Igualada and Barcelona, Spain. A dedicated luggage deck is on the roof
McLaughlin Stagecoach with birthday party, 1880s in Park County, Colorado.
Buffalo soldiers guard a Concord stagecoach, 1869
Detail of leather-strap suspension on a Concord Stage Coach
Kinnear Concord stagecoach in 1880 Tombstone to Bisbee route

Familiar images of the stagecoach are that of a Royal Mail coach passing through a turnpike gate, a Dickensian passenger coach covered in snow pulling up at a coaching inn, and a highwayman demanding a coach to "stand and deliver".


Town in Wales and a major Irish Sea port serving Ireland.

Holyhead Town Hall
Stanley Embankment
towards Holy Island
'Seiriol Wyn' one of a series of glass mosaic panels created by artist Gary Drostle for the new Celtic Gateway bridge entrance.
Clock Tower commemorating the extension of the Holyhead Docks between 1875 and 1880
St. Mary's Help of Christians Church
View of Holyhead market; activities, stalls and Welsh dress
Holyhead, c 1850

The post road built by Thomas Telford from London strengthened Holyhead's position as the port from which the Royal Mail was dispatched to and from Dublin on the Mail coach.


Firearm with a short, large caliber barrel which is flared at the muzzle and frequently throughout the entire bore, and used with shot and other projectiles of relevant quantity or caliber.

A flintlock blunderbuss, built for Tipu Sultan
An English flintlock blunderbuss.
A French blunderbuss, called an espingole, 1760, France.
Musketoon, blunderbuss and coach gun from the American Civil War era.
A blunderbuss pistol, or dragon, found at a battlefield in Cerro Gordo, Veracruz, Mexico
An 1808 Harper's Ferry blunderbuss, of the type carried on the Lewis and Clark Expedition
A pair of early blunderbuss pistols from Poland fitted with the miquelet lock
A recreation of one of Lewis and Clark's pirogues with a blunderbuss mounted to the bow with a pintle.

In addition to the cavalry, the blunderbuss found use for other duties in which the shotgun-like qualities were desirable, such as for guarding prisoners or defending a mail coach, and its use for urban combat was also recognized.

John Palmer (postal innovator)

John Palmer at age 75
A print showing a mail coach decorated in the black and scarlet Post Office livery near Newmarket, Suffolk in 1827. The guard can be seen standing at the rear.

John Palmer of Bath (1742 – 16 August 1818) was a theatre owner and instigator of the British system of mail coaches that was the beginning of the great British post office reforms with the introduction of an efficient mail coach delivery service in Great Britain during the late 18th century.

Post horn

Valveless cylindrical brass instrument with a cupped mouthpiece.

German post horn (19th century)
Post horn
German sign and postbox with post horn logos
Post horn logo from Sweden
Muted post horn from The Crying of Lot 49
Postal Horn Emoji from Google Noto, U+1F4EF
alt="Give way to coaches on mountain roads" road sign from Italy (deprecated in 1992)|Old "Stop when encountering coaches on mountain roads" road sign from Italy (removed from the Italian Road Code in 1992)

The instrument was used to signal the arrival or departure of a post rider or mail coach.

Mail robbery

Robbery of mail usually when it is in the possession, custody, or control, of the delivering authority, which in most countries is the postal operator and can involve the theft of money or luxury goods.

Doom of the
Kimble County, Texas Historical Marker
1794 post office notice of reward concerning the robbery of the mail between Chester and Liverpool

In the UK stage coach (from 1784 Mail coach) robberies by highwaymen were common, despite the death penalty.

Waterloo campaign

Fought between the French Army of the North and two Seventh Coalition armies, an Anglo-allied army and a Prussian army.

The Lion's Mound and the rotunda of the Panorama of the Battle of Waterloo.
Napoleon leaving Elba by Joseph Beaume
Plenipotentiaries at the Congress of Vienna
Strategic situation in Western Europe in 1815: 250,000 Frenchmen faced a coalition of about 850,000 soldiers on four fronts. In addition, Napoleon was forced to leave 20,000 men in Western France to reduce a royalist insurrection.
A portion of Belgium with some places marked in colour to indicate the initial deployments of the armies just before the commencement of hostilities on 15 June 1815: red Anglo-allied, green Prussian, blue French
Map of the Waterloo campaign
Quatre Bras (west) and Ligny (south-east)
Charge of the 1st Life Guards at Genappe by Richard Simkin.
Battle of Waterloo
Invasion of France by the Seventh Coalition armies in 1815
The Fortress of Charlemont and the village of Givet
Carl von Clausewitz

He desired Marshal Soult to collect together all the troops that might arrive at this point, and conduct them to Laon; for which place he himself started with post horses, at 14:00.


Borough in Anija Parish, Harju County.

Main building of Aegviidu railway station.
Water tower in the station
Aegviidu St. Alexander's Church
The main road (Piibe Road) in Aegviidu
Lake Nikerjärv
Nelijärve Vahejärv
Purgatsi Lake

In 1820 the baron of Lehtse Manor established a coaching inn to serve the mail coaches on the Piibe Road, which was back then the main road connecting the cities Tallinn and Tartu.