Maine

MEState of MaineMaine, United StatesGeography of MaineMaine, USAPolitics of Mainethe 23rd stateUS-ME23rd StateClimate of Maine
Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.wikipedia
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New England

Southern New EnglandNorthern New EnglandNew England region
Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
New England is a region composed of six states in the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

New Hampshire

NHState of New HampshireNew Hampshire, U.S.
It is bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Québec to the northeast and northwest, respectively.
It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.

Portland, Maine

PortlandPortland, MEPortland (ME)
Maine's most populous city is Portland and its capital is Augusta.
Portland is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Maine and the seat of Cumberland County.

Augusta, Maine

AugustaAugusta, MEAugusta (city)
Maine's most populous city is Portland and its capital is Augusta.
Augusta is the state capital of the U.S. state of Maine and the county seat of Kennebec County.

Northeastern United States

NortheastNortheasternNortheast United States
Maine is the northernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The vast area from central Virginia to northern Maine, and from western Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh) to the Atlantic Ocean, have all been loosely grouped into the Northeast at one time or another.

Missouri Compromise

Missouri Compromise of 1820Compromise of 1820Missouri Crisis
On March 15, 1820, under the Missouri Compromise, it was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state.
The Missouri Compromise was the legislation that provided for the admission of Maine to the United States as a free state along with Missouri as a slave state, thus maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the United States Senate.

Isles of Shoals

Isle of ShoalsWhite IslandIsles of Shoals, New Hampshire
In 1623, the English naval captain Christopher Levett, exploring the New England coast, wrote: "The first place I set my foote upon in New England was the Isle of Shoals, being Ilands [sic] in the sea, above two Leagues from the Mayne."
The Isles of Shoals are a group of small islands and tidal ledges situated approximately 6 mi off the east coast of the United States, straddling the border of the states of Maine and New Hampshire.

Massachusetts

MACommonwealth of MassachusettsMass.
Maine was part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts until 1820, when it voted to secede from Massachusetts to become a separate state. During the later King Philip's War, many of these peoples would merge in one form or another to become the Wabanaki Confederacy, aiding the Wampanoag of Massachusetts & the Mahican of New York.
Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine.

Hancock County, Maine

Hancock CountyHancockHancock counties
European contact with what is now called Maine started around 1200 CE when Norwegians interacted with the native Penobscot in present-day Hancock County, most likely through trade.
Hancock County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine.

Penobscot

Penobscot NationPenobscot peoplePenobscot Indian Nation
European contact with what is now called Maine started around 1200 CE when Norwegians interacted with the native Penobscot in present-day Hancock County, most likely through trade. The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, Penobscot, Androscoggin and Kennebec.
They are organized as a federally recognized tribe in Maine and as a First Nations band government in the Atlantic provinces and Quebec.

Province of Maine

MaineNew Somersetshirecolonial Maine
The first known record of the name appears in an August 10, 1622 land charter to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason, English Royal Navy veterans, who were granted a large tract in present-day Maine that Mason and Gorges "intend to name the Province of Maine".
The Province of Maine refers to any of the various English colonies established in the 17th century along the northeast coast of North America, within portions of the present-day U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick.

Acadia

Acadiel'AcadieHistory of Acadia
The French named the entire area Acadia, including the portion that later became the state of Maine.
Acadia (Acadie) was a colony of New France in northeastern North America which included parts of eastern Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and Maine to the Kennebec River.

Passamaquoddy

Passamaquoddy peoplePassamaquoddy TribePassamaquoddy Tribe of Maine
The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, Penobscot, Androscoggin and Kennebec.
The Passamaquoddy (Peskotomuhkati or Pestomuhkati in the Passamaquoddy language) are an American Indian/First Nations people who live in northeastern North America, primarily in Maine, United States, and New Brunswick, Canada.

Mount Desert Island

Mount Desert Island, MaineMt. Desert IslandMount Desert
The French established two Jesuit missions: one on Penobscot Bay in 1609, and the other on Mount Desert Island in 1613.
Mount Desert Island (MDI) in Hancock County, Maine, is the largest island off the coast of Maine.

Castine, Maine

CastineMajabigwaduceNautilus Island and the Majabagaduce peninsula
The same year, Castine was established by Claude de La Tour.
Castine is a town in Hancock County in eastern Maine, USA, which served from 1670 to 1674 as the capital of Acadia.

Wabanaki Confederacy

WabanakiWabenakiIndigenous peoples
During the later King Philip's War, many of these peoples would merge in one form or another to become the Wabanaki Confederacy, aiding the Wampanoag of Massachusetts & the Mahican of New York.
It is made up of most of present-day Maine in the United States, and New Brunswick, mainland Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island, Prince Edward Island and some of Quebec south of the St. Lawrence River in Canada.

Maliseet

WolastoqiyikMaleciteMaliseet people
The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, Penobscot, Androscoggin and Kennebec.
They are the Indigenous people of the Saint John River valley and its tributaries, and their territory extends across the current borders of New Brunswick and Quebec in Canada, and parts of Maine in the United States.

York, Maine

YorkYork Beach, MaineYork Village, Maine
A second settlement was attempted in 1623 by English explorer and naval Captain Christopher Levett at a place called York, where he had been granted 6000 acre by King Charles I of England.
York is a town in York County, Maine, United States, near the southern tip of the state.

Kennebec River

KennebecAtkins BayKennebec River Valley
The part of western Maine north of the Kennebec River was more sparsely settled, and was known in the 17th century as the Territory of Sagadahock.
The Kennebec River is a 170 mi river within the U.S. state of Maine.

Penobscot Bay

West Penobscot BayBayEast Penobscot Bay
The French established two Jesuit missions: one on Penobscot Bay in 1609, and the other on Mount Desert Island in 1613.
Penobscot Bay is an inlet of the Gulf of Maine and Atlantic Ocean in south central Maine.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

MassachusettsMassachusetts Bay CompanyMassachusetts Bay
The province within its current boundaries became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652.
The territory nominally administered by the colony covered much of central New England, including portions of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, and Connecticut.

Penobscot River

PenobscotPenboscotPenobscot River Valley
After the British defeated the French in Acadia in the 1740s, the territory from the Penobscot River east fell under the nominal authority of the Province of Nova Scotia, and together with present-day New Brunswick formed the Nova Scotia county of Sunbury, with its court of general sessions at Campobello.
The Penobscot River is a 109 mi river in the U.S. state of Maine.

Dummer's War

Father Rale's War1724against Canada
The other Abenaki tribes suffered several severe defeats, particularly during Dummer's War, with the capture of Norridgewock in 1724 and the defeat of the Pequawket in 1725, which greatly reduced their numbers.
The eastern theater of the war was fought primarily along the border between New England and Acadia in Maine, as well as in Nova Scotia; the western theater was fought in northern Massachusetts and Vermont at the border between Canada (New France) and New England.

Joshua Chamberlain

Joshua Lawrence ChamberlainJoshua L. ChamberlainChamberlain
The 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment, under the command of Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, prevented the Union Army from being flanked at Little Round Top by the Confederate Army during the Battle of Gettysburg.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (born Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain, September 8, 1828 – February 24, 1914) was an American college professor from the State of Maine who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army.

Maine Supreme Judicial Court

Maine Supreme CourtSupreme Judicial Court of MaineChief Justice of Maine
The principal office of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court remains in Portland.
The Maine Supreme Judicial Court is the highest court in the state of Maine's judicial system.