Mainz

MogontiacumMainz, GermanyMoguntiacumMayenceUSC MainzMainz-LerchenbergMainz-NeustadtMainz-WeisenauZahlbachWeisenau
Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.wikipedia
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Wiesbaden

Wiesbaden, GermanyWIWiesbaden, Hesse
The city is located on the Rhine river at its confluence with the Main river, opposite Wiesbaden on the border with Hesse.
The city, together with nearby Frankfurt am Main, Darmstadt, and Mainz, is part of the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region, a metropolitan area with a combined population of about 5.8 million people.

Gutenberg Bible

42-Line BibleBibleMazarin Bible
Mainz is famous as the home of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the movable-type printing press, who in the early 1450s manufactured his first books in the city, including the Gutenberg Bible.
It is an edition of the Latin Vulgate printed in the 1450s by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, in present-day Germany.

Bombing of Mainz in World War II

Bombing of Mainz30 air raidsAir raid on 27 February 1945
Mainz was heavily damaged during World War II, with more than 30 air raids destroying about 80 percent of the city's center, including most of the historic buildings.
The German city of Mainz was bombed in multiple air raids by the Allies during World War II by the Royal Air Force (RAF), as well as the United States Army Air Forces.

Germania Superior

Upper GermanyGermania PrimaSuperior
Mainz was founded by the Romans in the 1st Century BC during the Classical antiquity era, serving as a military fortress on the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire and as the provincial capital of Germania Superior.
Important cities were Besançon (Vesontio), Strasbourg (Argentoratum), Wiesbaden (Aquae Mattiacae), and Germania Superior's capital, Mainz (Mogontiacum).

Port of Mainz

ZollhafenWinterhafencontainer port hub
Today's huge container port hub allowing trimodal transport is located on the North Side of the town.
The Port of Mainz (or Mainzer Hafen in German) is the port of Mainz, Germany.

Frankfurt Rhine-Main

Frankfurt Rhine Main RegionRhine-MainFrankfurt Rhein-Main Region
Mainz is an independent city with a population of 206,628 (2015) and forms part of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region.
The metropolitan region is located in the central western part of Germany, and stretches over parts of three federal states: Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Bavaria, as well as the cities of Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Offenbach, Mainz, Darmstadt and Aschaffenburg.

Mainz Sand Dunes

Mombach Sand DunesUSAG Wiesbaden Military Training Area, Mainz
The Mainz Sand Dunes area is now a nature reserve with a unique landscape and rare steppe vegetation for this area.
The Mainz Sand Dunes (Großer Sand) are a small geological and botanical supra-region and important nature preserve in Mainz, Germany.

Main (river)

MainMain RiverRiver Main
The city is located on the Rhine river at its confluence with the Main river, opposite Wiesbaden on the border with Hesse. Mainz is located on the 50th latitude, on the left bank of the river Rhine, opposite the confluence of the Main with the Rhine.
It is not related to the name of the city Mainz (Latin: Moguntiacum).

Roman Theatre (Mainz)

former Roman theatreRoman Theatretheatre
Among the famous buildings were the largest theatre north of the Alps and a bridge across the Rhine.
The Roman Theatre in Mainz, Rhineland Palatinate (ancient Mogontiacum) was excavated in the late 1990s.

Trier

TrevesTrier, GermanyAugusta Treverorum
The way was open to the sack of Trier and the invasion of Gaul.
With an approximate population of 105,000, Trier is the fourth-largest city in its state, after Mainz, Ludwigshafen, and Koblenz.

Legio XXII Primigenia

twenty-second legionLegio XXII ''PrimigeniaXXII ''Primigenia
The castrum was the base of Legio XIV Gemina and XVI Gallica (AD 9–43), XXII Primigenia, IV Macedonica (43–70), I Adiutrix (70–88), XXI Rapax (70–89), and XIV Gemina (70–92), among others.
Founded in AD 39 by the emperor Caligula for use in his campaigns in Germania, the XXII Primigenia spent much of their time in Mogontiacum (modern Mainz) up to the end of the 3rd century.

Johannes Gutenberg

GutenbergJohann GutenbergJohannes Gutenburg
Mainz is famous as the home of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the movable-type printing press, who in the early 1450s manufactured his first books in the city, including the Gutenberg Bible.
Gutenberg was born in the German city of Mainz, the youngest son of the patrician merchant Friele Gensfleisch zur Laden, and his second wife, Else Wyrich, who was the daughter of a shopkeeper.

Legio XIV Gemina

XIV GeminaLegio XIV ''Geminafourteenth legion
The castrum was the base of Legio XIV Gemina and XVI Gallica (AD 9–43), XXII Primigenia, IV Macedonica (43–70), I Adiutrix (70–88), XXI Rapax (70–89), and XIV Gemina (70–92), among others.
Stationed in Moguntiacum, Germania Superior from AD 9, XIV Gemina Martia Victrix was one of four legions used by Aulus Plautius and Claudius in the Roman invasion of Britain in AD 43.

Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
Mainz became an important city in the 8th Century AD as part of the Holy Roman Empire, becoming the capital of the Electorate of Mainz and seat of the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz, the Primate of Germany.
A further important constitutional move at Roncaglia was the establishment of a new peace mechanism for the entire empire, the Landfrieden, with the first imperial one being issued in 1103 under Henry IV at Mainz.

Confluence

confluentconfluxsangam
The city is located on the Rhine river at its confluence with the Main river, opposite Wiesbaden on the border with Hesse.

Rando (king)

Rando
Alemanni forces under Rando sacked the city in 368.
In 368, Rando invaded the city Mogontiacum (modern Mainz), where the Christian festival was being celebrated (probably Easter or Pentecost).

Mainz Cathedral

MainzcathedralCathedral of Mainz
Other early archbishops of Mainz include Rabanus Maurus, the scholar and author, and Willigis (975–1011), who began construction on the current building of the Mainz Cathedral and founded the monastery of St. Stephan.
Mainz Cathedral or St. Martin's Cathedral (Mainzer Dom, Martinsdom or, officially, Der Hohe Dom zu Mainz) is located near the historical center and pedestrianized market square of the city of Mainz, Germany.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Mainz was founded by the Romans in the 1st Century BC during the Classical antiquity era, serving as a military fortress on the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire and as the provincial capital of Germania Superior.
As an example of the pace of communication, it took a messenger a minimum of nine days to travel to Rome from Mainz in the province of Germania Superior, even on a matter of urgency.

Saint Boniface

BonifaceSt. BonifaceSt Boniface
The first archbishop in Mainz, Boniface, was killed in 754 while trying to convert the Frisians to Christianity and is buried in Fulda.
He organised significant foundations of the Catholic Church in Germany and was made archbishop of Mainz by Pope Gregory III.

Navis lusoria

navis lusoriae
Remains of Roman troop ships (navis lusoria) and a patrol boat from the late 4th century were discovered in 1982/86 and may now be viewed in the Museum für Antike Schifffahrt.
The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus mentioned the navis lusoria in his writings, but not much about it could be learned until the discovery of such boats at Mainz, Germany in 1981–82.

Saint Alban's Abbey, Mainz

St. Alban's Abbey, MainzSt. Alban's AbbeySaint Alban's Abbey
Harald Klak, king of Jutland, his family and followers, were baptized at Mainz in 826, in the abbey of St. Alban's.
St. Alban's Abbey, Mainz (Stift St. Alban vor Mainz) originated as a Benedictine abbey, founded in 787 or 796 by Archbishop Richulf (787–813) in honour of Saint Alban of Mainz, located to the south of Mainz on the hill later called the Albansberg.

Hesse

HessenHessianHessia
The city is located on the Rhine river at its confluence with the Main river, opposite Wiesbaden on the border with Hesse.
Its larger towns include Mainz, Worms, Bingen, Alzey, Nieder-Olm, and Ingelheim.

Rhineland

RhenishRheinlandThe Rhineland
Mainz is located on the 50th latitude, on the left bank of the river Rhine, opposite the confluence of the Main with the Rhine.
Some of the larger cities in the Rhineland are Aachen, Bonn, Cologne, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Koblenz, Krefeld, Leverkusen, Mainz,

Crossing of the Rhine

crossed the Rhinecrossedcross the Rhine
From the last day of 405 or 406, the Siling and Asding Vandals, the Suebi, the Alans, and other Germanic tribes crossed the Rhine, possibly at Mainz.
The full statement of received opinion has been that "a mixed band of Vandals, Alans and Suebi crossed the Rhine at Mainz on December 31, 406, and began to ravage Gaul".

Rhine

Rhine RiverRiver RhineRhine Valley
The city is located on the Rhine river at its confluence with the Main river, opposite Wiesbaden on the border with Hesse.
A curiosity of this border line is that the parts of the city of Mainz on the right bank of the Rhine were given to Hesse by the occupying forces in 1945.