Maize

corncorn (maize)Zea mayscornfieldsmealieIndian cornmaize (corn)cornfieldmaize/cornSweet Corn
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after ), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.wikipedia
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Popcorn

Popcorn cerealpopping cornburnt popcorn
The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. The narrower meaning is usually indicated by some additional word, as in sweet corn, sweetcorn, corn on the cob, baby corn, the puffed confection known as popcorn and the breakfast cereal known as corn flakes.
Popcorn (popped corn, popcorns or pop-corn) is a variety of corn kernel, which expands and puffs up when heated.

Corn ethanol

cornconversion of crops to ethanolcorn based ethanol
However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other, such as corn starch and corn syrup.
Corn ethanol is ethanol produced from corn biomass and is the main source of ethanol fuel in the United States.

Dent corn

Nicholson Yellow Dent
The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
Dent corn also known as yellow dent corn, Reid's yellow dent corn, white dent corn, or field corn, is a variety of maize or corn with a high soft starch content.

Fruit

fruitsseed podfruiting
The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.
On the other hand, in botanical usage, "fruit" includes many structures that are not commonly called "fruits", such as bean pods, corn kernels, tomatoes, and wheat grains.

Flint corn

Indian cornflintmakai
The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
indurata; also known as Indian corn or sometimes calico corn) is a variant of maize, the same species as common corn.

Wheat

cornTriticumdwarf wheat
Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice.
In 2016, world production of wheat was 749 million tonnes, making it the second most-produced cereal after maize.

Genetically modified maize

genetically modified cornBt cornBt maize
Genetically modified maize made up 85% of the maize planted in the United States in 2009.
Genetically modified maize (corn) is a genetically modified crop.

Cornmeal

corn mealcorn flourmaize meal
Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks.
Cornmeal is a meal (coarse flour) ground from dried maize (corn).

Corn syrup

KaroKaro syrupglucose
However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other, such as corn starch and corn syrup.
Corn syrup is a food syrup which is made from the starch of corn (called maize in some countries) and contains varying amounts of maltose and higher oligosaccharides, depending on the grade.

Bourbon whiskey

bourbonbourbonsstraight bourbon
Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks.
Bourbon whiskey is a type of American whiskey, a barrel-aged distilled spirit made primarily from corn.

Masa

masa harinacorn flourmasa de maíz
Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks.
Masa is a corn dough or flour (masa harina) that has been soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution in the nixtamalization process.

Field corn

corn
Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks.
In North America, field corn is corn (Zea mays) grown for livestock fodder, ethanol, cereal and processed food products.

Nixtamalization

nixtamalizeda special processlime-treated
The Olmec and Maya cultivated maize in numerous varieties throughout Mesoamerica; they cooked, ground and processed it through nixtamalization.
Nixtamalization typically refers to a process for the preparation of maize (corn), or other grain, in which the corn is soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution, usually limewater (but sometimes wood ash lye ) washed, and then hulled.

Columbian exchange

occurred with the discovery of the New Worldintroducedadvent of new culinary elements
After the arrival of Europeans in 1492, Spanish settlers consumed maize and explorers and traders carried it back to Europe and introduced it to other countries.
Traders returned to Europe with maize, potatoes, and tomatoes, which became very important crops in Europe by the 18th century.

Flour corn

floury corn
The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
amylacea) is a variety of corn with a soft starchy endosperm and a thin pericarp.

Corn oil

corncorn oilscorn-oil
Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, various corn-based human food uses (including grinding into cornmeal or masa, pressing into corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey), and as chemical feedstocks.
Corn oil (maize oil) is oil extracted from the germ of corn (maize).

Staple food

staplestaplesstaple crop
Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice.
Staple foods are derived either from vegetables or animal products, and common staples include cereals (such as rice, wheat, maize, millet, or sorghum), starchy tubers or root vegetables (such as potatoes, cassava, sweet potatoes, yams, or taro), meat, fish, eggs, milk, and cheese.

Pod corn

corn pods
The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
Pod corn or wild maize is a variety of maize.

List of most valuable crops and livestock products

total production of maize surpassing
Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice.

Corn flakes

cornflakescorn flakeKellogg's Corn Flakes
The narrower meaning is usually indicated by some additional word, as in sweet corn, sweetcorn, corn on the cob, baby corn, the puffed confection known as popcorn and the breakfast cereal known as corn flakes.
Corn flakes, or cornflakes, are a breakfast cereal made by toasting flakes of corn (maize).

Cassava

maniocyucamandioca
Spanish settlers far preferred wheat bread to maize, cassava, or potatoes.
Cassava is the third-largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics, after rice and maize.

Animal feed

feedanimal feedscompound feed
However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other, such as corn starch and corn syrup.
The two most important feed grains are maize and soybean, and the United States is by far the largest exporter of both, averaging about half of the global maize trade and 40% of the global soya trade in the years leading up the 2012 drought.

Balsas River

BalsasAtoyac RiverMexcala River
Recent research in the early 21st century has modified this view somewhat; scholars now indicate the adjacent Balsas River Valley of south-central Mexico as the center of domestication.
The Balsas River valley was possibly one of the earliest maize growing sites in Mexico, dating from around 9200 years ago.

Starch

starcheswheat starchrice starch
A genetic variant that accumulates more sugar and less starch in the ear is consumed as a vegetable and is called sweet corn.
It is the most common carbohydrate in human diets and is contained in large amounts in staple foods like potatoes, wheat, maize (corn), rice, and cassava.

Seed

seedsseed coatkernel
The pericarp of the fruit is fused with the seed coat referred to as "caryopsis", typical of the grasses, and the entire kernel is often referred to as the "seed".
The term "seed" also has a general meaning that antedates the above – anything that can be sown, e.g. "seed" potatoes, "seeds" of corn or sunflower "seeds".