Majeerteen Sultanate

MajeerteenMigiurtiniaMajerteen SultanateMigiurtina
The Majeerteen Sultanate (Suldanadda Majeerteen, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa.wikipedia
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Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Ruled by Boqor Osman Mahamuud during its golden age, the sultanate controlled much of northern and central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Italy acquired full control of the northeastern, central and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo.

Osman Mahamuud

Osman MahamudBoqor Osman Mahamud
Ruled by Boqor Osman Mahamuud during its golden age, the sultanate controlled much of northern and central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
He led the Majeerteen Sultanate during its Golden Age in the 16th century.

Somalis

SomaliSomali peopleSomali clan
The Majeerteen Sultanate (Suldanadda Majeerteen, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa. The Majeerteen Sultanate was established around 1800 by Somalis from the Majeerteen Darod clan.
Majeerteen Sultanate was founded in the early-18th century.

Puntland

Puntland State of SomaliaGeography of PuntlandClimate of Puntland
Much of the Sultanate's former domain is today coextensive with the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.
The Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia) was founded in the mid-18th century.

Horn of Africa

HornSomali peninsulanortheastern Africa
The Majeerteen Sultanate (Suldanadda Majeerteen, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa.
The Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia) was another prominent Somali sultanate based in the Horn region.

Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Keenadid
Osman Mahamuud's Kingdom was under attack in the mid-19th century due to a power struggle between himself and his ambitious cousin, Yusuf Ali Kenadid.
Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, Yusuf Ali was one of the three prominent rulers of present-day Somalia at the turn of the 20th century.

Italian Somaliland

Italian SomaliaSomaliaSomaliland
In late 1889, Boqor Osman entered into a treaty with Italy, making his kingdom a protectorate known as Italian Somaliland.
Ruled in the 19th century by the Somali Majeerteen Sultanate and the Sultanate of Hobyo, the territory was later acquired in the 1880s by Italy through various treaties.

Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
With their assistance along with aid and weaponry from Boqor Osman, he managed to overpower the local Hawiye clans and establish the separate Sultanate of Hobyo (Obbia) in 1878.
It was established in 1870s by Yusuf Ali Kenadid, cousin of the Majeerteen Sultanate ruler Boqor Osman Mahamuud, after overpowering the local Hawiye clans.

Majeerteen

MajerteenIsmaan SultanateMajeerteen Sultanate
The Majeerteen Sultanate was established around 1800 by Somalis from the Majeerteen Darod clan.
Before the famous Majeerteen Sultanate there was the Sultanate of Amaanle (Abdirahman Awe) which was overthrown and overtaken by Osman Mahamuud who became the subsequent King and Sultan.

Darod

HartiDaroodAbsame
The Majeerteen Sultanate was established around 1800 by Somalis from the Majeerteen Darod clan.
Before many Darods began pushing southward in the mid-1850s, the Warsangali Sultanate governed the interior regions of Sanaag and Sool, while the Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo held steadfast in solidly established posts from Alula to Hobyo.

Cape Guardafui

FilukCape Guardafui LighthouseGardafuul
Due to consistent ship crashes along the northeastern Cape Guardafui headland, Boqor Osman's kingdom entered into an informal agreement with Britain, wherein the British agreed to pay the King annual subsidies to protect shipwrecked British crews and guard wrecks against plunder.
Due to the frequency of shipwrecks in the treacherous seas near Cape Guardafui, the British signed an agreement with sultan Osman Mahamuud of the Majeerteen Sultanate, which controlled much of the northeastern Somali seaboard during the 19th century.

Bargal

BaargaalBargaal
The Majeerteen Sultanate's main capital was at Alula, with its seasonal headquarters at Bargal.
Bargal was a seasonal capital of the Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia) in the pre-independence period.

Ali Yusuf Kenadid

Ali Yusuf
The polity was established in the 1870s on territory carved out of the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia).

Alula, Somalia

AlulaAluulaBandar Alula
The Majeerteen Sultanate's main capital was at Alula, with its seasonal headquarters at Bargal.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it served as the main capital of the Majeerteen Sultanate.

Monarch

kingSovereignkings
Various Somali Sultanates also existed, including the Adal Sultanate (led by the Walashma dynasty of the Ifat Sultanate), Sultanate of Mogadishu, Ajuran Sultanate, Warsangali Sultanate, Geledi Sultanate, Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo.

Murcanyo

Jebel MurcanyoBander Murcaayo
It likewise had a number of castles and forts in various areas within its realm, including a fortress at Murcanyo.
The town was at the time ruled by the Majeerteen Sultanate, which maintained a fort in the area.

Warsangali Sultanate

WarsangaliSultanate of Mohamoud Ali ShireWarsangeli Sultanate

Mohamoud Ali Shire

Sultan Mohamoud Ali ShireMahmoud Ali ShireMohamoud Ali Shirreh

List of Sunni dynasties

List of Sunni Muslim dynastiesIslamic sultanateList of Muslim dynasties

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
Due to consistent ship crashes along the northeastern Cape Guardafui headland, Boqor Osman's kingdom entered into an informal agreement with Britain, wherein the British agreed to pay the King annual subsidies to protect shipwrecked British crews and guard wrecks against plunder.

Yemen

Republic of YemenYemeniJemen
After almost five years of battle, the young upstart was terribly defeated and finally forced into exile in Yemen.

Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArab Peninsula
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Hadhramaut

HadramautHadramawtHadhramawt
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.

Musketeer

musketeersMousquetairearquebusiers
A decade later, in the 1870s, Kenadid returned from the Arabian Peninsula with a band of Hadhrami musketeers and a group of devoted lieutenants.