Major

chef de bataillonMaj.MajMaggioreBinbaşıMayorchef de bataillon (major)acting majorBrevet Majorchef de battalion
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.wikipedia
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Military rank

rankwar substantivetemporary
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
The other tribunes are called tribuni angusticlavii and are equivalent to staff officers in both senses of the term: of ranks major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, and with administrative duties.

Officer (armed forces)

officercommissionedofficers
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.
The IDF often sponsors the studies for its majors, while aircrew and naval officers obtain academic degrees as a part of their training programmes.

Commandant (rank)

CommandantComandanteCmdt
In some militaries, notably France and Ireland, the rank of major is referred to as commandant, while in others it is known as captain-major.
In the French, Spanish, Irish and Monegasque armed forces it is a rank equivalent to major.

Lieutenant colonel

lieutenant-colonelLt. Col.Lt. Colonel
When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain, and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Lieutenant colonel (pronounced Lef-ten-ent Kernel (UK & Commonwealth) or Loo-ten-ent Kernel (US)) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.

Battalion

battalionsinfantry battalionbattalion commander
Majors are typically assigned as specialised executive or operations officers for battalion-sized units of 300 to 1,200 soldiers.
Each company is commanded by a major, the officer commanding (OC), with a captain or senior lieutenant as second-in-command (2IC).

Field officer

field gradefield officersfield grade officer
It is considered the most junior of the field officer ranks.
In most armies this corresponds to the ranks of major, lieutenant colonel and colonel, or their equivalents.

Sergeant major

Command Sergeant Majorsergeant-majorCSM
When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including general-major or major general, denoting a low-level general officer, and sergeant major, denoting the most senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) of a military unit.
The older position became known as "sergeant major general" to distinguish it. Over time, the term sergeant was dropped from both titles, giving rise to the modern ranks of major and major general.

Captain (armed forces)

CaptaincaptainsCapt.
When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain, and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
In NATO countries, the rank of captain is described by the code OF-2 and is one rank above an OF-1 (lieutenant or first lieutenant) and one below an OF-3 (major or commandant).

New Jersey State Police

state policeNew Jersey state trooperNJ State Police
The rank of major is also used in some police forces and other paramilitary rank structures, such as the Pennsylvania State Police, New York State Police, New Jersey State Police, and several others.

Army

armiesground forcesland forces
When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain, and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Battalion: Each battalion is commanded by a colonel or sometimes by lieutenant colonel who commands roughly 500 to 750 soldiers. This number varies depending on the functionality of the regiment. A battalion comprises 3–5 companies (3 rifle companies, a fire support company and headquarters company) or its functional equivalent such as batteries (artillery) or squadrons (armour and cavalry), each under the command of a major. The company can be divided into platoons, each of which can again be divided into sections or squads. (Terminology is nationality and even unit specific.)

Tagmatarchis

Majortagmatarchestagmatarchēs
Tagmatarchis (Greece)
Tagmatarchis, in more archaic context transliterated as Tagmatarches (Ταγματάρχης, abbreviated as Τχης), anglicized as Tagmatarch, is used in the Greek language to mean "Major".

Commander

CdrCdr.commanders
The rank is equivalent to an inspector or commander in other large police departments or to the UK rank of superintendent.
In the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry commander is a rank equivalent to major.

New York State Police

State PoliceNew York State TrooperNew York State Troopers
The rank of major is also used in some police forces and other paramilitary rank structures, such as the Pennsylvania State Police, New York State Police, New Jersey State Police, and several others.

Commandant

comandanteKommandantCdt.
Majoor (the Netherlands)
In the French Army and French Air Force, the term commandant is used as a rank equivalent to major (NATO rank code OF-3).

Greek military ranks

Greece
Tagmatarchis (Greece)
A sergeant is known as a lochias. A tagmatarchis (major) commands a tagma (battalion) and so forth.

Sturmbannführer

SS-SturmbannführerMajorSS Major
Sturmbannführer (Schutzstaffel and paramilitary organisations of Nazi Germany)
Sturmbannführer (, "assault unit leader") was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank equivalent to major that was used in several Nazi organizations, such as the SA, SS, and the NSFK.

Major (Sweden)

MajorMajurimajors
Major (Sweden)
Holders of the rank Kapten and Löjtnant (with more than 11 years of service) were promoted to Major.

Binbashi

BinbaşıLieutenant colonelbimbaša
Binbaşı (Turkey)
Since the restructuring of the modern Turkish Army in 1934, Binbaşı means major; but in the Ottoman Army (and in the pre-1934 Turkish Army, during the early years of the Turkish Republic) the more correct equivalent of the Western rank "major" was Kolağası (senior captain), which ranked above Yüzbaşı (captain) and below Binbaşı.

Military

armed forcesdefensedefence
Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.

Major general

major-generalMaj. Gen.MG
When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including general-major or major general, denoting a low-level general officer, and sergeant major, denoting the most senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) of a military unit.