Major (academic)

majormajoringmajoredmajorsacademic majorcourseconcentrationcourse of studyacademic majorscourses
An academic major is the academic discipline to which an undergraduate student formally commits.wikipedia
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Course (education)

coursecourseselectives
An academic major typically requires completion of a combination of prescribed and elective courses in the chosen discipline.
In the United States, most universities implement a course numbering system where each course is identified by the name of the major (or an abbreviation thereof) followed by a 3- or 4-digit number − for example, CS 123.

Academic department

departmentdepartmentsacademic departments
An academic major is administered by select faculty in an academic department.
Undergraduate academic majors or degree programs are generally administered by departments, although there may also be interdisciplinary committees for subjects which touch more than one department.

Academic specialization

specializationspecialisationspecializations
In contrast, critics "claim that they promote intellectual tribalism, where specialization receives favor over the mastery of multiple epistemologies, where broader values of liberal learning and of campus unity are lost, and where innovation is inhibited due to parochial opposition to new sub-specialties and research methods."
In academia, specialization ([[American and British English spelling differences#-ise.2C_-ize_.28-isation.2C_-ization.29|or]] specialisation) may be a course of study or major at an academic institution or may refer to the field in which a specialist practices.

Minor (academic)

minorminorsacademic minor
At several art schools and liberal arts colleges, an academic concentration serves a similar function to an academic minor at other universities, that is an academic discipline outside of the student's academic major in which he or she takes a small number of classes.
As with a major, the college or university in question lays out a framework of required classes or class types a student must complete to earn the minor—although the latitude the student is given changes from college to college.

Grading in education

GPAgrade point averagegrades
For example, suppose that a school has minimum requirements are SATs of 1100 and a GPA of 3.0.
In order of importance, the remaining factors are choice of major, volunteering, choice of extracurricular activity, relevance of coursework, grade point average and the reputation of one's college.

Discipline (academia)

academic disciplinedisciplinesdiscipline
An academic major is the academic discipline to which an undergraduate student formally commits.

Postgraduate education

postgraduategraduate studentpost-graduate
A student who successfully completes all courses required for the major qualifies for a graduate degree. The word major is also sometimes used administratively to refer to the academic discipline pursued by a graduate student or postgraduate student in a master's or doctoral program.

Master's degree

mastermasters degreeMasters
The word major is also sometimes used administratively to refer to the academic discipline pursued by a graduate student or postgraduate student in a master's or doctoral program.

Curriculum

curriculacore curriculumcore
In addition, most colleges and universities require that all students take a general core curriculum in the liberal arts.

Liberal arts education

liberal artsliberal studiesArts
In addition, most colleges and universities require that all students take a general core curriculum in the liberal arts.

Academic year

school yearwinter breakChristmas break
Normally students are required to commit by the end of their second academic year at latest, and some schools even disallow students from declaring a major until this time.

Undergraduate degree

undergraduatefirst degreeundergraduate degrees
Before that, all students receiving an undergraduate degree would be required to study the same slate of courses geared at a comprehensive "liberal education".

Liberal education

liberalbroad educationLiberal Arts and Sciences
Before that, all students receiving an undergraduate degree would be required to study the same slate of courses geared at a comprehensive "liberal education".

University of Virginia

VirginiaUniversity of Virginia at CharlottesvilleThe University of Virginia
In 1825, the University of Virginia initiated an educational approach that would allow students to choose, from eight options, an area of focus (ex: ancient languages, anatomy, medicine) and higher educational systems in Europe after the American civil war developed further into a stricter specialization approach to studies.

Johns Hopkins University

Johns HopkinsThe Johns Hopkins UniversityJohns Hopkins Medical Institutions
In the United States, in the second half of the 19th century, concentrated foci at the undergraduate level began to prosper and popularize, but the familiar term "major" did not appear until 1877 in a Johns Hopkins University catalogue.

Bachelor's degree

bachelorbaccalaureatebachelor’s degree
From 1880 to 1910, Baccalaureate granting American institutions vastly embraced a free-elective system, where students were endowed with a greater freedom to explore intellectual curiosities.

American studies

AmericanistAmerican CivilizationNorth American studies
The 1930s witnessed the appearance of first interdisciplinary major: American studies.

Civil rights movement

American Civil Rights Movementcivil rightscivil rights era
(Civil Rights Movement spawned Women’s studies and Black Studies, for example.)

Women's studies

Women’s Studiesfeminist studieswomen
(Civil Rights Movement spawned Women’s studies and Black Studies, for example.)

Africana studies

Black StudiesAfricanaAfricology
(Civil Rights Movement spawned Women’s studies and Black Studies, for example.)

Interdisciplinarity

interdisciplinarymultidisciplinaryInterdisciplinary Studies
In the 1980s and 1990s, "interdisciplinary studies, multiculturalism, feminist pedagogy, and a renewed concern for the coherence and direction of the undergraduate program began to assail the Baccalaureate degree dominated by the academic major."

Multiculturalism

multiculturaldiversitycosmopolitan
In the 1980s and 1990s, "interdisciplinary studies, multiculturalism, feminist pedagogy, and a renewed concern for the coherence and direction of the undergraduate program began to assail the Baccalaureate degree dominated by the academic major."

Feminist pedagogy

feminist pedagogics
In the 1980s and 1990s, "interdisciplinary studies, multiculturalism, feminist pedagogy, and a renewed concern for the coherence and direction of the undergraduate program began to assail the Baccalaureate degree dominated by the academic major."

Undergraduate education

undergraduateundergraduatesundergraduate student
An academic major is the academic discipline to which an undergraduate student formally commits. In the 1980s and 1990s, "interdisciplinary studies, multiculturalism, feminist pedagogy, and a renewed concern for the coherence and direction of the undergraduate program began to assail the Baccalaureate degree dominated by the academic major."