Major film studio

major studiomajor studiosBig Sixmajor film studiosmajor Hollywood studiosmajormajor Hollywood studioBig Fivemini-major film studiocommercial
A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market.wikipedia
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Paramount Pictures

ParamountParamount StudiosParamount Home Entertainment
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later.
Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, and the sole member of the "Big Six" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood.

Warner Bros.

Warner Bros. PicturesWarner BrothersWarner Bros. Entertainment
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later.
Founded in 1923, it has operations in film, television and video games and is one of the "Big Six" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).

20th Century Fox

20th Century-FoxFoxFox Film Corporation
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later.
One of the "Big Six" major American film studios, it was formed from the merger of the Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Pictures in 1935, and is located in the Century City area of Los Angeles.

Walt Disney Studios (division)

Walt Disney StudiosThe Walt Disney StudiosDisney
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later.
The studio, best known for its multi-faceted film division, which is one of Hollywood's major film studios, is based at the eponymous Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.

Columbia Pictures

ColumbiaColumbia Pictures CorporationColumbia TriStar
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later.
It is one of the leading film studios in the world and is a member of the "Big Six" major American film studios.

Walt Disney Studios (Burbank)

Walt Disney StudiosDisney StudiosThe Walt Disney Studios
While the main studios of the Big Six are located within 15 miles of each other, Disney is the only one that has been owned by the same conglomerate since its founding and is also the sole member whose parent entity is still located near Los Angeles on Disney's studio lot and in the same building, whereas the five others were previously owned by many different companies years ago and now report to conglomerates that are respectively located elsewhere in Boston (Paramount), Dallas (Warner Bros.), New York City (Fox), Philadelphia (Universal), and Tokyo (Columbia); moreover, Disney and Columbia are the only ones whose parent companies are still headquartered near the Pacific Ocean.
The Studios are one of two major film studios that do not currently offer backlot tours to the general public, the other being 20th Century Fox.

RKO Pictures

RKO Radio PicturesRKORKO Radio
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) and RKO were the other two Golden Age "Big Five" majors, that exist today only as a mini-major and a small independent company.
In its original incarnation, as RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. (a subsidiary of Radio-Keith-Orpheum, aka: RKO) it was one of the Big Five studios of Hollywood's Golden Age.

Media conglomerate

media groupmedia conglomeratesbig media
In the American and international markets, the major film studios, often simply known as the majors, are commonly regarded as the six diversified media conglomerates whose various film production and distribution subsidiaries collectively command approximately 80–85% of U.S. box office revenue.

Universal City, California

Universal CityUniversalUniversal City, CA
Both Disney and Warner Bros. are located in Burbank and Universal is in the unincorporated area of Universal City.
Approximately 415 acres (1.7 km²) within and around the surrounding area is the property of Universal Pictures, one of the six major film studios in the United States: about 70 percent of the studio's property is inside this unincorporated area, while the remaining 30 percent is within the Los Angeles city limits.

Cinema of the United States

HollywoodAmericanUnited States
Since the dawn of filmmaking, the U.S. major film studios have dominated both American cinema and the global film industry.
The major film studios of Hollywood are the primary source of the most commercially successful and most ticket selling movies in the world, such as The Birth of a Nation (1915), Gone with the Wind (1939), The Sound of Music (1965), The Godfather (1972), Jaws (1975), Star Wars (1977), E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), Jurassic Park (1993), Titanic (1997), and Avatar (2009).

Film industry

FilmMotion picturesmovie industry
Since the dawn of filmmaking, the U.S. major film studios have dominated both American cinema and the global film industry.
However, four of the six major film studios are owned by East Coast companies.

Lionsgate Films

LionsgateLions Gate FilmsLionsgate UK
It is the largest and most successful mini-major film studio in North America.

Sony Pictures

SonySony Pictures EntertainmentSony Pictures Releasing
Most of today's Big Six also control subsidiaries with their own distribution networks that concentrate on arthouse pictures (e.g. Fox Searchlight Pictures) or genre films (e.g. Sony's Screen Gems); several of these specialty units were shut down or sold off between 2008 and 2010.
SPE is a member of the Big Six and the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).

Gaumont Film Company

GaumontGaumont PicturesGaumont Television
The Gaumont Film Company (, ; often shorted to Gaumont) is a French mini-major film studio founded by the engineer-turned-inventor Léon Gaumont (1864–1946), in 1895.

CBS Films

CBS Television Film Sales
CBS Films Inc. is an American film production and distribution company founded in 2007 as a subsidiary of CBS Corporation and is considered a mini-major studio.

Walt Disney Pictures

DisneyWalt Disney ProductionsWalt Disney Studios
Today, in conjunction with the other units of Walt Disney Studios, Walt Disney Pictures is regarded as one of Hollywood's "Big Six" film studios.

List of STX Entertainment films

STX EntertainmentSTX Films
It is one of the mini-major studios in the entertainment media today.

Relativity Media

RelativityRelativity TelevisionRelativity Music Group
Relativity Media - filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on July 30, 2015 Emerged from bankruptcy in 2016, only to re-file in May 2018, sold to UltraV Holdings
The studio was the third largest mini-major globally until bankruptcy on July 30, 2015.

Touchstone Pictures

TouchstoneTouchstone FilmsTouchstone Home Video
In late 2008, DreamWorks once again became an independent production company; its films were distributed by Disney's Touchstone Pictures until 2016, at which point distribution switched to Universal.
With the Touchstone movies, Disney moved to the top of box office receipts beating out all the other major film studios by 1988.

Artisan Entertainment

LIVE EntertainmentFamily Home EntertainmentInternational Video Entertainment
Artisan Entertainment - purchased in 2003 by Lions Gate Entertainment
It was considered one of the largest mini-major film studios until it was purchased by later mini-major film studio Lions Gate Entertainment in 2003.

Universal Pictures

UniversalUniversal StudiosUniversal Film Manufacturing Company
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later. PolyGram Filmed Entertainment - sold to Universal Studios in 1999
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film, and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios in terms of the overall film market.

Harvey Weinstein

HarveyWeinsteinHarvey Weinstien
The Weinstein Company was founded in late 2005 by brothers Harvey and Bob Weinstein after their departure from Miramax Films, which they had founded in 1979.
After leaving Miramax, Weinstein and his brother Bob founded The Weinstein Company, a mini-major film studio.

PolyGram Filmed Entertainment

PolyGramPolyGram PicturesPolyGram Video
PolyGram Filmed Entertainment - sold to Universal Studios in 1999
In 1991, PolyGram's Michael Kuhn became the head of PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, with US$200 million pumped in with the intention of developing a European film studio that could produce and distribute films internationally on a scale to match the major Hollywood studios.

Burbank, California

BurbankBurbank, CACity of Burbank
Both Disney and Warner Bros. are located in Burbank and Universal is in the unincorporated area of Universal City.
Disney is the only remaining major studio company to remain independent from a larger conglomerate and whose parent entity is still located in the Los Angeles area.

Miramax

Miramax FilmsMiramax Home EntertainmentMiramax Television
The Weinstein Company was founded in late 2005 by brothers Harvey and Bob Weinstein after their departure from Miramax Films, which they had founded in 1979. Miramax Films - owned by The Walt Disney Company from 1993 to 2010, sold to Filmyard Holdings from 2010, then to beIN Media Group in 2016
It was created to distribute independent films deemed commercially unfeasible by the major studios.