Major film studio

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A major film studio is a production and distribution company that releases a substantial number of films annually and consistently commands a significant share of box office revenue in a given market.wikipedia
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Film industry

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Since the dawn of filmmaking, the U.S. film studios have dominated both American cinema and the global film industry.
However, four of the six major film studios are owned by East Coast companies.

Warner Bros.

Warner BrothersWarner Bros. PicturesWarner Bros
Today, the Big Five majors – Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Paramount Pictures – routinely distribute hundreds of films every year into all significant international markets (that is, where discretionary income is high enough for consumers to afford to watch films).
Founded in 1923, it has operations in areas such as film, television, and video games and is one of the "Big Five" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association (MPA).

Cinema of the United States

HollywoodAmericanHollywood films
Since the dawn of filmmaking, the U.S. film studios have dominated both American cinema and the global film industry.
The major film studios of Hollywood are the primary source of the most commercially successful and most ticket selling movies in the world.

Walt Disney Pictures

DisneyWalt Disney ProductionsWalt Disney Studios
Today, the Big Five majors – Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Paramount Pictures – routinely distribute hundreds of films every year into all significant international markets (that is, where discretionary income is high enough for consumers to afford to watch films).
Today, in conjunction with the other units of Walt Disney Studios, Walt Disney Pictures is regarded as one of Hollywood's "Big Six" film studios along with sister studio 20th Century Fox.

Columbia Pictures

ColumbiaColumbia Pictures CorporationColumbia Studios
Today, the Big Five majors – Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Paramount Pictures – routinely distribute hundreds of films every year into all significant international markets (that is, where discretionary income is high enough for consumers to afford to watch films).
It is one of the leading film studios in the world and is a member of the "Big Five" major American film studios.

20th Century Fox

Twentieth Century Fox20th Century-FoxFox
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, RKO, and 20th Century Fox were the other three "Big Five" majors, that exist today only as a mini-major, a small independent company, and a subsidiary of Disney that brought the "Big Six" studios to an end, respectively.
For over 83 years, it has one of the "Big Six" major American film studios (along with sister company Walt Disney Pictures); formed from the merger of the Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Pictures in 1935.

Media conglomerate

media groupmedia conglomeratesbig media
In the American and international markets, the major film studios, often simply known as the majors, are commonly regarded as the five diversified media conglomerates whose various film production and distribution subsidiaries collectively command approximately 80–85% of U.S. box office revenue.

Sony Pictures

Sony Pictures EntertainmentSonyColumbia Tristar
Columbia produced and distributed films, was later bought by Sony along with Tri-Star Pictures, and later became part of the company Sony Pictures Entertainment, with Sony joining the "Big Five", 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros., NBC Universal, Walt Disney, and Paramount, to comprise the "Big Six" film studios.
SPE is a member of the Big Five and the Motion Picture Association (MPA).

Walt Disney Studios (Burbank)

Walt Disney StudiosDisney StudiosThe Walt Disney Studios
While the main studios of the Big Five are located within 15 miles of each other, Disney is the only studio that has been owned by the same conglomerate since its founding and was also the sole member whose parent entity is still located near Los Angeles on Disney's studio lot and in the same building, until 2019, when the company acquired 20th Century Fox.
Disney is the only major film studio out of the Big Five that does not currently offer regular tours of their studio lot to the general public.

RKO Pictures

RKO Radio PicturesRKORKO Studios
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, RKO, and 20th Century Fox were the other three "Big Five" majors, that exist today only as a mini-major, a small independent company, and a subsidiary of Disney that brought the "Big Six" studios to an end, respectively.
In its original incarnation, as RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. (a subsidiary of Radio-Keith-Orpheum, aka: RKO) it was one of the Big Five studios of Hollywood's Golden Age.

Walt Disney Studios (division)

Walt Disney StudiosThe Walt Disney StudiosDisney
The studio, one of the "Big Five" major film studios and best known for its multi-faceted film divisions, is based at the eponymous Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.

Universal City, California

Universal CityUniversal City, CAUniversal
Both Disney and Warner Bros. are located in Burbank and Universal is in the unincorporated area of Universal City.
Approximately 415 acres (1.7 km²) within and around the surrounding area is the property of Universal Pictures, one of the five major film studios in the United States: about 70 percent of the studio's property is inside this unincorporated area, while the remaining 30 percent is within the Los Angeles city limits.

Lionsgate Films

LionsgateLions Gate FilmsCinépix Film Properties
It is the largest and most successful mini-major film studio in North America.

DreamWorks Pictures

DreamWorksDreamWorks SKGDreamWorks Studios
From 1998 through 2005, DreamWorks SKG commanded a large enough market share to arguably qualify it as a seventh major, despite its relatively small output. The most important contenders to emerge during the 1990s, New Line Cinema, Miramax, and DreamWorks SKG, were likewise sooner or later brought into the majors' fold, though DreamWorks and Miramax are now independent again.
Usually, the company would film in a soundstage or set in a major studio.

Relativity Media

RelativityREALRelativityRelativity Television
Universal sold off its genre specialty division, Rogue Pictures, to Relativity Media in 2009.
The studio was the third largest mini-major globally until bankruptcy on July 30, 2015.

Artisan Entertainment

LIVE EntertainmentFamily Home EntertainmentInternational Video Entertainment
(The company is unrelated to Lion's Gate Films, the Los Angeles–based production company run by filmmaker Robert Altman in the 1970s.) In 2003, the company doubled in size with the acquisition of Artisan Entertainment.
It was considered one of the largest mini-major film studios until it was purchased by later mini-major film studio Lions Gate Entertainment in 2003.

Universal Pictures

Universal StudiosUniversalUniversal Film Manufacturing Company
Today, the Big Five majors – Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Paramount Pictures – routinely distribute hundreds of films every year into all significant international markets (that is, where discretionary income is high enough for consumers to afford to watch films).
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States; the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film; and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market.

Touchstone Pictures

TouchstoneTouchstone FilmsTouchstone Home Video
In late 2008, DreamWorks once again became an independent production company; its films were distributed by Disney's Touchstone Pictures until 2016, at which point distribution switched to Universal.
With the Touchstone movies, Disney moved to the top of box office receipts beating out all the other major film studios by 1988.

CBS Films

CBS Television Film SalesSTX Entertainment
CBS Films Inc. was an American film production and distribution company founded in 2007 as a subsidiary of CBS Corporation and was considered a mini-major studio.

Miramax

Miramax FilmsMiramax Home EntertainmentMiramax Television
The most important contenders to emerge during the 1990s, New Line Cinema, Miramax, and DreamWorks SKG, were likewise sooner or later brought into the majors' fold, though DreamWorks and Miramax are now independent again.
It was created to distribute independent films deemed commercially unfeasible by the major studios.

PolyGram Filmed Entertainment

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In 1991, PolyGram's Michael Kuhn became the head of PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, with US$200 million pumped in with the intention of developing a European film studio that could produce and distribute films internationally on a scale to match the major Hollywood studios.

Burbank, California

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Both Disney and Warner Bros. are located in Burbank and Universal is in the unincorporated area of Universal City.
Disney is the only remaining major studio company to remain independent from a larger conglomerate and whose parent entity is still located in the Los Angeles area.

Acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney

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On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company (which its division, The Walt Disney Studios owns a numerous studio units including a major film studio, Walt Disney Pictures) announced its intent to acquire a key assets of 21st Century Fox (which includes another major film studio, 20th Century Fox along with Fox Searchlight Pictures and Blue Sky Studios).
As both Disney and Fox produce films and television series, the deal reduced the number of major film studios in Hollywood from six to five.

The Walt Disney Company

DisneyWalt Disney ProductionsWalt Disney
In 1954, the company—now Walt Disney Productions—established Buena Vista Film Distribution to handle its own product, which had been distributed for years by various majors, primarily United Artists and then RKO.
On August 9, 2002, Disney said it was expressing great interest in buying Universal Studios whose parent company Vivendi started a bidding war after inheriting $17.9 billion in debt by its purchase of the famed major film studio from Seagram for $34 billion.

B movie

B-movieB-moviesB movies
Most of today's Big Five also control subsidiaries with their own distribution networks that concentrate on arthouse pictures (e.g. Disney's Fox Searchlight Pictures) or genre films (e.g. Sony's Screen Gems); several of these specialty units were shut down or sold off between 2008 and 2010.
In 1927–28, at the end of the silent era, the production cost of an average feature from a major Hollywood studio ranged from $190,000 at Fox to $275,000 at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.