Major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada

Cricket is a popular team sport played at international level.

The major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada are the highest professional competitions of team sports in those countries.

- Major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada

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Promotion and relegation

Process where teams are transferred between multiple divisions based on their performance for the completed season.

Luton Town F.C. have played in all fully professional divisions of the English football league system (plus the highest tier in the non-league system). Their history shows how teams can move quickly between the levels through successive promotions or relegations.
Södertälje SK-Leksands IF during a 2007 Kvalserien game.
SV Darmstadt 98 fans celebrated promotion to the German Bundesliga in 2015.
... while Preston North End fans mourned relegation to English League One in 2011.

This maintains the same teams from year to year, with occasional admission of expansion teams and relocation of existing teams, and with no team movement between the major league and minor leagues.

National Basketball Association

Professional basketball league in North America.

Bill Russell defending against Wilt Chamberlain in 1966.
Michael Jordan goes to the basket for a slam dunk in 1987.
Kobe Bryant defending LeBron James in a February 2016 game between the Los Angeles Lakers and the Cleveland Cavaliers
Bill Russell defending against Wilt Chamberlain in 1966.

The league is composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada) and is one of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

Relocation of professional sports teams

Relocation of professional sports teams occurs when a team owner moves a team, generally from one metropolitan area to another, but occasionally between municipalities in the same conurbation.

Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night. Long Island extends to the east of the central core of Manhattan.

The practice is most common in North America, where a league franchise system is used and the teams are overwhelmingly privately owned.

American Basketball Association

Major men's professional basketball league from 1967 to 1976.

Logo of the ABA

The ABA was conceived at a time stretching from 1960 through the mid-1970s when numerous upstart leagues were challenging, with varying degrees of success, the established major professional sports leagues in the United States.

AFL–NFL merger

The merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States at the time: the National Football League and the American Football League (AFL).

AFL and NFL teams at the time of the 1970 merger. Following the merger, all ten former AFL teams as well as Pittsburgh, Cleveland, and Baltimore from the pre-merger NFL joined the AFC. All thirteen remaining NFL teams joined the NFC.

It paved the way for the combined league, which retained the "National Football League" name and logo, to become the most popular sports league in the United States.

National Hockey League

Professional ice hockey league in North America comprising 32 teams—25 in the United States and 7 in Canada.

The Stanley Cup in 1930, several years after it became the de facto championship trophy for the NHL
A game between the Montreal Canadiens and the New York Rangers in 1962
NHL logo used from 1946 until 2005
New Jersey Devils goaltender Martin Brodeur (top left) positions himself along the net during a 2008 game against the Boston Bruins. Brodeur's exploits led the NHL in 2005 to delineate the trapezoidal area behind the net to limit where the goaltender can legally play the puck behind the goal line
The 2017 NHL Entry Draft
The Stanley Cup, on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame, is awarded annually to the league champion.
Logos of corporate sponsors are visible on the boards and ice in an NHL hockey rink.
Members of the media interviewing players on ice after a game in 2009
The NHL Network's television panel at the 2019 NHL Entry Draft at Rogers Arena in Vancouver
Challenge Cup Trophy for the 1979 Challenge Cup series between NHL All Stars and the Soviet national team.

It is considered to be the top ranked professional ice hockey league in the world, and is one of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

National Football League

Professional American football league that consists of 32 teams, divided equally between the American Football Conference (AFC) and the National Football Conference (NFC).

The Akron Pros won the first APFA (NFL) Championship in 1920.
NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell
The seeding bracket for the NFL playoffs through the 2019 NFL season
Jaguars' quarterback Trevor Lawrence, the first overall draft pick in the 2021 NFL Draft

The NFL is one of the major North American professional sports leagues and the highest professional level of American football in the world.

Sports league

Group of sports teams or individual athletes that compete against each other and gain points in a specific sport.

two teams, yellow and green, compete in an association football match

There is no team movement between the higher major league and the lower minor leagues.

Colorado Avalanche

The Colorado Avalanche (colloquially known as the Avs) are a professional ice hockey team based in Denver.

Quebec Nordiques practicing prior to a game in the season. The Avalanche previously played as the Nordiques from 1972 to 1995.
Patrick Roy played for the Avalanche from 1995 to 2003.
In 1997, the Avalanche matched an offer sheet on Joe Sakic, instigating salary raises throughout the NHL.
The Pepsi Center opened as the Avalanche's new home arena in 1999.
The engraved names of the 2001 Stanley Cup champions, the Colorado Avalanche.
The Avalanche signed Ryan Smyth prior to the 2007–08 season.
Members of the Avalanche celebrate a win against the Vancouver Canucks, clinching the eighth and final Western Conference seed for the 2010 Stanley Cup playoffs.
Gabriel Landeskog during his rookie season. Landeskog was selected second overall in the 2011 NHL Entry Draft.
The Avalanche played the Ottawa Senators twice in November 2017, at the Ericsson Globe in Sweden.
From 1995 to 2015, the Avalanche's alternate logo was the foot of a Yeti.
Adam Foote was the team captain for the Avalanche from 2009 to 2011.
Three of the six banners for numbers retired by the Colorado Avalanche hanging at Ball Arena.
Scoring 805 points as an Avalanche, Milan Hejduk is the franchise's fourth highest all-time points leader.
Recording 86 assists, Peter Forsberg holds the Avalanche's franchise record for most assists in a single season.

Among teams in the major North American professional sports leagues, only the National Football League (NFL)'s 1937 Washington Redskins have also accomplished the feat.

Vegas Golden Knights

The Vegas Golden Knights are a professional ice hockey team based in the Las Vegas metropolitan area.

Gerard Gallant was the team's first head coach (shown during their inaugural 2017–18 season). He coached the team until 2020.
The team's secondary logo
The team's mascot is a Gila monster named Chance.
Jonathan Marchessault leads the franchise all-time in goals, assists and points.

The team became the first major professional sports franchise to be based in Las Vegas, and the first NHL expansion team since 2000.