Makemake

136472 Makemake2005 FY 9 Make- make
Makemake (minor-planet designation 136472 Makemake) is a likely dwarf planet and perhaps the second largest Kuiper belt object in the classical population, with a diameter approximately two-thirds that of Pluto.wikipedia
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Natural satellite

moonmoonssatellite
Makemake has one known satellite, S/2015 (136472) 1.
Four IAU-listed dwarf planets are also known to have natural satellites: Pluto, Haumea, Makemake, and Eris.

Kuiper belt

Kuiper belt objectKuiper belt objectsKuiper cliff
Makemake (minor-planet designation 136472 Makemake) is a likely dwarf planet and perhaps the second largest Kuiper belt object in the classical population, with a diameter approximately two-thirds that of Pluto. Makemake is currently visually the second-brightest Kuiper belt object after Pluto, having a March opposition apparent magnitude of 17.0 it will pass from its present constellation Coma Berenices to Boötes in December 2027.
The Kuiper belt is home to three officially recognized dwarf planets: Pluto, Haumea and Makemake.

S/2015 (136472) 1

1a moonmoon
Makemake has one known satellite, S/2015 (136472) 1.
S/2015 (136472) 1, nicknamed MK2 by the discovery team, is the only known moon of the dwarf planet Makemake.

Rapa Nui people

RapanuiRapa NuiRapa-Nui
In July 2008 it was named after Makemake, the creator god of the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island, under the expectation by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) that it would prove to be a dwarf planet.
The trans-Neptunian dwarf planet Makemake is named after this creator deity.

Dwarf planet

dwarf planetsList of dwarf planetsplanet
Makemake (minor-planet designation 136472 Makemake) is a likely dwarf planet and perhaps the second largest Kuiper belt object in the classical population, with a diameter approximately two-thirds that of Pluto.

Michael E. Brown

Michael BrownMike BrownM. E. Brown
Makemake was discovered on March 31, 2005, by a team led by Michael E. Brown, and announced on July 29, 2005. Makemake was discovered on March 31, 2005, by a team at the Palomar Observatory, led by Michael E. Brown, and was announced to the public on July 29, 2005.

Trans-Neptunian object

TNOtrans-Neptunian objectscolor indices
Tombaugh continued searching for some years after the discovery of Pluto, but he did not find Makemake or any other trans-Neptunian objects.
Members of the classical Edgeworth-Kuiper belt include 15760 Albion, 50000 Quaoar and Makemake.

Makemake (deity)

MakemakeMake-makeMakemake (mythology)
In July 2008 it was named after Makemake, the creator god of the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island, under the expectation by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) that it would prove to be a dwarf planet.
The trans-Neptunian dwarf planet Makemake is so named because both the planet and the island are connected to Easter; the planet was discovered shortly after Easter 2005, and the first European contact with Easter Island was on Easter Sunday 1722.

Orbital eccentricity

eccentricityeccentriceccentricities
Makemake follows an orbit very similar to that of : highly inclined at 29° and a moderate eccentricity of about 0.16.

Precovery

precoveriesprecoveredPrediscovery
Precovery images have been identified back to January 29, 1955.

Apsis

perigeeperihelionapogee
Nevertheless, Makemake's orbit is slightly farther from the Sun in terms of both the semi-major axis and perihelion.

Apparent magnitude

apparent visual magnitudemagnitudevisual magnitude
Makemake is currently visually the second-brightest Kuiper belt object after Pluto, having a March opposition apparent magnitude of 17.0 it will pass from its present constellation Coma Berenices to Boötes in December 2027.

Classical Kuiper belt object

cubewanocoldhot
Makemake (minor-planet designation 136472 Makemake) is a likely dwarf planet and perhaps the second largest Kuiper belt object in the classical population, with a diameter approximately two-thirds that of Pluto.
Dwarf planet Makemake is such a borderline classical cubewano/scatnear object.

Tholin

tholinsdark, reddish materialorganics
In addition to methane, large amounts of ethane and tholins as well as smaller amounts of ethylene, acetylene and high-mass alkanes (like propane) may be present, most likely created by photolysis of methane by solar radiation.
Makemake exhibits methane, large amounts of ethane and tholins, as well as smaller amounts of ethylene, acetylene and high-mass alkanes may be present, most likely created by photolysis of methane by solar radiation.

Clearing the neighbourhood

cleared the neighborhoodcleared its neighborhoodcleared their neighbourhoods

David L. Rabinowitz

D. L. RabinowitzDavid RabinowitzD. Rabinowitz

Chad Trujillo

Minor planet designation

numberednumberingminor planet number
Makemake (minor-planet designation 136472 Makemake) is a likely dwarf planet and perhaps the second largest Kuiper belt object in the classical population, with a diameter approximately two-thirds that of Pluto.

Pluto

134340 Pluto(134340) Plutoescaped moon of Neptune
Makemake (minor-planet designation 136472 Makemake) is a likely dwarf planet and perhaps the second largest Kuiper belt object in the classical population, with a diameter approximately two-thirds that of Pluto. Makemake is currently visually the second-brightest Kuiper belt object after Pluto, having a March opposition apparent magnitude of 17.0 it will pass from its present constellation Coma Berenices to Boötes in December 2027.

Methane

methane gasCH 4 liquid methane
Makemake's extremely low average temperature, about 40 K, means its surface is covered with methane, ethane, and possibly nitrogen ices.

Ethane

C 2 H 6 dimethyldicarbon hexahydride
In addition to methane, large amounts of ethane and tholins as well as smaller amounts of ethylene, acetylene and high-mass alkanes (like propane) may be present, most likely created by photolysis of methane by solar radiation. Makemake's extremely low average temperature, about 40 K, means its surface is covered with methane, ethane, and possibly nitrogen ices.

Solid nitrogen

nitrogen icenitrogenCubic gauche nitrogen
Makemake's extremely low average temperature, about 40 K, means its surface is covered with methane, ethane, and possibly nitrogen ices.

Easter Island

Rapa NuiIsla de PascuaEaster
In July 2008 it was named after Makemake, the creator god of the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island, under the expectation by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) that it would prove to be a dwarf planet.

International Astronomical Union

IAUWorking Group for Planetary System NomenclatureInternational Astronomical Union (IAU)
In July 2008 it was named after Makemake, the creator god of the Rapa Nui people of Easter Island, under the expectation by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) that it would prove to be a dwarf planet.

Palomar Observatory

PalomarMount Palomar ObservatoryPalomar Obs.
Makemake was discovered on March 31, 2005, by a team at the Palomar Observatory, led by Michael E. Brown, and was announced to the public on July 29, 2005.