Malawi

Republic of MalawiMalawianMalaŵiMWNyasaland Malawi Culture of MalawiMalawi, AfricaMWIReligion in Malawi
Malawi (, or ; or [maláwi] ), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.wikipedia
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Mozambique

MozambicanMoçambiqueRepublic of Mozambique
It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique, ; Mozambiki; Msumbiji; Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.

Zambia

ZambianRepublic of ZambiaNorthern Rhodesia
It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. By 1500 AD, the tribes had established the Kingdom of Maravi that reached from north of what is now Nkhotakota to the Zambezi River and from Lake Malawi to the Luangwa River in what is now Zambia.
Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west.

Tanzania

TanzanianUnited Republic of TanzaniaRepublic of Tanzania
It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west.
It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands at the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.

Nyasaland

Nyasaland ProtectorateChief Justice of NyasalandNyassaland
Malawi (, or ; or [maláwi] ), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.
After the Federation was dissolved, Nyasaland became independent from Britain on 6 July 1964 and was renamed Malawi.

Blantyre

Blantyre, MalawiBlantyre, NyasalandBalntyre
Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third largest is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba. As the result of Livingstone's visit, several Anglican and Presbyterian missions were established in the area in the 1860s and 1870s, the African Lakes Company Limited was established in 1878 to set up a trade and transport concern working closely with the missions, and a small mission and trading settlement was established at Blantyre in 1876 and a British Consul took up residence there in 1883.
Blantyre is Malawi's centre of finance and commerce, and its second largest city, with an enumerated 800,264 inhabitants.

Zomba, Malawi

Zombacity of ZombaZomba Gymkhana
Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third largest is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba.
Zomba is a city in southern Malawi, in the Shire Highlands.

Lilongwe

Lilongwe, MalawiCapital of Malawihistory
Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third largest is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba.
Lilongwe is the capital and most populated city of the African state of Malawi.

Mzuzu

Kaningina
Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third largest is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba.
Mzuzu is the capital of Malawi's Northern Region and is the third largest city, by population, in Malawi.

Maravi

Maravi EmpireMaravi Kingdom
The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. By 1500 AD, the tribes had established the Kingdom of Maravi that reached from north of what is now Nkhotakota to the Zambezi River and from Lake Malawi to the Luangwa River in what is now Zambia.
The present-day name "Maláŵi" is said to derive from the Chichewa word "malaŵí", which means "flames".

Hastings Banda

Hastings Kamuzu BandaKamuzu BandaBanda
Upon gaining independence it became a totalitarian one-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994.
Hastings Kamuzu Banda (15 February 1898 – 25 November 1997) was the prime minister and later president of Malawi from 1964 to 1994 (for the first year of his rule as it achieved independence in 1964, Malawi was the British protectorate of Nyasaland).

Malawian Defence Force

Military of MalawiMalawi ArmyMalawi Rifles
The country has a Malawian Defence Force that includes an army, a navy and an air wing.
The Malawian Defence Force is the state military organisation responsible for defending Malawi.

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

Central African FederationRhodesia and NyasalandRhodesia
In 1953 Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, a protectorate of the United Kingdom, became a protectorate within the semi-independent Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
In 1964, shortly after the dissolution, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland became independent under the names Zambia and Malawi, respectively.

President of Malawi

PresidentPresident for Life of MalawiMalawi (President)
Upon gaining independence it became a totalitarian one-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994.
The President of the Republic of Malawi is the head of state and head of government of Malawi.

Politics of Malawi

Government of MalawiMalawi governmentgovernment
Malawi now has a democratic, multi-party government headed by an elected president, currently Peter Mutharika.
There is a cabinet of Malawi that is appointed by the President of Malawi.

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

COMESACommon Market of East and Southern AfricaCommon Market for East and Southern Africa
Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Western and includes positive diplomatic relations with most countries and participation in several international organisations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the African Union (AU).
Nine of the member states formed a free trade area in 2000 (Djibouti, Egypt, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe), with Rwanda and Burundi joining the FTA in 2004, the Comoros and Libya in 2006, Seychelles in 2009 and Tunisia and Somalia in 2018.

British Central Africa Protectorate

British Central AfricaBritish CommissionerBritish Commissioner for Central Africa
In 1889, a British protectorate was proclaimed over the Shire Highlands, which was extended in 1891 to include the whole of present-day Malawi as the British Central Africa Protectorate.
The British Central Africa Protectorate (BCA) was a British protectorate proclaimed in 1889 and ratified in 1891 that occupied the same area as present-day Malawi: it was renamed Nyasaland in 1907.

Economy of Malawi

Malawieconomic progresseconomy
The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population.
Malawi's dependence on tobacco is growing, with the product jumping from 53% to 70% of export revenues between 2007 and 2008.

Shire Highlands

Shire
Missionary and explorer David Livingstone reached Lake Malawi (then Lake Nyasa) in 1859 and identified the Shire Highlands south of the lake as an area suitable for European settlement.
The Shire Highlands are a plateau in southern Malawi, located east of the Shire River.

Nkhotakota

Kota kota
By 1500 AD, the tribes had established the Kingdom of Maravi that reached from north of what is now Nkhotakota to the Zambezi River and from Lake Malawi to the Luangwa River in what is now Zambia.
Nkhotakota (Un-kho-tah-kho-tuh) (formerly Kota Kota) (name derived from the Chichewa for "Corner Corner") is a town and one of the districts in the Central Region of Malawi.

African Lakes Corporation

African Lakes CompanyAfrican LakesLivingstonia Central Africa Company
As the result of Livingstone's visit, several Anglican and Presbyterian missions were established in the area in the 1860s and 1870s, the African Lakes Company Limited was established in 1878 to set up a trade and transport concern working closely with the missions, and a small mission and trading settlement was established at Blantyre in 1876 and a British Consul took up residence there in 1883.
The African Lakes Corporation plc was a British company originally set-up in 1877 by Scottish businessmen to co-operate with Presbyterian missions in what is now Malawi.

Luangwa River

Luangwa ValleyLuangwaLuangwa Rift Valley
By 1500 AD, the tribes had established the Kingdom of Maravi that reached from north of what is now Nkhotakota to the Zambezi River and from Lake Malawi to the Luangwa River in what is now Zambia.
The Luangwa rises in the Lilonda and Mafinga Hills in north-east Zambia at an elevation of around 1500 m, near the border with Tanzania and Malawi, and flows in a southwesterly direction through a broad valley.

2009 Malawian general election

2009 election20092009 general election
Multiparty parliamentary and presidential elections were held for the fourth time in Malawi in May 2009, and President Mutharika was successfully re-elected, despite charges of election fraud from his rival.
General elections were held in Malawi on 19 May 2009.

Bingu wa Mutharika

Bingu MutharikaMutharikaDr. Bingu wa Mutharika
Re-elected in 1999, Muluzi remained president until 2004, when Dr. Bingu wa Mutharika was elected.
Bingu wa Mutharika ) (born Brightson Webster Ryson Thom; 24 February 1934 – 5 April 2012) was a Malawian politician and economist who was President of Malawi from May 2004 until his death in April 2012.

Socialist League of Malawi

LESOMA
Opposition parties, including the Malawi Freedom Movement of Orton Chirwa and the Socialist League of Malawi, were founded in exile.
Its then self-declared goals were to re-establish the honor of Malawi, its legitimate place in the Organisation of African Unity and in the United Nations and especially to secure that Malawi would play an active role in the advancement of the African revolution and international solidarity.

2011 Malawian protests

2011 Malawi protests2011 economic protests in Malawi in JulyJuly protests
President Mutharika was seen by some as increasingly autocratic and dismissive of human rights, and in July 2011 protests over high costs of living, devolving foreign relations, poor governance and a lack of foreign exchange reserves erupted.
The 2011 Malawi protests were protests aimed at winning political and economic reforms or concessions from the government of Malawi.