Malayalam

Malayalam languageMalayalam-languageMalayalam–languageമലയാളംMalayalimalMalaylanguageMalayalam old Malayalam
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people.wikipedia
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Kerala

Kerala stateKerala, Indiastate of Kerala
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people. 'Kola' is the expression attested in most of the panchayats in the Palakkad, Ernakulam and Thiruvananthapuram districts of Kerala, whereas 'kolachil' occurs most predominantly in Kannur and Kochi and 'klannil' in Alappuzha and Kollam.
It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions.

Lakshadweep

Lakshadweep IslandsLaccadivesUnion Territory of Lakshadweep
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people.
Lakshadweep means "one hundred thousand islands" in Sanskrit and Malayalam.

Malayali

MalayaleeKeraliteMalayalis
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people.
They are identified as native speakers of the Malayalam language.

Karnataka

Karnataka StateKarnataka, IndiaKarnatka
Malayalam is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the neighbouring states; with significant number of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
Kannada, one of the classical languages of India, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state alongside Urdu, Konkani, Marathi, Tulu, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kodava and Beary.

Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan

Thunchaththu Ramanujan EzhuthachanEzhuthachanThunchath Ezhuthachan
Designated a "Classical Language in India" in 2013, it developed into the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century.
Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachan was a Malayalam devotional poet and linguist from around the sixteenth century.

Malayalam script

MalayalamMalayalam alphabet
The current Malayalam script is based on the Vatteluttu script, which was extended with Grantha script letters to adopt Indo-Aryan loanwords.
Malayalam script ( / Malayalam: മലയാളലിപി) is a Brahmic script used commonly to write the Malayalam language, which is the principal language of Kerala, India, spoken by 35 million people in the world.

Mahé, India

MahéMaheMahe, Pondicherry
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people.
The name Mahé derives from Mayyazhi, the name given to the local river and region in the Malayalam language.

Languages of India

Indian languagesIndianregional languages of India
Designated a "Classical Language in India" in 2013, it developed into the current form mainly by the influence of the poet Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan in the 16th century.
In addition, the Government of India has awarded the distinction of classical language to Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Sanskrit, Tamil and Telugu.

Varthamanappusthakam

Varthamana PusthakamVarthamanapusthakam
The first travelogue in any Indian language is the Malayalam Varthamanappusthakam, written by Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar in 1785.
Varthamanappusthakam is a Malayalam travelogue written by Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar, a Syriac Christian priest.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
One view holds that Malayalam and modern Tamil are offshoots of Middle Tamil and separated from it sometime after the c.
The closest major relative of Tamil is Malayalam; the two began diverging around the 9th century AD.

Kolezhuthu

Kolezhuttu
The earliest script used to write Malayalam was the Vatteluttu alphabet, and later the Kolezhuttu, which derived from it. Itty Achudan, the famed Ayurvedic physician, used Malayanma and Kolezhuttu to write Hortus Malabaricus in 1678 (which was translated into Latin).
It was mainly used to write Malayalam language and Tamil language particularly during the former's infancy, along with Vatteluttu alphabet.

Languages with official status in India

official languages of Indiaofficial languagesEighth Schedule
It is one of 22 scheduled languages of India spoken by nearly 2.88% of Indians.

Coimbatore district

CoimbatoreCoimbatore RuralCoimbatore Rural District
Malayalam is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the neighbouring states; with significant number of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
Tamil is the principal official language and Kongu Tamil, a variant of Tamil and English are widely spoken with a small proportion speaking Malayalam, and Kannada.

Dakshina Kannada

Dakshina Kannada districtDakshin KannadaKrishnapura
Malayalam is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the neighbouring states; with significant number of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
The major languages spoken in Dakshina Kannada are Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, Are Bhashe, Deccani Urdu, Beary Bhashe, Havyaka and Malayalam.

Puducherry

PondicherryPondichéryUnion Territory of Puducherry
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people.
Through the 1963 Union Territories Act, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam became official languages used region-wise.

Hermann Gundert

Dr. Hermann GundertHerman GundertGundert
In 1848, Hermann Gundert published the first ever Malayalam newspaper called Rajyasamacharam from Thalassery.
Gundert compiled a Malayalam grammar book, Malayalabhaasha Vyakaranam (1859), in which he developed and constricted the grammar spoken by the Keralites, nowadays; a Malayalam-English dictionary (1872), and contributed to work on Bible translations into Malayalam.

Rajyasamacharam

In 1848, Hermann Gundert published the first ever Malayalam newspaper called Rajyasamacharam from Thalassery.
Rajyasamacharam or Rajya Samacharam is the first Malayalam journal published in Kerala, started in June 1847.

Thrissur

TrichurThrissur CityTrissur
'Kozhinnul' and 'kulannilu' are the forms most common in Trissur Idukki and Kottayam respectively.
The name Thrissur (Malayalam: തൃശ്ശൂര്‍) is a shortened form Malayalam word Thiru-Shiva-Per-Ur (Malayalam: തിരു-ശിവ-പേര്-ഊര്, Lord-Shiva-Name-Town) literally translates to 'A Big City or Town with the three places of worship of the "Lord Shiva"'.

Idukki district

IdukkiIdukki Reservoir
'Kozhinnul' and 'kulannilu' are the forms most common in Trissur Idukki and Kottayam respectively.
The name of the district is derived from the Tamil and Malayalam word Idukku, meaning narrow gorge.

Alappuzha

AlleppeyAlapuzhaAllepey
'Kola' is the expression attested in most of the panchayats in the Palakkad, Ernakulam and Thiruvananthapuram districts of Kerala, whereas 'kolachil' occurs most predominantly in Kannur and Kochi and 'klannil' in Alappuzha and Kollam.
In Alappuzha, Malayalam is the most spoken language.

Saint Thomas Christians

Syrian ChristianSaint Thomas ChristianSyrian Malabar Nasrani
The salient features of many varieties of tribal speech (e.g., the speech of Muthuvans, Malayarayas, Malai Ulladas, Kanikkars, Kadars, Paliyars, Kurumas, and Vedas) and those of the various dialects Namboothiris, Nairs, Ezhavas, Syrian Christians (Nasrani), Muslims, fishermen and many of the occupational terms common to different sections of Malayalees have been identified.
Their language is Malayalam, the language of Kerala, and Syriac is used for liturgical purposes.

Kottayam

Kottayam districtKottayam CityManganam
'Kozhinnul' and 'kulannilu' are the forms most common in Trissur Idukki and Kottayam respectively.
Many of the first Malayalam dailies like Deepika, Malayala Manorama, Mangalam were started and are headquartered in Kottayam.

Malayanma

Itty Achudan, the famed Ayurvedic physician, used Malayanma and Kolezhuttu to write Hortus Malabaricus in 1678 (which was translated into Latin).
It was used to write the Malayalam language.

Tamil Nadu

TamilnaduTamil Nadu, IndiaTamil
Malayalam is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the neighbouring states; with significant number of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
As of 2001 census Tamil is spoken as the first language by nearly 90 percent of the state's population followed by Telugu (5.65%), Kannada (1.67%), Urdu (1.51%), Malayalam (0.89%).

Kochi

Cochincity of KochiKochi, India
'Kola' is the expression attested in most of the panchayats in the Palakkad, Ernakulam and Thiruvananthapuram districts of Kerala, whereas 'kolachil' occurs most predominantly in Kannur and Kochi and 'klannil' in Alappuzha and Kollam.
The origin of the name "Kochi" is thought to be from the Malayalam word kochu azhi, meaning 'small lagoon'.