Malcolm X

assassination of Malcolm XEl-Hajj Malik El-ShabazzMalcolm LittleMalik ShabazzNorman 3X ButlerThomas 15X Johnsonconspiracy theories regarding the assassination of Malcolm XEl Hajj Malik El ShabazzMalcolm '''XMalcolm X Speaks
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (ٱلْحَاجّ مَالِك ٱلشَّبَازّ, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), better known as Malcolm X, was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.wikipedia
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Elijah Muhammad

Elijah Muhammedhis father
In the 1960s, MalcolmX began to grow disillusioned with the Nation of Islam, and in particular, with its leader Elijah Muhammad.
He was a mentor to Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan and Muhammad Ali, as well as his own son, Warith Deen Mohammed.

Nation of Islam

The Nation of IslamBlack MuslimBlack Muslims
In prison, he joined the Nation of Islam (NOI) and changed his name to MalcolmX because, he later wrote, Little was the name that "the white slavemaster ... had imposed upon [his] paternal forebears".
There were a number of splits and splinter groups during Elijah Muhammad's leadership, most notably the departure of senior leader Malcolm X to become a Sunni Muslim.

Malcolm X Day

Malcolm X Day is celebrated in various cities and countries worldwide, and hundreds of streets and schools in the U.S. are named in his honor.
Malcolm X Day is an American holiday in honor of Malcolm X that is celebrated on either May 19 (his birthday) or the third Sunday of May.

Organization of Afro-American Unity

Afro-American Unity
After a brief period of travel across Africa, he notably repudiated the NOI, and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. (MMI) and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) to emphasize Pan-Africanism.
The Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) was a Pan-Africanist organization founded by Malcolm X in 1964.

Muslim Mosque, Inc.

Muslim Mosque Inc.
After a brief period of travel across Africa, he notably repudiated the NOI, and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. (MMI) and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) to emphasize Pan-Africanism.
Muslim Mosque, Inc. (MMI) was an Islamic organization formed by Malcolm X after he left the Nation of Islam.

Pan-Africanism

Pan-AfricanPan-AfricanistPan African
After a brief period of travel across Africa, he notably repudiated the NOI, and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. (MMI) and the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) to emphasize Pan-Africanism.
Pan-African advocates include leaders such as Haile Selassie, Julius Nyerere, Ahmed Sékou Touré, Kwame Nkrumah, King Sobhuza II, Thomas Sankara and Muammar Gaddafi, grassroots organizers such as Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X, academics such as W. E. B. Du Bois, and others in the diaspora.

Ella Little-Collins

EllaElla Collins
From age 14 to 21, Little held a variety of jobs while living with his half-sister Ella Little-Collins in Roxbury, a largely African-American neighborhood of Boston.
Ella Little-Collins (1914 – 1996) was an American civil rights activist and the half-sister of Malcolm X.

Islam in the United States

American MuslimAmerican MuslimsMuslim American
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (ٱلْحَاجّ مَالِك ٱلشَّبَازّ, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), better known as Malcolm X, was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.
Two of the most famous people to join the NOI were Malcolm X, who became the face of the NOI in the media, and Muhammad Ali, who, while initially rejected, was accepted into the group shortly after his first world heavyweight championship victory.

Betty Shabazz

Dr. Betty ShabazzBetty XBetty Sanders
In 1955, Betty Sanders met MalcolmX after one of his lectures, then again at a dinner party; soon she was regularly attending his lectures.
She was the wife of Malcolm X.

Attallah Shabazz

Attallah
Attallah (b.
Attallah Shabazz (born November 16, 1958) is the eldest daughter of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz.

Qubilah Shabazz

QubilahQuibilah
Qubilah (b.
Qubilah Bahiyah Shabazz (born December 25, 1960) is the second daughter of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz.

Ilyasah Shabazz

Ilyasah
1960, named after Kublai Khan); Ilyasah (b.
Ilyasah Shabazz (born July 22, 1962) is the third daughter of Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz.

Civil rights movement

American Civil Rights Movementcivil rightscivil rights era
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (ٱلْحَاجّ مَالِك ٱلشَّبَازّ, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), better known as Malcolm X, was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement.
In March 1964, Malcolm X (el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz), national representative of the Nation of Islam, formally broke with that organization, and made a public offer to collaborate with any civil rights organization that accepted the right to self-defense and the philosophy of Black nationalism (which Malcolm said no longer required Black separatism).

Lansing, Michigan

LansingLansing, MILansing Michigan
Because of Ku Klux Klan threatsEarl's UNIA activities were said to be "spreading trouble" the family relocated in 1926 to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and shortly thereafter to Lansing, Michigan.

George Lincoln Rockwell

Lincoln RockwellROCKWELL, George LincolnGeorge Rockwell
In 1961, Malcolm X spoke at a NOI rally alongside George Lincoln Rockwell, the head of the American Nazi Party; Rockwell claimed that there was overlap between black nationalism and white supremacy.
As a supporter of racial segregation, he agreed with and quoted many leaders of the Black nationalism movement such as Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X.

Redd Foxx

more than 50 records
Years later, Sanford became famous as Redd Foxx.
In the 1940s, he met Malcolm Little, later known as Malcolm X.

Muhammad Ali

Cassius ClayMuhammed AliAli
He inspired the boxer Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) to join the Nation, and the two became close;
He later disavowed the NOI, adhering to Sunni Islam, and supporting racial integration like his former mentor Malcolm X.

Black pride

blacknessheritagepositive race consciousness among Black people
Earl was a local leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) and Louise served as secretary and "branch reporter", sending news of local UNIA activities to Negro World; they inculcated self-reliance and black pride in their children.
Beyoncé's half-time performance at Super Bowl 50, which included homages to Malcolm X and the Black Panthers, has been described by the media as a display of black pride.

Masjid Malcolm Shabazz

Mosque No. 7Mosque of Islamic BrotherhoodHarlem mosque
Later that year he established Boston's Temple Number11; in March 1954, he expanded Temple Number12 in Philadelphia; and two months later he was selected to lead Temple Number7 in Harlem, where he rapidly expanded its membership.
7 was destroyed in a bombing in 1965, after Malcolm X's assassination, which forced Nation of Islam to move the mosque to 106 West 127th Street.

New York Amsterdam News

Amsterdam NewsThe New York Amsterdam NewsThe Amsterdam News
One police officer told the New York Amsterdam News: "No one man should have that much power."
It has published columns by notable people including W. E. B. Du Bois, Roy Wilkins, and Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., and was the first to recognize and publish Malcolm X.

Louise Little (activist)

Louise Helen LittleLouise Little
Malcolm Little was born May19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, the fourth of seven children of Grenada-born Louise Helen Little (née Norton) and Georgia-born Earl Little.
Their son Malcolm, who became famous as Malcolm X, later said that white violence killed four of his father's brothers.

Warith Deen Mohammed

Warith Deen MuhammadWallace D. MuhammadW. Deen Mohammed
MalcolmX also served as a mentor and confidant to Elijah Muhammad's son, Wallace D. Muhammad; the son told Malcolm X about his skepticism toward his father's "unorthodox approach" to Islam.
Close to Malcolm X, who was also questioning the NOI, he found that by this time his viewpoints deviated significantly from those of his father, whom he no longer believed was a prophet.

The Ballot or the Bullet

In April, MalcolmX gave a speech titled "The Ballot or the Bullet", in which he advised African Americans to exercise their right to vote wisely but cautioned that if the government continued to prevent African Americans from attaining full equality, it might be necessary for them to take up arms.
"The Ballot or the Bullet" is the title of a public speech by human rights activist Malcolm X.

Oxford Union

Oxford Union SocietyUnionOxford
A week later, on November30, MalcolmX flew to the United Kingdom, and on December3 took part in a debate at the Oxford Union Society.
The Oxford Union has a tradition of hosting some of the world's most prominent individuals across politics, academia and popular culture, including US Presidents Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter, Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton, British Prime Ministers Winston Churchill, Margaret Thatcher, David Cameron and Theresa May, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, activists Malcolm X, Dalai Lama and Mother Teresa, actor Morgan Freeman, musicians Sir Elton John and Michael Jackson and sportspeople Diego Maradona and Manny Pacquiao.

African Americans

African AmericanAfrican-Americanblack
He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
During the twentieth century, some African Americans converted to Islam, mainly through the influence of black nationalist groups that preached with distinctive Islamic practices; including the Moorish Science Temple of America, and the largest organization, the Nation of Islam, founded in the 1930s, which attracted at least 20,000 people by 1963, prominent members included activist Malcolm X and boxer Muhammad Ali.