A report on Murder and Malice aforethought

Murder in the House by Jakub Schikaneder
Aaron Alexis holding a shotgun during his rampage
A group of Thugs strangling a traveller on a highway in the early 19th century.
International murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 2011
UNODC : Per 100,000 population (2011)
Lake Bodom murders in Espoo, Finland is the most famous unsolved homicide cases in Finnish criminal history. The tent is investigated immediately after the murders in 1960.
The scene of a murder in Rio de Janeiro. More than 800,000 people were murdered in Brazil between 1980 and 2004.
Intentional homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 2009
The historical homicide rate in Stockholm since 1400 AD. The murder rate was very high in the Middle Ages. The rate has declined greatly: from 45/100,000 to a low of 0.6 in the 1950s. The last decades have seen the homicide rate rise slowly.

Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human with malice aforethought.

- Murder

Malice aforethought is the "premeditation" or "predetermination" (with malice) required as an element of some crimes in some jurisdictions and a unique element for first-degree or aggravated murder in a few.

- Malice aforethought
Murder in the House by Jakub Schikaneder

2 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Provocation (legal)

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When a person is considered to have committed a criminal act partly because of a preceding set of events that might cause a reasonable individual to lose self control.

When a person is considered to have committed a criminal act partly because of a preceding set of events that might cause a reasonable individual to lose self control.

This makes them less morally culpable than if the act was premeditated (pre-planned) and done out of pure malice (malice aforethought).

In some common law legal systems, provocation is a "partial defense" for murder charges, which can result in the offense being classified as the lesser offense of manslaughter, specifically voluntary manslaughter.

Depraved-heart murder

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In United States law, depraved-heart murder, also known as depraved-indifference murder, is a type of murder where an individual acts with a "depraved indifference" to human life and where such act results in a death, despite that individual not explicitly intending to kill.

If the risk of death or bodily harm is great enough, ignoring it demonstrates a "depraved indifference" to human life and the resulting death is considered to have been committed with malice aforethought.