Malnutrition

malnourishednutritional deficienciesmalnourishmentworld hungerundernutritionundernourishmentnutritional deficiencydeficiency diseaseundernourishedpoor nutrition
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.wikipedia
1,319 Related Articles

Starvation

starvedstarvingstarve
Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen.
It is the most extreme form of malnutrition.

Overnutrition

hyperalimentationover-nutriented
Not enough nutrients is called undernutrition or undernourishment while too much is called overnutrition.
Overnutrition is a form of malnutrition in which the intake of nutrients is oversupplied.

Marasmus

marasmicmalnutritionMarasmus senilis
Protein-energy malnutrition has two severe forms: marasmus (a lack of protein and calories) and kwashiorkor (a lack of just protein).
Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency.

Pneumonia

bronchopneumoniabronchial pneumoniaNecrotizing pneumonia
A lack of breastfeeding may contribute, as may a number of infectious diseases such as: gastroenteritis, pneumonia, malaria, and measles, which increase nutrient requirements.
Fever is not very specific, as it occurs in many other common illnesses and may be absent in those with severe disease, malnutrition or in the elderly.

Poverty

poorlow-incomeindigent
This is often related to high food prices and poverty.
The term 'absolute poverty', when used in this fashion, is usually synonymous with 'extreme poverty': Robert McNamara, the former president of the World Bank, described absolute or extreme poverty as, "a condition so limited by malnutrition, illiteracy, disease, squalid surroundings, high infant mortality, and low life expectancy as to be beneath any reasonable definition of human decency."

Micronutrient

micronutrientselementsmicro
Malnutrition is often used to specifically refer to undernutrition where an individual is not getting enough calories, protein, or micronutrients.
Since plants are the primary origin of nutrients for humans and animals, some micronutrients may be in low levels and deficiencies can occur when dietary intake is insufficient, as occurs in malnutrition, implying the need for initiatives to deter inadequate micronutrient supply in plant foods.

Nutrition

nutrition sciencenutritionalnutritional science
Efforts to improve nutrition are some of the most effective forms of development aid.
Undernutrition can lead to wasting in acute cases, and the stunting of marasmus in chronic cases of malnutrition.

Measles

Rubeolameasles encephalitisAcute Measles encephalitis
A lack of breastfeeding may contribute, as may a number of infectious diseases such as: gastroenteritis, pneumonia, malaria, and measles, which increase nutrient requirements.
The risk of death among those infected is about 0.2%, but may be up to 10% in people with malnutrition.

Anorexia nervosa

anorexiaanorexicanorexics
Other causes of malnutrition include anorexia nervosa and bariatric surgery.
Anorexia nervosa, and the associated malnutrition that results from self-imposed starvation, can cause complications in every major organ system in the body.

Gastroenteritis

stomach flucholera morbusinfectious diarrhea
A lack of breastfeeding may contribute, as may a number of infectious diseases such as: gastroenteritis, pneumonia, malaria, and measles, which increase nutrient requirements.
Repeat infections are typically seen in areas with poor sanitation, and malnutrition.

Malnutrition in children

childhood malnutritionmalnutritionchildren
Certain groups have higher rates of undernutrition, including women—in particular while pregnant or breastfeeding—children under five years of age, and the elderly.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that malnutrition accounts for 54 percent of child mortality worldwide, about 1 million children.

Stunted growth

stuntingstuntedchildhood stunting
An additional 165 million children were estimated to have stunted growth from malnutrition in 2013.
It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhea and helminthiasis, in early childhood and even before birth, due to malnutrition during fetal development brought on by a malnourished mother.

Calorie restriction

caloric restrictionlow caloriecalorie restricted diet
It differs from calorie restriction in that calorie restriction may not result in negative health effects.
Calorie restriction (caloric restriction or energy restriction) is a dietary regimen that reduces food intake without incurring malnutrition.

Scurvy

antiscorbuticvitamin C deficiencyascorbic acid deficiency
Vitamin-deficiency-related diseases (such as scurvy and rickets).
Scurvy is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid).

Hunger

hungrysatietyEnd hunger
The term hunger, which describes a feeling of discomfort from not eating, has been used to describe undernutrition, especially in reference to food insecurity.

Protein–energy malnutrition

protein-energy malnutritionProtein-calorie malnutritionprotein malnutrition
There are two main types of undernutrition: protein-energy malnutrition and dietary deficiencies.
Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM) is a form of malnutrition that is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of dietary protein and/or energy (calories) in varying proportions.

John Waterlow

John Conrad WaterlowJohn C. Waterlow
John Conrad Waterlow established a new classification for malnutrition.
John Conrad Waterlow (13 June 1916 – 19 October 2010) was a British physiologist who specialised in childhood malnutrition.

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
In some developing countries, overnutrition in the form of obesity is beginning to present within the same communities as undernutrition.
Undernutrition is more common in developing countries.

Kwashiorkor

edematous
Protein-energy malnutrition has two severe forms: marasmus (a lack of protein and calories) and kwashiorkor (a lack of just protein).
]]Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition associated with a deficiency in dietary protein.

Famine

faminesfood shortagesfood crisis
He states that malnutrition and famine were more related to problems of food distribution and purchasing power.
This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality.

Helminthiasis

helminthiaseshelminth infectionsintestinal worm infections
Parasite infections, in particular intestinal worm infections (helminthiasis), can also lead to malnutrition.
Chronic illness, malnutrition, and anemia are further examples of secondary effects.

Abdomen

abdominalabdominal musclesbelly
Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen.
In general, it is indicative of malnutrition.

Diarrhea

diarrhoeadiarrheal diseaseschronic diarrhea
Diarrhea and other infections can cause malnutrition through decreased nutrient absorption, decreased intake of food, increased metabolic requirements, and direct nutrient loss.
Frequent episodes of diarrhea are also a common cause of malnutrition and the most common cause in those younger than five years of age.

Vitamin

vitaminsfat-soluble vitaminsfat-soluble vitamin
It may involve calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals.
As a result, Arctic expeditions continued to be plagued by scurvy and other deficiency diseases.

Tuberculosis

consumptionpulmonary tuberculosisTB
For example, it is a major risk factor in the onset of active tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis is closely linked to both overcrowding and malnutrition, making it one of the principal diseases of poverty.