A report on Malt

A handful of malted barley, the white sprouts visible
Beer malt varieties from Bamberg, Germany
Malted grain for beer production
Samanu decorated with pistachio
Barley is spread out on the floor of a malthouse during a traditional malting process.
Homebrewing malt extracts - liquid in a can and spray-dried
Barley malt syrup being slowly added to flour in a bagel recipe
1897 Pabst Malt Extract ad

Germinated cereal grain that has been dried in a process known as "malting".

- Malt
A handful of malted barley, the white sprouts visible

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Schlenkerla Rauchbier, a traditional smoked beer, being poured from a cask into a beer glass

Beer

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One of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

One of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.

Schlenkerla Rauchbier, a traditional smoked beer, being poured from a cask into a beer glass
Schlenkerla Rauchbier, a traditional smoked beer, being poured from a cask into a beer glass
Beore 'beer'
Egyptian wooden model of beer making in ancient Egypt, Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, San Jose, California
François Jaques: Peasants Enjoying Beer at Pub in Fribourg (Switzerland, 1923)
A 16th-century brewery
Malted barley before roasting
Hop cone in a Hallertau, Germany, hop yard
Brewing factory
Annual beer consumption per capita by country
Cask ale hand pumps with pump clips detailing the beers and their breweries
Kriek, a variety of beer brewed with cherries
Paulaner dunkel – a dark lager
A selection of cask beers
Assortment of beer bottles
A tent at Munich's Oktoberfest in Germany. The event is known as the world's largest beer festival.
Beer culture in Cameroon. A friendship drink of millet beer at the market, Mogode, Cameroon, 1998.

It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), rice, and oats are also used.

A close-up view of grains steeping in warm water during the mashing stage of brewing

Mashing

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A close-up view of grains steeping in warm water during the mashing stage of brewing
Interior view of a mash tun in a Scotch whisky distillery, showing the stirring mechanism
An empty mash tun showing the integrated mash rake

In brewing and distilling, mashing is the process of combining a mix of ground grains – typically malted barley with supplementary grains such as corn, sorghum, rye, or wheat – known as the "grain bill" with water and then heating the mixture.

Structure of the amylose molecule

Starch

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Polymeric carbohydrate consisting of numerous glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

Polymeric carbohydrate consisting of numerous glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

Structure of the amylose molecule
Structure of the amylopectin molecule
Starch mill at Ballydugan (Northern Ireland), built in 1792
West Philadelphia Starch works at Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), 1850
Faultless Starch Company at Kansas City
potato starch granules in cells of the potato
starch in endosperm in embryonic phase of maize seed
Corn starch, 800x magnified, under polarized light, showing characteristic extinction cross
Rice starch seen on light microscope. Characteristic for the rice starch is that starch granules have an angular outline and some of them are attached to each other and form larger granules
Granules of wheat starch, stained with iodine, photographed through a light microscope
Sago starch extraction from palm stems
Glucose syrup
Karo corn syrup advert 1917
Niagara corn starch advert 1880s
Pacific Laundry and Cooking Starch advert 1904
Starch adhesive
Gentleman with starched ruff in 1560
Kingsford Oswego Starch advertising, 1885
Rice starch for ironing

In industry, starch is converted into sugars, for example by malting, and fermented to produce ethanol in the manufacture of beer, whisky and biofuel.

Traditional floor malting at Highland Park Distillery in Scotland

Malting

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Traditional floor malting at Highland Park Distillery in Scotland
Caramel malt
Roasted malt
Bavarian malt varieties for beer
Grain silos at Port Giles, South Australia
A sample of green malt on about day three, with visible malt culms

Malting is the process of steeping, germinating and drying grain to convert it into malt.

Barley

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Major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

Major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

Barley seeds with and without the outer husk
Seed under a microscope.
Barley
The cross-section of a barley root
Two-row and six-row barley
Barley
Genetic analysis on the spread of barley from 9,000 to 2,000 BCE
An account of barley rations issued monthly to adults (30 or 40 pints) and children (20 pints) written in cuneiform on clay tablet, written in year 4 of King Urukagina (circa 2350 BCE), from Girsu, Iraq, British Museum, London
Barley harvesting in Gaziantep, Turkey
Barley, oats, and some products made from them
Traditional floor malting of barley in Scotland
Barley straw used in a pond in Oud-Heverlee, Belgium
Non-hulless barley grains

Barley grains are commonly made into malt in a traditional and ancient method of preparation.

A bag of wheat, often used as an adjunct

Adjuncts

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A bag of wheat, often used as an adjunct
Magic Hat #9 fruit beer in a mug

In brewing, adjuncts are unmalted grains (such as corn, rice, rye, oats, barley, and wheat ) or grain products used in brewing beer which supplement the main mash ingredient (such as malted barley).

Draining wort

Wort

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Liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky.

Liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky.

Draining wort

The first step in wort production is to obtain malt, which is made from dried, sprouted cereal grains, including barley.

A glass of whisky

Whisky

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Type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.

Type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.

A glass of whisky
Old Bushmills Distillery, County Antrim
A man pours some whisky into a flask in this 1869 oil painting by Scottish artist Erskine Nicol.
Copper pot stills at Auchentoshan Distillery in Scotland
Malted barley is an ingredient of some whiskies.
Various American whiskeys on store shelves
Various Canadian whiskies
Various Irish whiskeys
Various Scotch whiskies
The regions of Scotch whisky
A charred oak barrel used to age whiskey

Malt whisky – made primarily from malted barley

A Carnation-brand malted milk can

Malted milk

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A Carnation-brand malted milk can
William Horlick
Explorer Ernest de Koven Leffingwell poses with cases of Horlick's Malted Milk on Flaxman Island, Alaska, circa 1910.

Malted milk or malt powder is a powdered gruel made from a mixture of malted barley, wheat flour, and evaporated whole milk powder.

Hot Milo and milk

Milo (drink)

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Hot Milo and milk
Hot Milo and milk
1940s Milo can
Milo powder (Australian form)
Iced Milo aka "Milo Ais" or "Milo Peng". A popular drink in Singapore and Malaysia
Milo being served at an athletics event
A Milo energy food bar c.2011, split

Milo (stylised as MILO) is a chocolate-flavoured malted powder product produced by Nestlé, typically mixed with milk, hot water, or both, to produce a beverage.