Malt

malted barleymalt extractbarley maltextract of maltmaltingmaltmanmaltedMalterMalteuropmalthouse
Malt is germinated cereal grain that has been dried in a process known as "malting".wikipedia
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Malting

maltstermaltedfloor-malted
Malt is germinated cereal grain that has been dried in a process known as "malting".
Malting is a controlled germination that converts raw grain into malt.

Starch

starcheswheat starchrice starch
Malting grain develops the enzymes (α-amylase, β-amylase) required for modifying the grains' starches into various types of sugar, including monosaccharide glucose, disaccharide maltose, trisaccharide maltotriose, and higher sugars called maltodextrines.
In industry, starch is converted into sugars, for example by malting, and fermented to produce ethanol for manufacture of beer, whisky and biofuel.

Sugar

sugarssugar tradesugar cube
Malting grain develops the enzymes (α-amylase, β-amylase) required for modifying the grains' starches into various types of sugar, including monosaccharide glucose, disaccharide maltose, trisaccharide maltotriose, and higher sugars called maltodextrines.
Maltose may be produced by malting grain.

Beer

brewing industrybrewingbeers
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
Beer is brewed from cereal grains—most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), and rice are also used.

Malted milk

maltmalt powdermalts
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
Malted milk is a powdered gruel made from a mixture of malted barley, wheat flour, and evaporated whole milk.

Maltose

malt sugarC11 Maltose
Malting grain develops the enzymes (α-amylase, β-amylase) required for modifying the grains' starches into various types of sugar, including monosaccharide glucose, disaccharide maltose, trisaccharide maltotriose, and higher sugars called maltodextrines.
An example of this reaction is found in germinating seeds, which is why it was named after malt.

Germination

germinategerminatinggerminates
The grain is made to germinate by soaking in water and is then halted from germinating further by drying with hot air.
In brewing, barley seeds are treated with gibberellin to ensure uniform seed germination for the production of barley malt.

Ovaltine

OvomaltineOvalmaltine
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
Ovaltine (Ovomaltine) is a brand of milk flavoring product made with malt extract (except in the blue packaging in the United States), sugar (except in Switzerland), and whey.

Milo (drink)

MiloNestlé MiloNestle Milo
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
Milo (stylised as MILO) is a chocolate and malt powder typically mixed with hot water and milk to produce a beverage popular in Oceania, South America, Southeast Asia and parts of Africa.

Yeast

yeastsbrewer's yeastbudding yeast
It also develops other enzymes, such as proteases, that break down the proteins in the grain into forms that can be used by yeast.
Home brewers who cultivate yeast frequently use dried malt extract and agar as a solid growth medium.

Barley

Hordeum vulgaremalting barleysix-row barley
Various cereals are malted, though barley is the most common. Barley is the most commonly malted grain, in part because of its high content of enzymes, though wheat, rye, oats, rice, and corn are also used.
Barley grains are commonly made into malt in a traditional and ancient method of preparation.

Malt loaf

malt bread
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
It is made from malt and often contains raisins.

Cereal

graincerealsgrains
Malt is germinated cereal grain that has been dried in a process known as "malting". Barley is the most commonly malted grain, in part because of its high content of enzymes, though wheat, rye, oats, rice, and corn are also used.

Rich tea

rich tea biscuits
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
Rich tea is a type of sweet biscuit; the ingredients generally include wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil and malt extract.

Whisky

whiskeywhiskiesage statement
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.

Bagel

bagelsNew York-style bagel bageled
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
Most bagel recipes call for the addition of a sweetener to the dough, often barley malt (syrup or crystals), honey, high fructose corn syrup, or sugar, with or without eggs, milk or butter.

Horlicks

Horlicks LtdHorlicks Malted MilkJ & W Horlicks
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
The first flavour available in India, as in Britain, was malt.

Brewing

brewerbrewersbottle conditioned
Malting is the process of converting barley or other cereal grains into malt for use in brewing, distilling, or in foods and takes place in a maltings, sometimes called a malthouse, or a malting floor.
The basic ingredients of beer are water and a fermentable starch source such as malted barley.

Vinegar

malt vinegarwhite vinegarcoconut vinegar
Malted grain is used to make beer, whisky, malted milk, malt vinegar, confections such as Maltesers and Whoppers, flavored drinks such as Horlicks, Ovaltine, and Milo, and some baked goods, such as malt loaf, bagels, and rich tea biscuits.
According to Canadian regulations, malt vinegar is defined as a vinegar that includes undistilled malt that has not yet undergone acetous fermentation.

Mashing

mashmash tunmashed
Further conversion to fermentable sugars is achieved during the mashing process. Barley is the most commonly malted grain, in part because of its high content of enzymes, though wheat, rye, oats, rice, and corn are also used.
In brewing and distilling, mashing is the process of combining a mix of grains – typically malted barley with supplementary grains such as corn, sorghum, rye, or wheat – known as the "grain bill" with water and then heating the mixture.

Enzyme

enzymologyenzymesenzymatic
Malting grain develops the enzymes (α-amylase, β-amylase) required for modifying the grains' starches into various types of sugar, including monosaccharide glucose, disaccharide maltose, trisaccharide maltotriose, and higher sugars called maltodextrines. It also develops other enzymes, such as proteases, that break down the proteins in the grain into forms that can be used by yeast. Barley is the most commonly malted grain, in part because of its high content of enzymes, though wheat, rye, oats, rice, and corn are also used.

Adjuncts

adjunctFruit BeerFruit and vegetable beer
Base malts have enough diastatic power to convert their own starch and usually that of some amount of starch from unmalted grain, called adjuncts.
In brewing, adjuncts are unmalted grains (such as corn, rice, rye, oats, barley, and wheat ) or grain products used in brewing beer which supplement the main mash ingredient (such as malted barley).

Mash ingredients

mashmash billpale malt
Within these categories is a variety of types distinguished largely by the kilning temperature (see mash ingredients).
Diastatic power (DP), also called the "diastatic activity" or "enzymatic power", is a property of malts (grains that have begun to germinate) that refers to the malt's ability to break down starches into simpler fermentable sugars during the mashing process.

Sprouting

bean sproutbean sproutssprouts
When ready, the grain is immersed or steeped in water two or three times for two or three days to allow the grain to absorb moisture and to start to sprout.
Sprouting is also applied on a large scale to barley as a part of the malting process.

Wheat

Triticumcorndwarf wheat
Barley is the most commonly malted grain, in part because of its high content of enzymes, though wheat, rye, oats, rice, and corn are also used.
Raw wheat can be ground into flour or, using hard durum wheat only, can be ground into semolina; germinated and dried creating malt; crushed or cut into cracked wheat; parboiled (or steamed), dried, crushed and de-branned into bulgur also known as groats.