Maluku Islands

MalukuSpice IslandsMoluccasMoluccanSouth MoluccasMolucca IslandsMoluccansMalukusMoluccas Islandsthe Moluccas
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.wikipedia
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Banda Sea

Banda
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia.
The Banda Sea is a sea in the Maluku Islands of Indonesia, connected to the Pacific Ocean but surrounded by hundreds of islands, as well as the Halmahera and Ceram Seas.

Sulawesi

CelebesCelebes IslandCelebes Islands
Geographically they are located east of Sulawesi, west of New Guinea, and north and east of Timor.
One of the four Greater Sunda Islands, and the world's eleventh-largest island, it is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia. With the declaration of a single republic of Indonesia in 1950 to replace the federal state, a Republic of South Maluku (Republik Maluku Selatan, RMS) was declared and attempted to secede.
Muslim traders and Sufi scholars brought Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolise trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery.

New Guinea

PapuaPapua New GuineanNew Guinea island
Geographically they are located east of Sulawesi, west of New Guinea, and north and east of Timor.
When the Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islands, they also referred to the island as Papua.

North Maluku

North MoluccasNorthNorth Maluku province
A new province, North Maluku, incorporates the area between Morotai and Sula, with the arc of islands from Buru and Seram to Wetar remaining within the existing Maluku Province.
It covers the northern part of the Maluku Islands.

Buru

Buru IslandBoeroeBoeroe Island
A new province, North Maluku, incorporates the area between Morotai and Sula, with the arc of islands from Buru and Seram to Wetar remaining within the existing Maluku Province.
Buru (formerly spelled Boeroe, Boro, or Bouru) is the third largest island within Maluku Islands of Indonesia.

Morotai

Morotai IslandNAB Morotai
A new province, North Maluku, incorporates the area between Morotai and Sula, with the arc of islands from Buru and Seram to Wetar remaining within the existing Maluku Province.
Morotai Island (Pulau Morotai) is an island in the Halmahera group of eastern Indonesia's Maluku Islands (Moluccas).

Nutmeg

macenutmeg and maceNutmeg butter
The islands were known as the Spice Islands due to the nutmeg, mace and cloves that were originally exclusively found there, the presence of which sparked colonial interest from Europe in the 16th century.
The most important commercial species is the common, true or fragrant nutmeg, Myristica fragrans (Myristicaceae), native to the Banda Islands in the Moluccas (or Spice Islands) of Indonesia.

Halmahera

GiloloHalmahera Islands
North Maluku is predominantly Muslim, and its capital is Sofifi on Halmahera island. North Maluku province includes Ternate (the former site of the provincial capital), Tidore, Bacan and Halmahera (the largest of the Maluku Islands).
Halmahera, formerly known as Jilolo, Gilolo, or Jailolo, is the largest island in the Maluku Islands.

Wetar

Pulau WetarWetar Is.
A new province, North Maluku, incorporates the area between Morotai and Sula, with the arc of islands from Buru and Seram to Wetar remaining within the existing Maluku Province.
It lies east of the Lesser Sunda Islands, which include nearby Alor and Timor, but it is politically part of the Maluku Islands.

Dutch East Indies

DutchNetherlands East IndiesEast Indies
A second influx of immigrants primarily from Java began in the early twentieth century under the Dutch and continues in the Indonesian era.
The company was formally dissolved in 1800 and its colonial possessions in the Indonesian archipelago (including much of Java, parts of Sumatra, much of Maluku, and the hinterlands of ports such as Makasar, Manado, and Kupang) were nationalized under the Dutch Republic as the Dutch East Indies.

Maluku sectarian conflict

sectarian conflict across the Maluku Islands1998–2000 sectarian conflictconflict between Muslims and Christians
Between 1999 and 2002, conflict between Muslims and Christians killed thousands and displaced half a million people.
The forthcoming division of the then Maluku province into the current Maluku province and North Maluku province exacerbated existing district political disputes further and, as the political dispute had been characterized along religious lines, inter-communal fighting broke out between Christian and Muslim communities in January 1999, cascading into what could be described as all out warfare and atrocities against the civilian population committed by both sides.

Dutch–Portuguese War

spice warstried to conquer Brazilagainst the Dutch
Though originally Melanesian, many island populations, especially in the Banda Islands, were massacred in the 17th century during the spice wars.
The outcome of the war was that Portugal successfully repelled the Dutch attempts to take control of Brazil and Angola, while the Dutch were the victors in the Cape of Good Hope and the East Indies, capturing Malacca, Ceylon, the Malabar Coast and the Moluccas from the Portuguese.

Bacan Islands

BacanSultanate of BacanBatchian
North Maluku province includes Ternate (the former site of the provincial capital), Tidore, Bacan and Halmahera (the largest of the Maluku Islands).
The Bacan Islands, formerly also known as the Bachans, Bachians, and Batchians, are a group of islands in the Moluccas in Indonesia.

Tidore

Tidore IslandTidore, Indonesia
North Maluku province includes Ternate (the former site of the provincial capital), Tidore, Bacan and Halmahera (the largest of the Maluku Islands).
Tidore (Kota Tidore Kepulauan) is a city, island, and archipelago in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia, west of the larger island of Halmahera.

Ternate

TerrenateKota TernateTernate Island
North Maluku province includes Ternate (the former site of the provincial capital), Tidore, Bacan and Halmahera (the largest of the Maluku Islands).
Ternate is the largest city in the Indonesian province of North Maluku and an island in the Maluku Islands.

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomIndonesia
However, since the name itself has been mentioned in a 14th-century Majapahit eulogy, Nagarakretagama, that predates the arrival of Islam in Maluku at the late fifteenth century, other sources claim that the name comes from a local language with the meaning the head of a bull or the head of something large.
According to the Nagarakretagama, canto XIII and XIV mentioned several states in Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara islands, Maluku, New Guinea, Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago, Luzon and some parts of the Visayas islands (Contested) as under the Majapahit realm of power.

Ambon Island

AmbonAmboinaAmboyna
On the return trip, Francisco Serrão was shipwrecked at Hitu island (northern Ambon) in 1512.
Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia.

Provinces of Indonesia

ProvinceprovincesCapital
The Maluku Islands formed a single province from Indonesian independence until 1999, when it was split into two provinces.

Ferdinand Magellan

MagellanFernão de MagalhãesFernando de Magallanes
Both Serrão and Ferdinand Magellan, however, perished before they could meet one another.
Born into a Portuguese noble family in around 1480, Magellan became a skilled sailor and naval officer and was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").

Republic of South Maluku

South MoluccasRMSSouth Moluccan
With the declaration of a single republic of Indonesia in 1950 to replace the federal state, a Republic of South Maluku (Republik Maluku Selatan, RMS) was declared and attempted to secede.
South Maluku, officially the Republic of South Maluku, is an unrecognized secessionist republic in the southern Maluku Islands archipelago in Maritime Southeast Asia that claims the islands of Ambon, Buru, and Seram as part of its territory, all of which are currently part of the Indonesian province of Maluku.

António de Abreu

Abreude Abreu, António
Afonso de Albuquerque learned of the route to the Banda Islands and other 'Spice Islands', and sent an exploratory expedition of three vessels under the command of António de Abreu, Simão Afonso Bisigudo and Francisco Serrão.
Departing from Malacca in November 1511 with four ships, in an exploratory voyage to the 'Spice Islands' of Maluku, he led the first European expedition to reach Timor and the Banda Islands, in Indonesia, in 1512.

Sofifi

North Maluku is predominantly Muslim, and its capital is Sofifi on Halmahera island.

Portuguese Empire

PortuguesePortugalPortuguese colony
After the Portuguese annexed Malacca in August 1511, one Portuguese diary noted 'it is thirty years since they became Moors'.
In 1525, Spain under Charles V sent an expedition to colonize the Moluccas islands, claiming they were in his zone of the Treaty of Tordesillas, since there was no set limit to the east.

Ambon, Maluku

AmbonAmboinaAmboyna
Maluku province has a larger Christian population, and its capital is Ambon.
During the Dutch period, Ambon was the seat of the Dutch resident and military commander of the Maluku Islands.