Malwa

MalavaMalwa PlateauMālwaMalwa regionMalavasMalliMalwa UnionMalwahMâlwaShab-e-Malwa
Malwa is an Indian historical doab region of west-central India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin.wikipedia
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Madhya Bharat

MadhyaMalwa Union
Politically and administratively, it is also synonymous with the former state of Madhya Bharat which was later merged with Madhya Pradesh, and presently the historical Malwa region includes districts of western Madhya Pradesh and parts of south-eastern Rajasthan, sometimes the definition of Malwa is extended to include the Nimar region south of the Vindhyas. Malwa continued to be an administrative division until 1947, when the Malwa Agency of British India was merged into Madhya Bharat (also known as Malwa Union) state of independent India.
Madhya Bharat, also known as Malwa Union, was an Indian state in west-central India, created on 28 May 1948 from twenty-five princely states which until 1947 had been part of the Central India Agency, with Jiwajirao Scindia as its Rajpramukh.

Paramara dynasty

ParamaraParamarasParamara branch
It has been ruled by several kingdoms and dynasties, including the Avanti Kingdom, the Mauryans, the Malavas, the Guptas, the Paramaras, the Malwa sultans, the Mughals and the Marathas. From the mid-tenth century, Malwa was ruled by the Paramaras, who established a capital at Dhar.
The Paramara dynasty (IAST: Paramāra) was an Indian dynasty that ruled Malwa and surrounding areas in west-central India between 9th and 14th centuries.

Avanti (Ancient India)

AvantiMalavasAvanti Kingdom
It has been ruled by several kingdoms and dynasties, including the Avanti Kingdom, the Mauryans, the Malavas, the Guptas, the Paramaras, the Malwa sultans, the Mughals and the Marathas. The Malwa region had been a separate political unit from the time of the ancient Malava Kingdom.
Avanti was an ancient Indian Mahajanapada (Great Realm), roughly corresponded to the present day Malwa region.

Malwa Sultanate

MalwaSultan of MalwaSultanate of Malwa
It has been ruled by several kingdoms and dynasties, including the Avanti Kingdom, the Mauryans, the Malavas, the Guptas, the Paramaras, the Malwa sultans, the Mughals and the Marathas. Khan started the Malwa Sultanate and established a capital at Mandu, high in the Vindhya Range overlooking the Narmada River valley.
The Malwa Sultanate was a late medieval kingdom presumably of Turkic origin, in the Malwa region of the present day Madhya Pradesh state in India in 1392–1562.

Bhoja

Raja BhojBhojRaja Bhoja
Several prominent people in the history of India have lived in Malwa, including the poet and dramatist Kalidasa, the author Bhartrihari, the mathematicians and astronomers Varahamihira and Brahmagupta, and the polymath king Bhoja.
His kingdom was centered around the Malwa region in central India, where his capital Dhara-nagara (modern Dhar) was located.

Indore

Indore CityIndore, IndiaIndore, MP
Ujjain had been the political, economic, and cultural capital of the region in ancient times, and Indore is now the largest city and commercial centre.
Located on the southern edge of Malwa Plateau, at an average altitude of 550 meters above sea level, it has the highest elevation among major cities of Central India.

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh StateMPM.P.
Politically and administratively, it is also synonymous with the former state of Madhya Bharat which was later merged with Madhya Pradesh, and presently the historical Malwa region includes districts of western Madhya Pradesh and parts of south-eastern Rajasthan, sometimes the definition of Malwa is extended to include the Nimar region south of the Vindhyas.
The king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns in 528, ending their expansion.

Ujjain

UjjayiniUjjainiUjjayani
Ujjain had been the political, economic, and cultural capital of the region in ancient times, and Indore is now the largest city and commercial centre.
An ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River, Ujjain was the most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history.

Maratha Empire

MarathaMarathasMaratha Confederacy
It has been ruled by several kingdoms and dynasties, including the Avanti Kingdom, the Mauryans, the Malavas, the Guptas, the Paramaras, the Malwa sultans, the Mughals and the Marathas.
These leaders became known as the Gaekwads of Baroda, the Holkars of Indore and Malwa, the Scindias of Gwalior and Ujjain, the Bhonsales of Nagpur, the Mehere's of Vidharbha and the Puars of Dhar and Dewas.

Varāhamihira

VarahamihiraBrihat-SamhitaBrihat Samhita
Several prominent people in the history of India have lived in Malwa, including the poet and dramatist Kalidasa, the author Bhartrihari, the mathematicians and astronomers Varahamihira and Brahmagupta, and the polymath king Bhoja.
He was born in the Avanti region, roughly corresponding to modern-day Malwa, to Adityadasa, who was himself an astronomer.

Nimar

NimadNimar Region
Politically and administratively, it is also synonymous with the former state of Madhya Bharat which was later merged with Madhya Pradesh, and presently the historical Malwa region includes districts of western Madhya Pradesh and parts of south-eastern Rajasthan, sometimes the definition of Malwa is extended to include the Nimar region south of the Vindhyas.
The Nimar region is home to the Nimadi language, which is related to the Malvi language of Malwa as well as the other Rajasthani languages.

Western Satraps

Western SatrapWestern KshatrapasWestern Kshatrapa
Ownership of the region was the subject of dispute between the Western Kshatrapas and the Satavahanas during the first three centuries AD.
The Western Satraps, Western Kshatrapas, or Kshaharatas (35–405 CE) were Indo-Scythian (Saka) rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states).

Malwa culture

Malwa
The Malwa Culture was a Chalcolithic archaeological culture which existed in the Malwa region, as well as nearby parts of Maharashtra to the south, during the 2nd millennium BCE.
The Malwa culture was a Chalcolithic archaeological culture which existed in the Malwa region of Central India and parts of Maharashtra in the Deccan Peninsula.

Malavas

Malava tribeMalava EmpireMalli
It has been ruled by several kingdoms and dynasties, including the Avanti Kingdom, the Mauryans, the Malavas, the Guptas, the Paramaras, the Malwa sultans, the Mughals and the Marathas.
The Malwa region in central India is named after them.

Dhar

DharaDharanagarDhar Fort
From the mid-tenth century, Malwa was ruled by the Paramaras, who established a capital at Dhar.
Dhar is a city located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh state in India.

Yashodharman

YasodharmanYashodharmaYasodharman Vishnuvardhana
Around 500, Malwa re-emerged from the dissolving Gupta Empire as a separate kingdom; in 528, Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Hunas, who had invaded India from the north-west.
515 - 545) was a ruler of Malwa, in central India, during the early part of the 6th century.

Malwa Agency

MalwaMalwa:
Malwa continued to be an administrative division until 1947, when the Malwa Agency of British India was merged into Madhya Bharat (also known as Malwa Union) state of independent India.
The Malwa Agency was formed in 1895 out of princely states in the Northern Malwa region formerly under the authority of the British agent for Indore and the abolition of the Western Malwa Agency which had been a sub-agency of the Central India Agency since 1854.

Heheya Kingdom

HaihayaHaihayasHeheya
In the post-Mahabharata period—around 500 BC—Avanti was an important kingdom in western India; it was ruled by the Haihayas, a people who were responsible for the destruction of Naga power in western India.
The Haihayas were native to the present-day Malwa region of Western Madhya Pradesh).

Mandu, Madhya Pradesh

ManduMandapaMandu fort complex
Khan started the Malwa Sultanate and established a capital at Mandu, high in the Vindhya Range overlooking the Narmada River valley.
It is located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh, India, at 35 km from Dhar city.

Western Chalukya Empire

Western ChalukyaWestern ChalukyasKalyani Chalukyas
Malwa was several times invaded by the south Indian Western Chalukya Empire.
In 973, seeing confusion in the Rashtrakuta empire after a successful invasion of their capital by the ruler of the Paramara dynasty of Malwa, Tailapa II, a feudatory of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty ruling from Bijapur region defeated his overlords and made Manyakheta his capital.

Rashtrakuta dynasty

RashtrakutaRashtrakutasRashtrakuta Empire
In 786 the region was captured by the Rashtrakuta kings of the Deccan, and was disputed between the Rashtrakutas and the Gurjara Pratihara kings of Kannauj until the early part of the tenth century.
At the same time the Pala dynasty of Bengal and the Prathihara dynasty of Malwa were gaining force in eastern and northwestern India respectively.

Hoshang Shah

Alp Khan HushangHushang ShahHushang Shah Gori
His son and successor, Hoshang Shah (1405–35), developed Mandu as an important city.
Hoshang Shah (Alp Khan) (1406-35) was the first formally appointed Islamic king of the Malwa region of Central India.

Gujarat

Gujarat StateGujarat, IndiaGujrat
Gujarat stormed Mandu in 1518.
The Maitrakas of Vallabhi became very powerful with their rule prevailing over large parts of Gujarat and adjoining Malwa.

Dilawar Khan

Dilawar Khan GhauriDilawar Khan GhuriDilawar Khan Ghori
Dilawar Khan, previously Malwa's governor under the rule of the Delhi sultanate, declared himself sultan of Malwa in 1401 after the Mughal conqueror Timur attacked Delhi, causing the break-up of the sultanate into smaller states.
Dilawar Khan Ghori was governor of the Malwa province of central India during the decline of the Delhi Sultanate.

Mewar

Kingdom of MewarMedapataMewad
In the early 16th century, the sultan sought the aid of the sultans of Gujarat to counter the growing power of the Rajputs, while the Rajputs sought the support of the Sesodia Rajput kings of Mewar.
The Mewar region lies between the Aravali Range to the northwest, Ajmer to the north, Gujarat and the Vagad region of Rajasthan to the south, the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state to the southeast and the Hadoti region of Rajasthan to the east.