Mammoth Cave National Park

Mammoth CaveMammoth Cave, KentuckyMammoth CavesMammoth Cave areaCrystal CaveSand CaveSand Cave, KentuckyCave GhostColossal CaveCrystal Cave (Kentucky)
Mammoth Cave National Park is an American national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world.wikipedia
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Kentucky

KYCommonwealth of KentuckyKentuckian
Mammoth Cave National Park is an American national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world.
It is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, one of the greatest lengths of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, and the two largest man-made lakes east of the Mississippi River.

List of longest caves

longest cave system known in the worldlongest surveyed underwater cave systemeighth-longest
Mammoth Cave National Park is an American national park in central Kentucky, encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world.

Edmonson County, Kentucky

Edmonson CountyEdmonsonEdmonson Counties
The park's 52,830 acre are located primarily in Edmonson County, with small areas extending eastward into Hart and Barren counties.
* Mammoth Cave National Park

Barren County, Kentucky

BarrenBarren CountyBarren County, Ky.
The park's 52,830 acre are located primarily in Edmonson County, with small areas extending eastward into Hart and Barren counties.
* Mammoth Cave National Park (part)

Cedar Sink

Known as Cedar Sink, the sinkhole features a small river entering one side and disappearing back underground at the other side.
Cedar Sink is a vertical-walled large depression, or sinkhole, in the ground, that is located in Edmonson County, Kentucky and contained within and managed by Mammoth Cave National Park.

Sinkhole

sinkholesdolineshakehole
At one valley bottom in the southern region of the park, a massive sinkhole has developed.
In the case of exceptionally large sinkholes, such as the Minyé sinkhole in Papua New Guinea or Cedar Sink at Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky, an underground stream or river may be visible across its bottom flowing from one side to the other.

Mammoth Cave Parkway

Mammoth Cave headquarters and visitor's center is located on Mammoth Cave Parkway.
The Mammoth Cave Parkway is a major roadway located in the Mammoth Cave National Park in west-central Kentucky.

Hart County, Kentucky

HartHart CountyHart Counties
The park's 52,830 acre are located primarily in Edmonson County, with small areas extending eastward into Hart and Barren counties.
A portion of Mammoth Cave National Park and the cave for which it is named is located in western Hart County.

Girkin Formation

The limestone layers of the stratigraphic column beneath the Big Clifty, in increasing order of depth below the ridgetops, are the Girkin Formation, the Ste. Genevieve Limestone, and the St. Louis Limestone.
It comprises a level of Mammoth Cave and lies above the Ste. Genevieve Limestone and St. Louis Limestone and below the Big Clifty Sandstone in that area.

Green River (Kentucky)

Green RiverGreenG'''reen '''R'''iver
The Green River runs through the park, with a tributary called the Nolin River feeding into the Green just inside the park.
In 1941, Mammoth Cave National Park was established, and the two upper locks and dams closed in 1950.

Big Clifty Sandstone

The upper sandstone member is known as the Big Clifty Sandstone.
At Mammoth Cave National Park the Big Clifty overlies the Girkin Formation, the uppermost of three cave forming carbonate formations which the Mammoth-Flint Ridge cave system spans.

Patty Jo Watson

Watson, Patty J.
Research beginning in the late 1950s led by Patty Jo Watson, of Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, has done much to illuminate the lives of the late Archaic and early Woodland peoples who explored and exploited caves in the region.
Patty Jo Watson (born 1932) is an American archaeologist renowned for her work on Pre-Columbian Native Americans, especially in the Mammoth Cave region of Kentucky.

Stephen Bishop (cave explorer)

Stephen Bishop
Stephen Bishop, an African-American slave and a guide to the cave during the 1840s and 1850s, was one of the first people to make extensive maps of the cave, and named many of the cave's features.
1821–1857) was a mixed race slave (freed by manumission in the year before his death) famous for being one of the lead explorers and guides to the Mammoth Cave in the U.S. state of Kentucky.

John Croghan

In 1839, John Croghan of Louisville bought the Mammoth Cave Estate, including Bishop and its other slaves from their previous owner, Franklin Gorin.
Dr. John Croghan (April 23, 1790 – January 11, 1849) was an American medical doctor who helped establish the United States Marine Hospital of Louisville and organized some tuberculosis medical experiments and tours for Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky (U.S.) during 1839–1849.

National Park Service

U.S. National Park ServiceNational Park SystemUnited States National Park Service
The National Park Service offers several cave tours to visitors.

Mammoth Cave Railroad

Hercules and Coach No. 2Mammoth Cave Railroad Bike and Hike Trailoriginal railroad
This line transported tourists to Mammoth Caves until 1886, when he established the Mammoth Cave Railroad.
Mammoth Cave Railroad ("Dinkey Train") was a short rail line with a small train off the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N) that went to Mammoth Caves in Kentucky.

Nolin River

Nolin Creek
The Green River runs through the park, with a tributary called the Nolin River feeding into the Green just inside the park.
It joins the Green River in the western part of Mammoth Cave National Park, about 2 mi northeast of Brownsville.

Floyd Collins

Sand CaveW. Floyd CollinsWilliam Floyd Collins
In the early 20th century, Floyd Collins spent ten years exploring the Flint Ridge Cave System (the most important legacy of these explorations was the discovery of Floyd Collins' Crystal Cave and exploration in Salts Cave) before dying at Sand Cave, Kentucky, in 1925.
William Floyd Collins (July 20, 1887 – c. February 13, 1925), better known as Floyd Collins, was an American cave explorer, principally in a region of Central Kentucky that houses hundreds of miles of interconnected caverns within Mammoth Cave National Park, the longest cave system in the world.

Park City, Kentucky

Park CityGlasgow Junction (now Park City)
He also owned the stagecoach line that ran between Glasgow Junction (Park City) and the Mammoth Cave Estate.
It has historically served as a gateway to nearby Mammoth Cave National Park and to Diamond Caverns, a privately owned cave attraction.

Brownsville, Kentucky

BrownsvilleBrownsvileBrownsville Green River
In 1906, Mammoth Cave became accessible by steamboat with the construction of a lock and dam at Brownsville, Kentucky.
It is just outside Mammoth Cave National Park.

Kentucky Route 255

KY 255255
The parkway connects with Kentucky Route 70 from the north and Kentucky Route 255 from the south within the park.
After this intersection, KY 255 continues in a northwesterly path and enters Mammoth Cave National Park, which is 0.4 mi north of the Interstate.

Roger Brucker

Roger W. Brucker
The C-3 expedition drew public interest, first from a photo essay published by Robert Halmi in the July 1954 issue of True Magazine and later from the publication of a double first-person account of the expedition, The Caves Beyond: The Story of the Collins Crystal Cave Expedition by Joe Lawrence, Jr. (then president of the National Speleological Society) and Roger Brucker.
He is most closely associated with Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, the world's longest cave, which he has been exploring and writing about since 1954.

Max Kämper

Max Kaemper
In 1908, Max Kämper, a young German mining engineer, arrived at the cave by way of New York.
His 1908 survey and map of Mammoth Cave, Kentucky represent the first accurate instrumental survey of portions of the cave system.

Great Onyx Cave

At the same time, the Great Onyx Cave property, the only other remaining private inholding, was purchased for $365,000.
Great Onyx Cave is a cave located in Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky, United States.

Kentucky Route 70

KY 7070State Highway 70
The parkway connects with Kentucky Route 70 from the north and Kentucky Route 255 from the south within the park.
KY 70 is the main route through Mammoth Cave National Park in Edmonson and Barren Counties.