Manchesterwikipedia
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017.
ManchesterManchester, EnglandMancunianCity of ManchesterManchester, UKManchester, United KingdomManchester, England, UKMancuniansManchester CorporationManchester city centre

History of Manchester

history of Manchesterin 1838Mancunian history
The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell.
Manchester began expanding "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century as part of a process of unplanned urbanisation brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.

Manchester City Council

Manchester CorporationManchesterManchester City Council
The local authority is Manchester City Council.
Manchester City Council is the local government authority for Manchester, a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England.

Greater Manchester

Greater ManchesterManchesterCounty of Greater Manchester
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017.
It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford.

Greater Manchester Built-up Area

Greater ManchesterManchesterthird-most populous metropolitan area
It lies within the United Kingdom's third-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.2 million.
The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is an area of land defined by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), consisting of the large conurbation that encompasses the urban element of the city of Manchester and the continuous metropolitan area that spreads outwards from it, forming much of Greater Manchester in North West England.

River Irwell

IrwellriverRiver Irwell, Salford
The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. The Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in what is now known as Northern England; they had a stronghold in the locality at a sandstone outcrop on which Manchester Cathedral now stands, opposite the banks of the River Irwell.
It forms the boundary between Manchester and Salford and empties into the River Mersey near Irlam.

Manchester Ship Canal

Manchester Ship Canal CompanyM.S.C.ship canal
The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 mi to the west.
The Manchester Ship Canal is a 36 miles inland waterway in the North West of England linking Manchester to the Irish Sea.

Lancashire

LancasterLancastrianLancashire
It was historically a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century.
Liverpool and Manchester grew into its largest cities, dominating global trade and the birth of modern industrial capitalism.

Culture of Manchester

ManchesterManchester music sceneManchester scene
It is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections.
Despite being the 5th largest city in the United Kingdom by population and the second largest conurbation, Manchester has been ranked as the second city of the United Kingdom in numerous polls since the 2000s (decade), with an influential culture scene helping to elevate Manchester's importance in the national psyche.

Science and engineering in Manchester

scientific and engineering output
It is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections.
Manchester is one of the principal cities of the United Kingdom, gaining city status in 1853, thus becoming the first new city in over 300 years since Bristol in 1542.

2002 Commonwealth Games

2002 Commonwealth GamesCommonwealth Games2002
Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games.
The 2002 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XVII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Manchester 2002 were held in Manchester, England, from 25 July to 4 August 2002.

Manchester Cathedral

ManchesterCollegiate ChurchManchester Collegiate Church
The Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in what is now known as Northern England; they had a stronghold in the locality at a sandstone outcrop on which Manchester Cathedral now stands, opposite the banks of the River Irwell. The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the domestic premises of the college house Chetham's School of Music and Chetham's Library.
Manchester Cathedral, formally the Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Mary, St Denys and St George, in Manchester, England, is the mother church of the Anglican Diocese of Manchester, seat of the Bishop of Manchester and the city's parish church.

Salford

SalfordSalford, LancashireManchester
Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Salford and Stretford.
Salford is a town in North West England, in a meander of the River Irwell, which forms part of its boundary with the city of Manchester to the east.

1996 Manchester bombing

1996 Manchester bombingManchester bombing1996 IRA bombing
Its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration.
The IRA detonated a 1500 kg Lorry bomb on Corporation Street in the centre of Manchester, England.

Breast-shaped hill

breast-shaped hillbreast-like hillresembling breasts
The name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians . These are generally thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, either from mamm- ("breast", in reference to a "breast-like hill") or from mamma ("mother", in reference to a local river goddess).
The name Mamucium that gave origin to the name of the city of Manchester is thought to derive from the Celtic language meaning "breast-shaped hill", referring to the sandstone bluff on which the fort stood; this later evolved into the name Manchester.

River Mersey

MerseyMersey RiverMersey Estuary
It was historically a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century.
It flows westwards through the suburban areas of south Manchester, then into the Manchester Ship Canal at Irlam, becoming a part of the canal and maintaining the canal's water levels.

Castlefield

CampfieldManchesterManchester Castlefield Junction
A stabilised fragment of foundations of the final version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield.
Castlefield is an inner city conservation area of Manchester in North West England.

Manchester Liverpool Road railway station

Liverpool Road railway stationLiverpool Road stationLiverpool Road
Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station; scientists first split the atom, developed the stored-program computer and produced graphene in the city.
Liverpool Road is a former railway station on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in Manchester, England that opened on 15 September 1830.

Chetham's School of Music

Chetham's HospitalChethamChetham's College
The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the domestic premises of the college house Chetham's School of Music and Chetham's Library.
Chetham's School of Music is an independent co-educational music school in Manchester, England.

Chetham's Library

Chetham's Hospital and Library, ManchesterChetham's School and Librarycollege of priests
The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the domestic premises of the college house Chetham's School of Music and Chetham's Library.
Chetham's Library in Manchester, England, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom.

Bridgewater Canal

BridgewaterDuke of Bridgewater's canalBridgewater Trustees
The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761, bringing coal from mines at Worsley to central Manchester.
The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn, Manchester and Leigh, in North West England.

Mamucium

ManchesterRoman ManchesterManchester's Roman fort
Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix (Chester) and Eboracum (York) were protected from the Brigantes.
Mamucium, also known as Mancunium, is a former Roman fort in the Castlefield area of Manchester in North West England.

Peterloo Massacre

PeterlooSt Peter's Fields Massacrehistoric massacre
One such gathering ended with the Peterloo Massacre of 16 August 1819.
The Peterloo Massacre occurred at St Peter's Field, Manchester, England, on 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000–80,000 who had gathered to demand the reform of parliamentary representation.

Cottonopolis

Manchester's industryfactories surrounding
Manchester was dubbed "Cottonopolis" and "Warehouse City" during the Victorian era.
Cottonopolis was a 19th century nickname for Manchester, as it was a metropolis and the centre of the cotton industry.

Worsley

WorsleyWorsley UDBridgewater estates
The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761, bringing coal from mines at Worsley to central Manchester.
It lies along the course of Worsley Brook, 5.75 mi west of Manchester.

Liverpool and Manchester Railway

Liverpool and ManchesterLiverpool and Manchester RailwayLiverpool to Manchester line
Trade, and feeding the growing population, required a large transport and distribution infrastructure: the canal system was extended, and Manchester became one end of the world's first intercity passenger railway—the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was a railway opened on 15 September 1830 between the Lancashire towns of Liverpool and Manchester in England.