Mandala 8

RV 88book 8eighth
The eighth Mandala of the Rigveda has 103 hymns.wikipedia
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Rigveda

Rig VedaRigvedicRig-Veda
The eighth Mandala of the Rigveda has 103 hymns.
The eighth and ninth mandalas, comprising hymns of mixed age, account for 15% and 9%, respectively.

Maruts

MarutMarutaMarutas
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.
The number of Marutas varies from 27 to sixty (three times sixty in RV 8.96.8).

Mandala 1

RV 1first bookRig Veda 1
Other than the "family books" (Mandalas 2-7, dated as an old part of the RV) and RV 1 and RV 10 (dated as the latest portion of hymns composed shortly before redaction of the Rigveda into shakhas), Mandala 8 cannot straightforwardly be dated as a whole relative to the other books, and its hymns may include both ancient and late specimens.

Mandala 10

RV 1010Tenth Mandala
Other than the "family books" (Mandalas 2-7, dated as an old part of the RV) and RV 1 and RV 10 (dated as the latest portion of hymns composed shortly before redaction of the Rigveda into shakhas), Mandala 8 cannot straightforwardly be dated as a whole relative to the other books, and its hymns may include both ancient and late specimens.

Shakha

AshvalayanashakhasVedic scholar
Other than the "family books" (Mandalas 2-7, dated as an old part of the RV) and RV 1 and RV 10 (dated as the latest portion of hymns composed shortly before redaction of the Rigveda into shakhas), Mandala 8 cannot straightforwardly be dated as a whole relative to the other books, and its hymns may include both ancient and late specimens.

Indra

Lord IndraDevendranTaishakuten
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma. The hymns 8.49 to 8.59 are the apocryphal vālakhilya, the majority of them are devoted to Indra; these are accepted as a recent portion, properly already post-Rigvedic.

Agni

FireAgnīTejas
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Aśvins

AshvinsAsvinsNasatya
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Âdityas

AdityaAdityasĀdityas
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Varuna

VaruṇaVarunVarun Dev
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Mitra–Varuna

Mitra-Varuna
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Visvedevas

VishvadevasVisvadevasVishvedevas
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Soma (drink)

Somapava-manaSoma as a ritual drink
The hymns are dedicated to Indra, Agni, the Asvins, the Maruts, the Adityas, Varuna, Mitra-Varuna, the Vishvadevas, and Soma.

Vāc

VacVakspeech
8.100 is dedicated to Indra and Vak (Speech).

Rishi

Rishissageṛṣi
8.55 and 8.56 praise "Praskanva's Gift", the reward given to the rishi by Dasyave-vrka "the wolf of the Dasyus", a hero who in alliance with the Kanvas has won a victory over the Dasyus.

Kanva

KanvasKanva MaharshiKanvamahirshi
8.55 and 8.56 praise "Praskanva's Gift", the reward given to the rishi by Dasyave-vrka "the wolf of the Dasyus", a hero who in alliance with the Kanvas has won a victory over the Dasyus.

Dasa

DasyudāsaDahas
8.55 and 8.56 praise "Praskanva's Gift", the reward given to the rishi by Dasyave-vrka "the wolf of the Dasyus", a hero who in alliance with the Kanvas has won a victory over the Dasyus.

Avesta

Zend AvestaYounger AvestaAvestas
According to some scholars, the 8th Mandala has the most striking similarity to the Avesta.: it contains allusions to Afghan Flora and Fauna, e.g. to camels ( = Avestan uštra (c.f. Zaraθ-uštra; RV 8.4.7, 8.5.37, 8.46.22, 8.46.31; elsewhere in the RV only in 1.138.2).

Afghanistan

AfghanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAfghans
According to some scholars, the 8th Mandala has the most striking similarity to the Avesta.: it contains allusions to Afghan Flora and Fauna, e.g. to camels ( = Avestan uštra (c.f. Zaraθ-uštra; RV 8.4.7, 8.5.37, 8.46.22, 8.46.31; elsewhere in the RV only in 1.138.2).

Avestan

Avestan languageOld AvestanAv.
According to some scholars, the 8th Mandala has the most striking similarity to the Avesta.: it contains allusions to Afghan Flora and Fauna, e.g. to camels ( = Avestan uštra (c.f. Zaraθ-uštra; RV 8.4.7, 8.5.37, 8.46.22, 8.46.31; elsewhere in the RV only in 1.138.2).

Zoroaster

ZarathustraZarathushtra(Pseudo‑)Zoroaster
According to some scholars, the 8th Mandala has the most striking similarity to the Avesta.: it contains allusions to Afghan Flora and Fauna, e.g. to camels ( = Avestan uštra (c.f. Zaraθ-uštra; RV 8.4.7, 8.5.37, 8.46.22, 8.46.31; elsewhere in the RV only in 1.138.2).

Rigvedic rivers

Sapta SindhuriversAnitabha
The river name Suvastu in 8.19.37 refers to the Swat River in Gandhari.

Swat River

SwatRiver SwatSuvastu
The river name Suvastu in 8.19.37 refers to the Swat River in Gandhari.

Gandhari language

GandhariGāndhārīGāndhārī language
The river name Suvastu in 8.19.37 refers to the Swat River in Gandhari.

Ralph T. H. Griffith

GriffithRalph T.H. GriffithRalph Griffith
The dedication as given by Griffith is in the square brackets.