Manga

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Manga are comics or graphic novels created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.wikipedia
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Japanese art

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They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art. One view represented by other writers such as Frederik L. Schodt, Kinko Ito, and Adam L. Kern, stress continuity of Japanese cultural and aesthetic traditions, including pre-war, Meiji, and pre-Meiji culture and art.
Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, ceramics, origami, and more recently manga—modern Japanese cartooning and comics—along with a myriad of other types.

Colorful (manga)

ColorfulColorful'' (manga)
Manga stories are typically printed in black-and-white, although some full-color manga exist (e.g., Colorful). In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines, often containing many stories, each presented in a single episode to be continued in the next issue.
Colorful is a Japanese manga series by Torajirō Kishi.

Tankōbon

bound volumesbound volumebunkoban
If the series is successful, collected chapters may be republished in tankōbon volumes, frequently but not exclusively, paperback books.
In modern Japan, though, it is most often used in reference to individual volumes of a single manga, as opposed to magazines, which feature multiple series.

Mangaka

manga artistmanga artistsmanga author
A manga artist (mangaka in Japanese) typically works with a few assistants in a small studio and is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing company.
"Mangaka" is the Japanese word for manga artist. Outside Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book, and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese.

Manhua

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Manga-influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in Algeria ("DZ-manga"), China, Hong Kong, Taiwan ("manhua"), and South Korea ("manhwa").
It became popular in Japan as manga in the late 18th century.

Comic book

comic bookscomic-bookcomic
Adam L. Kern has suggested that kibyoshi, picture books from the late 18th century, may have been the world's first comic books.
By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion (US$6–7 billion), with annual sales of 1.9billion manga books/magazines in Japan (equivalent to 15issues per person).

Manhwa

manwhacomiccomic book
Manga-influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in Algeria ("DZ-manga"), China, Hong Kong, Taiwan ("manhua"), and South Korea ("manhwa").
Linguistically, 漫画 (manga), 漫画 (manhua), and 만화 (漫畫 manhwa) all mean comics in Japanese, Chinese, and Korean respectively.

Astro Boy

Mighty AtomLittle Astro BoyTetsuwan Atom
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity occurred in the post-war period, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka (Astro Boy) and Machiko Hasegawa (Sazae-san). Astro Boy quickly became (and remains) immensely popular in Japan and elsewhere, and the anime adaptation of Sazae-san drawing more viewers than any other anime on Japanese television in 2011.
Astro Boy, known in Japan by its original name Mighty Atom, is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Osamu Tezuka.

Shōjo manga

Shōjoshōjo'' mangashojo
Hasegawa's focus on daily life and on women's experience also came to characterize later shōjo manga.
Shōjo, shojo, or shoujo manga is manga aimed at a teenage female target-demographic readership.

Shōnen manga

Shōnenshōnen'' mangashonen
Between 1950 and 1969, an increasingly large readership for manga emerged in Japan with the solidification of its two main marketing genres, shōnen manga aimed at boys and shōjo manga aimed at girls.
Shōnen, shonen, or shounen manga is manga aimed at a teen male target-demographic readership.

Osamu Tezuka

Tezuka OsamuTezukaO.T.
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity occurred in the post-war period, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka (Astro Boy) and Machiko Hasegawa (Sazae-san). Astro Boy quickly became (and remains) immensely popular in Japan and elsewhere, and the anime adaptation of Sazae-san drawing more viewers than any other anime on Japanese television in 2011.
Born in Osaka Prefecture, his prolific output, pioneering techniques, and innovative redefinitions of genres earned him such titles as "the father of manga", "the godfather of manga" and "the god of manga".

Anime

animatedJapanese animationJapanese animated
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity occurred in the post-war period, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka (Astro Boy) and Machiko Hasegawa (Sazae-san). Astro Boy quickly became (and remains) immensely popular in Japan and elsewhere, and the anime adaptation of Sazae-san drawing more viewers than any other anime on Japanese television in 2011. If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated after or even during its run.
The 1970s saw a surge of growth in the popularity of manga, Japanese comic books and graphic novels, many of which were later animated.

Seinen manga

Seinenseinen'' mangaseinen magazine
Manga for male readers sub-divides according to the age of its intended readership: boys up to 18 years old (shōnen manga) and young men 18 to 30 years old (seinen manga); as well as by content, including action-adventure often involving male heroes, slapstick humor, themes of honor, and sometimes explicit sex.
Seinen manga are manga marketed toward young adult men.

Frederik L. Schodt

Fred SchodtFrederick SchodtFrederik Schodt
One view represented by other writers such as Frederik L. Schodt, Kinko Ito, and Adam L. Kern, stress continuity of Japanese cultural and aesthetic traditions, including pre-war, Meiji, and pre-Meiji culture and art.
Schodt is notable in manga and anime fandom for his translations of works such as Osamu Tezuka's Phoenix, Tezuka's Astro Boy, Riyoko Ikeda's The Rose of Versailles, Keiji Nakazawa's Barefoot Gen, Henry Yoshitaka Kiyama's The Four Immigrants Manga and others.

Negima! Magister Negi Magi

Negima!Mahou Sensei NegimaMahou Sensei Negima! Anime Final
The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
, is a manga series written and illustrated by Ken Akamatsu, known for his best-selling title Love Hina.

Belldandy

The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
Belldandy is a character in the popular anime and manga series Oh My Goddess!.

Oh My Goddess!

Ah! My GoddessOh My GoddessAh! My Goddess: Flights of Fancy
The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
, or Ah! My Goddess! in some releases, is a Japanese seinen manga series written and illustrated by Kōsuke Fujishima.

Kitazawa Rakuten

Kitazawa RakuteRakuten Kitazawa
Rakuten Kitazawa (1876–1955) first used the word "manga" in the modern sense.
He is considered by many historians to be the founding father of modern manga because his work was an inspiration to many younger manga artists and animators.

Hanaukyo Maid Team

Hanaukyo Maid Team: La VeriteHanaukyo Maid Team La VeriteHanaukyo Maid Tai La Verite
The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
Hanaukyo Maid Team is a manga bishōjo series created by Morishige.

Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch

Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch PureMermaid Melody (2nd season)Pichi Pichi Pitch
With the superheroines, shōjo manga saw releases such as Pink Hanamori's Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch Reiko Yoshida's Tokyo Mew Mew, And, Naoko Takeuchi's Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon, which became internationally popular in both manga and anime formats.
The manga was originally published in the monthly shōjo manga anthology Nakayoshi.

Pink Hanamori

With the superheroines, shōjo manga saw releases such as Pink Hanamori's Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch Reiko Yoshida's Tokyo Mew Mew, And, Naoko Takeuchi's Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon, which became internationally popular in both manga and anime formats.
Pink Hanamori is a Japanese manga artist known for illustrating the manga Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch which was written by Michiko Yokote.

Gekiga

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The gekiga style of storytelling—thematically somber, adult-oriented, and sometimes deeply violent—focuses on the day-in, day-out grim realities of life, often drawn in a gritty and unvarnished fashion.
The name gekiga was coined in 1957 by Yoshihiro Tatsumi and adopted by other more serious Japanese cartoonists, who did not want their trade to be known by the more common term manga or "whimsical pictures".

Newtype

Newtype Anime AwardsNewtype AceNewtype Anime Award
Other magazines such as the anime fandom magazine Newtype featured single chapters within their monthly periodicals.
Newtype is a monthly magazine publication originating from Japan, covering anime and manga (and to a lesser extent, tokusatsu, Japanese science fiction and video games).

Black and white

black-and-whiteblack & whiteblack-and-white film
Manga stories are typically printed in black-and-white, although some full-color manga exist (e.g., Colorful). In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines, often containing many stories, each presented in a single episode to be continued in the next issue.
Manga (Japanese or Japanese-influenced comics) are typically published in black-and-white although now it is part of its image.

Manga cafe

manga cafémanga kissa
For example, male readers may subscribe to a series intended for female readers, and so on. Japan has manga cafés, or manga kissa (kissa is an abbreviation of kissaten). At a manga kissa, people drink coffee, read manga and sometimes stay overnight.
A manga café is a kind of café in Japan where people can read manga.