Manga

manga magazineJapanese mangaJapanese comicscomicsmanga seriesmagazineweb mangaJapanese comiccomiccomic books
Manga are comics or graphic novels created in Japan or by person using the Japanese language and conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.wikipedia
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Japanese art

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They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art. One view represented by other writers such as Frederik L. Schodt, Kinko Ito, and Adam L. Kern, stress continuity of Japanese cultural and aesthetic traditions, including pre-war, Meiji, and pre-Meiji culture and art.
Japanese Art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, ceramics, origami, and more recently manga which is modern Japanese cartoons and comics along with a myriad of other types.

Comics

comiccomic bookcomic series
Manga are comics or graphic novels created in Japan or by person using the Japanese language and conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
By the mid-20th century, comics flourished, particularly in the United States, western Europe (especially France and Belgium), and Japan.

Hentai

adulterotichentai scenes
The medium includes works in a broad range of genres: action, adventure, business and commerce, comedy, detective, drama, historical, horror, mystery, romance, science fiction and fantasy, erotica (hentai), sports and games, and suspense, among others.
Outside of Japan, hentai ( or へんたい; ; lit. "pervert") is anime and manga pornography.

Colorful (manga)

ColorfulColorful'' (manga)
Manga stories are typically printed in black-and-white, although some full-color manga exist (e.g., Colorful).
Colorful is a Japanese manga series by Torajirō Kishi.

Tankōbon

bound volumesbound volumebunkoban
Collected chapters are usually republished in tankōbon volumes, frequently but not exclusively, paperback books.
In modern Japan, though, it is most often used in reference to individual volumes of a single manga, as opposed to magazines, which feature multiple series.

Mangaka

manga artistmanga artistsmanga author
A manga artist (mangaka in Japanese) typically works with a few assistants in a small studio and is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing company.
Outside Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book, and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese.

Manhua

web manhuaChinese webcomicsChinese web
Manga-influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in Algeria ("DZ-manga"), China, Hong Kong, Taiwan ("manhua"), and South Korea ("manhwa").
It became popular in Japan as manga in the late 18th century.

Comic book

comic bookscomic-bookcomic
Adam L. Kern has suggested that kibyoshi, picture books from the late 18th century, may have been the world's first comic books.
By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion (US$6–7 billion), with annual sales of 1.9billion manga books/magazines in Japan (equivalent to 15issues per person).

Astro Boy

AstroboyMighty AtomTetsuwan Atom
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity occurred in the post-war period, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka (Astro Boy) and Machiko Hasegawa (Sazae-san).
Astro Boy, known in Japan by its original name Mighty Atom, is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Osamu Tezuka.

Manhwa

manwhacomiccomic book
Manga-influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in Algeria ("DZ-manga"), China, Hong Kong, Taiwan ("manhua"), and South Korea ("manhwa").
Linguistically, 漫画 (manga), 漫画 (manhua), and 만화 (漫畵 manhwa) all mean comics in Japanese, Chinese, and Korean respectively.

Shōjo manga

Shōjoshōjo'' mangashojo
Hasegawa's focus on daily life and on women's experience also came to characterize later shōjo manga. Between 1950 and 1969, an increasingly large readership for manga emerged in Japan with the solidification of its two main marketing genres, shōnen manga aimed at boys and shōjo manga aimed at girls.
Shōjo, shojo, or shoujo manga is manga aimed at a teenage female target-demographic readership.

Shōnen manga

Shōnenshōnen'' mangashonen
Between 1950 and 1969, an increasingly large readership for manga emerged in Japan with the solidification of its two main marketing genres, shōnen manga aimed at boys and shōjo manga aimed at girls.
Shōnen, shonen, or shounen manga is manga aimed at a young teen male target-demographic.

Osamu Tezuka

Tezuka OsamuOsama TezukaStory Manga
Regardless of its source, an explosion of artistic creativity occurred in the post-war period, involving manga artists such as Osamu Tezuka (Astro Boy) and Machiko Hasegawa (Sazae-san).
Born in Osaka Prefecture, his prolific output, pioneering techniques, and innovative redefinitions of genres earned him such titles as "the father of manga", "the godfather of manga" and "the god of manga".

Anime

animatedJapanese animationJapanese animated
If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated after or during its run.
The 1970s saw a surge of growth in the popularity of manga, Japanese comic books and graphic novels, many of which were later animated.

Seinen manga

Seinenseinen'' mangaseinen magazine
Manga for male readers sub-divides according to the age of its intended readership: boys up to 18 years old (shōnen manga) and young men 18 to 30 years old (seinen manga); as well as by content, including action-adventure often involving male heroes, slapstick humor, themes of honor, and sometimes explicit sex.
Seinen manga are manga marketed toward young adult men.

Moto Hagio

Hagio Moto
The group included Moto Hagio, Riyoko Ikeda, Yumiko Ōshima, Keiko Takemiya, and Ryoko Yamagishi.
She is considered a "founding mother" of modern shōjo manga, especially shōnen-ai.

Negima! Magister Negi Magi

Negima!NegimaNegima!: Magister Negi Magi
The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
, is a manga series written and illustrated by Ken Akamatsu, known for his best-selling title Love Hina.

Belldandy

The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
Belldandy is a character in the popular anime and manga series Oh My Goddess!.

Oh My Goddess!

Ah! My GoddessThe Adventures of Mini-GoddessOh! My Goddess
The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
My Goddess!' in some releases, is a Japanese seinen manga series written and illustrated by Kōsuke Fujishima.

Hanaukyo Maid Team

Hanaukyo Maid Team: La VeriteHanaukyo Maid Team La VeriteHanaukyo Maid Tai
The role of girls and women in manga produced for male readers has evolved considerably over time to include those featuring single pretty girls (bishōjo) such as Belldandy from Oh My Goddess!, stories where such girls and women surround the hero, as in Negima and Hanaukyo Maid Team, or groups of heavily armed female warriors (sentō bishōjo)
Hanaukyo Maid Team is a Japanese manga series created by Morishige.

Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch

Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch PureMermaid Melody: Pichi Pichi PitchMermaid Melody
With the superheroines, shōjo manga saw releases such as Pink Hanamori's Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch Reiko Yoshida's Tokyo Mew Mew, And, Naoko Takeuchi's Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon, which became internationally popular in both manga and anime formats.
The manga was originally published in the monthly shōjo manga anthology Nakayoshi.

Kitazawa Rakuten

Rakuten KitazawaKitazawa Rakute
Rakuten Kitazawa (1876–1955) first used the word "manga" in the modern sense.
He is considered by many historians to be the founding father of modern manga because his work was an inspiration to many younger manga artists and animators.

Frederik L. Schodt

Frederik SchodtFred SchodtFrederick L. Schodt
One view represented by other writers such as Frederik L. Schodt, Kinko Ito, and Adam L. Kern, stress continuity of Japanese cultural and aesthetic traditions, including pre-war, Meiji, and pre-Meiji culture and art.
Schodt is notable in manga and anime fandom for his translations of works such as Osamu Tezuka's Phoenix, Tezuka's Astro Boy, Riyoko Ikeda's The Rose of Versailles, Keiji Nakazawa's Barefoot Gen, Henry Yoshitaka Kiyama's The Four Immigrants Manga and others.

Pink Hanamori

With the superheroines, shōjo manga saw releases such as Pink Hanamori's Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch Reiko Yoshida's Tokyo Mew Mew, And, Naoko Takeuchi's Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon, which became internationally popular in both manga and anime formats.
Pink Hanamori is a Japanese manga artist known for illustrating the manga Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch which was written by Michiko Yokote.

Gekiga

Gekiga KōbōJapanese comicslending libraries
The gekiga style of storytelling—thematically somber, adult-oriented, and sometimes deeply violent—focuses on the day-in, day-out grim realities of life, often drawn in a gritty and unvarnished fashion.
The name gekiga was coined in 1957 by Yoshihiro Tatsumi and adopted by other more serious Japanese cartoonists, who did not want their trade to be known by the more common term manga or "whimsical pictures".