A report on Manila

Plate depicting the "nilad" plant (Scyphiphora hydrophylacea), from Augustinian missionary Fray Francisco Manuel Blanco's botanical reference, "Flora de Filipinas"
The Laguna Copperplate Inscription is the oldest historical record in the Philippines. It has the first historical reference to Tondo and dates back to Saka 822 (c. 900).
1734 map of the Walled City of Manila. The city was planned according to the Laws of the Indies.
Ayuntamiento de Manila served as the City Hall during the Spanish Colonial Period.
Spanish cannons on a fortress wall in Manila, circa pre-1900
Tutuban Main Station, which was built in 1887, is the main terminal of the Ferrocaril de Manila-Dagupan (now known as the Philippine National Railways). At the present moment, it serves as a shopping center and a public transit hub.
The 1905 Burnham Plan of Manila recommended improving the city's transit systems by creating diagonal arteries radiating from the new central civic district into areas at the outskirts of the city.
The tranvía running along Escolta Street during the American period.
Aerial view of Manila, 1936
USS Essex TBF-1 Avenger dropping a bomb over Pasig River in Manila targeting the dockyard, 14 November 1944
The destruction brought about by the Battle of Manila in 1945
View of the Rizal Monument in Rizal Park.
Skyline of Manila as seen from Harbour Square.
The Manila Bay sunset
The Manila Bay Beach during the International Coastal Cleanup Day in September 2020
Manila is divided into six congressional districts.
District map of Manila showing its sixteen districts.
Temperature and rainfall
Air pollution in Quiapo-Binondo area.
Street map of Manila city proper indicating points of interest
Ermita-Malate skyline in Manila
The façade of the NCCA Metropolitan Theater, designed by Filipino architect Juan M. Arellano
Jones Bridge was redeveloped in 2019 to "restore" it to its near-original design using Beaux-Arts architecture.
The Luneta Hotel, an example of French Renaissance architecture with Filipino stylized beaux art
People flocking the street market at Plaza Miranda.
A Toyota Vios of the Manila Police District
Aerial view of the Port of Manila, the chief port of the Philippines.
The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the central bank of the Philippines
Skyline of Binondo, the central business district of the city of Manila, as seen from Fort Santiago
Landbank Plaza, the headquarters of the Land Bank of the Philippines.
The historic Plaza Moriones in Fort Santiago, Intramuros.
Divisoria is a popular flea market for locals and tourists.
The National Museum of Fine Arts.
The National Museum of Natural History at Agrifina Circle, Rizal Park.
Aerial view of the city-owned Rizal Memorial Sports Complex, considered as the national sports complex of the Philippines.
Children playing basketball at the ruins of San Ignacio Church in Intramuros
The Intramuros Golf Club
Catholic devotees during the Feast of the Black Nazarene (Traslacíon)
Manila City Hall, the seat of city government
Isko Moreno, the city mayor
Especially since martial law era, Manila, being home of nationally-significant government offices and being the national capital, has been a venue for major protests.
The Smokey Mountain Housing Project was built on a former landfill. Continuous development of housing buildings continues up to the present day.
Jeepneys are one of the most popular modes of transportation in Manila
Pureza station of LRT Line 2 in Santa Mesa
Blumentritt Station of the LRT Line 1
De La Salle University is a Lasallian educational institution established in 1911.
The campus of the University of the City of Manila and Baluarte de San Diego in Intramuros.
Manila Cathedral is the seat of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila
The Minor Basilica of San Sebastián is the only all-steel church in Asia.<ref name="whl">{{Cite web |title=World Heritage: San Sebastian Church |url=https://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/518/ |access-date=April 20, 2008 |website=Tentative List for the World Heritage List |publisher=UNESCO}}</ref>
San Agustín Church in Intramuros, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Binondo Church serves the Roman Catholic Chinese community
Quiapo Church, home of the iconic Black Nazarene whose Traslacion feast is celebrated every January 9
Grand Marian Procession in Intramuros
alt=|Sto. Niño de Pandacan Church before the 2020 fire

Capital of the Philippines, and its second-most populous city.

- Manila
Plate depicting the "nilad" plant (Scyphiphora hydrophylacea), from Augustinian missionary Fray Francisco Manuel Blanco's botanical reference, "Flora de Filipinas"

303 related topics with Alpha

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Philippines

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Archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

Archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

Philip II of Spain
The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the oldest known writing found in the Philippines
Manila (1847)
Filipino Ilustrados in Spain formed the Propaganda Movement. Photographed in 1890.
General Douglas MacArthur coming ashore during the Battle of Leyte on October 20, 1944
The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo was the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
Topography of the Philippines
Mayon is an active stratovolcano, located in the south of the island of Luzon
The Philippine Eagle is endemic to the forests of the country.
A male Celestial monarch seen in Bislig.
Köppen climate classification of the Philippines
Malacañan Palace is the official residence of the president of the Philippines.
President Rodrigo Duterte and U.S. President Donald Trump discuss matters during a bilateral meeting in November 2017.
BRP Jose Rizal (FF-150) is the lead ship of her class of guided missile frigates of the Philippine Navy
Administrative map of the Philippines
Dominant ethnic groups by province
A map that shows all ethnolinguistic groups in the Philippines.
The historical Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte. Declared as a National Cultural Treasure by the Philippine government in 1973 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the collective group of Baroque Churches of the Philippines in 1993.
St. Luke's Medical Center in Taguig.
Founded in 1611, the University of Santo Tomas is the oldest extant university in Asia.
Real GPD per capita development of the Philippines
A proportional representation of Philippines exports, 2019
Filipinos planting rice. Agriculture employs 23% of the Filipino workforce.
Headquarters of the International Rice Research Institute in Los Baños, Laguna.
Limestone cliffs of El Nido, Palawan.
An LRT Line 2 train at Santolan station.
Ambuklao Dam in Bokod, Benguet.
A participant of the Ati-Atihan Festival.
A statue in Iriga City commemorating the mano po gesture
Colonial houses in Vigan.
Cariñosa, a Hispanic era dance for traditional Filipino courtship.
José Rizal is a pioneer of Philippine Revolution through his literary works.
Philippines men's national basketball team celebrating the 2015 Southeast Asian Games championship.

Manila is the country's capital, while the largest city is Quezon City; both lie within the urban area of Metro Manila.

Metro Manila

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Seat of government and one of three defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines.

Seat of government and one of three defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines.

Nichols Field runway with Manila in the background, taken prior to 1941
Metropolitan Manila, or the National Capital Region, is divided morphologically into three major parts. These are the: Central Plateau, Coastal Lowland, and Marikina Valley
Drainage map of the Pasig-Marikina River system
Flooding brought by Typhoon Ketsana (Tropical Storm Ondoy) in 2009 caused 484 deaths in Metro Manila alone.
Commemoration of 119th Rizal Day at Rizal Park
Malacañan Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines.
The Batasang Pambansa Complex is the seat of the House of Representatives.
MMDA Headquarters (2012)
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Districts of Metro Manila
The Smokey Mountain Development and Reclamation Project for the former Smokey Mountain dumpsite and slum community is a prime example of in-city relocation housing for informal settler families in Tondo, City of Manila.
Ayala Avenue, looking westward, in the Makati Central Business District.
Bonifacio Global City and Makati skylines from Grand Hyatt Manila, the tallest building in the Philippines.
Aerial view of the SM Mall of Asia Complex (2016)
Gate of Fort Santiago at the historic walled area of Intramuros, City of Manila. (2013)
San Agustin Church, which was built in 1604 is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Okada Manila is one of Metro Manila's integrated casino resort and hotel complex.
"Spoliarium", displayed at the National Museum of the Philippines
A 2019 Southeast Asian Games basketball game held at the Mall of Asia Arena.
University of the Philippines Diliman is the flagship campus of the University of the Philippines since 1949.
The University of Santo Tomas, established in 1611, has the oldest extant university charter in Asia.
De La Salle University (DLSU)
Camp Crame is the headquarters of the Philippine National Police
Camp Aguinaldo is the headquarters of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
A flyover on EDSA at its intersection with Quezon Avenue.
Portion of South Luzon Expressway at the southern tip of Metro Manila
The Santolan station of the Line 2.
System map of the Metro Manila railway system.
Water zones for Metro Manila and the surrounding areas. Maynilad Water Services operates in the red areas while Manila Water operates in the blue areas.
Makati CBD is the principal central business district of the Philippines.
The Metro Manila skyline from San Mateo, Rizal, looking at Makati CBD, Ortigas CBD, Eastwood City and Bonifacio Global City.
The Northern Metro Manila skyline from San Mateo, Rizal, looking at Manila, Araneta City, and Quezon City.
The Northern Roxas Boulevard Skyline.
The Makati, Bay City, and Entertainment City skylines from Manila Bay.

It is composed of 16 cities: the city of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, as well as the municipality of Pateros.

Quezon City

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Most populous city in the Philippines.

Most populous city in the Philippines.

Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd president of the Philippines and the visionary behind the creation of Quezon City is the namesake of the city
The transfer of the University of the Philippines from Manila to Diliman was a precedent for the creation of Quezon City
Quezon Memorial Circle is the focal point of the newly-established capital city where the proposed Capitol Building of the Philippines is supposed to rise.
Territories ceded by Caloocan to form Quezon City. Existing territorial boundaries. Detached by Commonwealth Act 502 (1939).  Novaliches area. Detached by Republic Act 392 (1949).
The Bantayog ng mga Bayani was dedicated in honor of the all the people that struggled during the Marcos regime.
EDSA Shrine
Elevation map of Quezon City. The drop in elevation along the eastern border of the city follows the length of the West Valley Fault.
2013 Skyline of North EDSA, featuring SM City North EDSA.
Tandang Sora National Shrine in Balintawak is dedicated to Melchora Aquino, who was a prominent figure in the Philippine Revolution.
Historic Socorro Water Towers in Socorro, Cubao which has been converted as the Socorro Barangay Hall.
Balete Drive in New Manila is known in Filipino folklore as a haunted place, where a white lady purportedly appears.
The Philippine Heart Center, one of the country's designer hospitals, was designed in brutalist style.
Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Cubao.
Central Temple of the Iglesia ni Cristo.
Slum in Damayang Lagi
Araneta City in Cubao
Eastwood City in Bagumbayan is the home to country's first and largest cyberpark.
The GMA Network Center in Diliman is the headquarters of GMA Network.
Quezon City Hall, the seat of city government
The DILG-NAPOLCOM Center is the headquarters of the Department of the Interior and Local Government.
BSP Security Plant Complex along East Avenue in NGC I.
Main office of the Social Security System.
Araneta Coliseum
St. Luke's Medical Center – Quezon City (SLMC) is regarded as one of the best private hospitals in the country.
The National Science Complex (NSC) within the University of the Philippines Diliman.
Ateneo de Manila University, regarded as the best private university in the Philippines.
EDSA near Kamuning Station.
EDSA-Aurora Boulevard crossing, showing the viaducts of LRT-2 and MRT-3. An LRT-2 train is seen passing above.
La Mesa Ecopark in the La Mesa Watershed Reservation, which also contains the La Mesa Dam and Reservoir.
The Payatas dumpsite in 2007. It was permanently closed in 2017.
The Katipunan Tree inside the Metro Manila College campus in Novaliches

The city was intended to be the national capital of the Philippines that would replace Manila, as the latter was suffering from overcrowding, lack of housing, poor sanitation, and traffic congestion.

The sketch of the Plaza de Roma Manila by Fernando Brambila, a member of the Malaspina Expedition during their stop in Manila in 1792

Intramuros

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The sketch of the Plaza de Roma Manila by Fernando Brambila, a member of the Malaspina Expedition during their stop in Manila in 1792
Plaza Santo Tomas is where the Santo Domingo Church, Colegio de Santa Rosa and the original University of Santo Tomas were built during the Spanish Colonial Period
A 1734 map of Intramuros, from the Carta Hydrographica y Chorographica de las Yslas Filipinas
An 1851 map of Intramuros
Puerta de Santa Lucia in 1873
Baluarte de San Diego
Main entrance of Fort Santiago, Intramuros
Plaza de Roma was the main square of the Walled City
Casa Manila is an example of Bahay na bato architecture
1902 photo taking by a US Military Personnel showing Spanish artillery
Aerial view of the Walled City, 1939
Destruction of the Walled City in the aftermath of the Battle of Manila.
Ayuntamiento de Manila
Intramuros and South Harbor in 2018
The Bayleaf Intramuros Hotel is an exemplary model for adaptive reuse of postwar buildings.
Atop City Walls of Intramuros
Watchtower of the Baluarte de San Andres
The current Puerta Real (Royal Gate) was built in 1780 and was restored in 1969 with additional works made in 1989
Aduana Building ruins
Modernist buildings can also be seen in Intramuros (bottom). The district has been criticized as an example of inauthentic Spanish colonial period design.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Colegio de Santa Rosa
Lyceum of the Philippines University
Manila High School
Aerial photo of the Campus of Mapúa University
University of the City of Manila
Manila Cathedral is the seat of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila. The basilica has merited a papal endorsement from Pope Gregory XIII and three apostolic visits from Pope Paul VI, Pope John Paul II and Pope Francis.
The San Agustin Church, a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the collective title Baroque Churches of the Philippines.

Intramuros (Latin for "inside the walls") is the 0.67 km2 historic walled area within the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines.

Pasig River

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River in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay.

River in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay.

1847 painting by José Honorato Lozano showing a casco barge and sampans traversing the Puente de España bridge (replaced by the Jones Bridge)
View of Pasig River in 1826-1829
Casco barges, steamers, and other sailing vessels in Pasig in 1917
The Pasig River in 1899
Aerial view of Fort William McKinley and Pasig River, circa 1930s
The Laguna de Bay was a Pasig River steamer operated by a Spanish company, and was a type of vessel immortalized in José Rizal's novels. It is shown here after its conversion into an American gunboat. The modification of civilian vessels for war by fitting artillery pieces had previously been practiced by the Philippine and Spanish navies.  The modern counterparts of the Pasig steamers are the Pasig water buses.
Pasig River in 1900
Barge on Pasig River.
Pasig River near Quiapo.
View from Fort Santiago.
View from Guadalupe Bridge.
Pasig River with the Old Post Office Building
Boat transportation along Pasig River

Stretching for 25.2 km, it bisects the Philippine capital of Manila and its surrounding urban area into northern and southern halves.

Cities of the Philippines

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One of the units of local government in the Philippines.

One of the units of local government in the Philippines.

Examples of such are the cities of Manila (16 districts), Davao (11 districts), Iloilo (seven districts), and Samal (three districts: Babak, Kaputian and Peñaplata).

Ermita

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Luneta Promenade in the late 1890s.
Burnham Plan of Manila, 1905
Aerial view of Ermita District facing the Manila Bay
Manila Metropolitan Theater along Padre Burgos Street
Kalaw Avenue south of Rizal Park

Ermita is a district in Manila, Philippines.

Map of the Philippines at the end of the 19th century.

Philippine Revolution

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Revolution, a civil war and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities of the Spanish East Indies, under the Spanish Empire (Kingdom of Spain).

Revolution, a civil war and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities of the Spanish East Indies, under the Spanish Empire (Kingdom of Spain).

Map of the Philippines at the end of the 19th century.
A sketch of a Spanish galleon during Manila-Acapulco Trade.
Leaders of the reform movement in Spain: José Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce. Photo was taken in Spain in 1890.
Ilustrados in Madrid, c.1890; Standing clockwise from left: Vicente Francisco, Cajigas, José Abreu, Mariano Abella, Dominador Gómez, Francisco Tongio Liongson, Flaviano Cordecruz, a Tuazon from Malabon, Alejandro Yance de Lara, Lauro Dimayuga, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Gregorio Aguilera, José Rizal, José Alejandrino, Baldomero Roxas, Moises Salvador, Modesto Reyes, Gaudencio Juanengo, Pablo Rianzares Bautista; Seated from left: Dr. Santamaria, Candido Morada, Damaso Ponce, Ariston Bautista, Pedro Serrano Lactao, and Teodoro Sandiko
Priests Mariano Gómez, Jacinto Zamora, and José Burgos (L-R, remembered in Philippine history as Gomburza)
A copy of La Solidaridad (Solidarity)
Bonifacio's Katipunan battle flag.
Monument for the 1896 Revolution in University of the Philippines Diliman.
Katipunan supreme leader Andrés Bonifacio
Rizal's execution in what was then Bagumbayan.
Emilio Aguinaldo as a field marshal during the battle.
Inang Filipina Shrine
Panorama of the Park and the Shrine
Facade
The flag used by the Republic of Biak-na-Bato.
Battle of Manila Bay.
Thomas M. Anderson
General Gregorio del Pilar
Map of the Philippines during the inauguration of the First Philippine Republic.
Felipe Agoncillo was the Filipino representative to the negotiations in Paris that led to the Treaty of Paris (1898), ending the Spanish–American War. He has been referred to as the "outstanding first Filipino diplomat."

Bonifacio called for an attack on the capital city of Manila.

Aerial view of the Guadalupe ruins, 1932

Makati

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1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines.

1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines.

Aerial view of the Guadalupe ruins, 1932
Ayala Avenue (1982)
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Map of Makati; note that Makati controls strips of land of Barangay Post Proper Northside and Post Proper Southside, Makati.
Ayala Triangle area
The University of Makati
University of Makati Stadium.
The Magallanes Interchange
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Parts of the city were once subject to the pre-Hispanic Kingdom of Namayan, whose capital is now in the Santa Ana district of Manila.

Tondo (historical polity)

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Major trade hub located on the northern part of the Pasig River delta, on Luzon island.

Major trade hub located on the northern part of the Pasig River delta, on Luzon island.

Tondo and its alliance network by 1565.
Tondo and Namayan under Dayang Kalangitan in 1450.
Plate depicting the "tundok" plant (Aegiceras corniculatum), from Fray Francisco Manuel Blanco's "Flora de Filipinas"
Tondo and Namayan under Dayang Kalangitan in 1450.
Detail of the Duque de Almodóvar's 1787 "Plan de Manila su Bahia y Puerto de Cavite" with the islands of Binondo, Tondo, and Isla de Balut highlighted in sepia.
A portrayal of the Ginu class. From the Boxer Codex, c. 1595.
Map depicting the Greater Indian cultural sphere, showing the Philippines as among the countries, highlighted in yellow, which are outside the Indian cultural zone but have considerable current or historical Indian cultural influence.
Map depicting the expansion of Hinduism in the Philippines, showing an indirect Indian religious influence filtered through the cultures of the Malaysian and Indonesian archipelagos.
Tondo and Maynila's shared trade relations with China make the Manila bay area one of the northernmost points on the route of the Silk Road.
The Piloncitos, a type of Gold nuggets with Baybayin Ma characters. Used as one of the early currency along with Gold rings.
Bangkang Pinawa, ancient Philippine mortar and pestle.
A Japanese Red seal ship. Tokyo Naval Science Museum.
Statue of Luzon Sukezaemon at Sakai Citizens' Hall.
By the end of the 15th century, the Bruneian Empire controlled the western shores of the Philippines.
Laguna Copperplate Inscription (c. 900). The artifact is the first historical record mentioning Tondo.

Tondo's absorption into the Spanish Empire effectively ended its status as an independent political entity; it now exists as a district of the modern City of Manila.