Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. This small temple marks the place where St Peter was put to death
In Parmigianino's Madonna with the Long Neck (1534–1540), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, highly stylized poses, and lack of clear perspective.
Temple of Vesta, Rome, 205 AD. As one of the most important temples of Ancient Rome, it became the model for Bramante's Tempietto
Mannerism role-model: Laocoön and His Sons, an ancient sculpture, rediscovered in 1506; now in the Vatican Museums. The artists of Mannerism greatly admired this piece of sculpture.
Palladio's engraving of Bramante's Tempietto
Collected figures, ignudi, from Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling
Plan of Bramante's Tempietto in Montorio
Jacopo Pontormo, Entombment, 1528; Santa Felicità, Florence
The Piazza del Campidoglio
English Mannerism: Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, 1546, a rare English Mannerist portrait by a Flemish immigrant
The Romanesque Florence Baptistery was the object of Brunelleschi's studies of perspective
Pietro Francavilla, Apollo Victorious over the Python, 1591. The Walters Art Museum
Pope Sixtus IV, 1477, builder of the Sistine Chapel. Fresco by Melozzo da Forlì in the Vatican Palace.
Joachim Wtewael Perseus and Andromeda, 1616, Louvre, the composition displaying a Vanité of bones and seashells in the foreground and an elaborate academic nude with a palette borrowing from the forefront for Andromeda's cheeks. The Dragon seems of sino-oriental influence.
Four Humanist philosophers under the patronage of the Medici: Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino, Angelo Poliziano and Demetrius Chalcondyles. Fresco by Domenico Ghirlandaio.
High Mannerism: Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time by Bronzino, c. 1545; National Gallery, London.
Cosimo de' Medici the Elder, head of the Medici Bank, sponsored civic building programs. Posthumous portrait by Pontormo.
Jacopo Tintoretto, Last Supper, 1592–1594
The Church of the Certosa di Pavia, Lombardy
El Greco, Laocoön (1610–1614), National Gallery of Art
Scuola Grande di San Marco, Venice
Minerva Dressing (1613) by Lavinia Fontana (1552–1614). Galleria Borghese, Rome.
Raphael's unused plan for St. Peter's Basilica
The Vleeshal in Haarlem, Netherlands
Facade of Sant'Agostino, Rome, built in 1483 by Giacomo di Pietrasanta
The Town Hall in Zamość, Poland, designed by Bernardo Morando.
Classical Orders, engraving from the Encyclopédie vol. 18. 18th century.
Stucco overdoor at Fontainebleau, probably designed by Primaticcio, who painted the oval inset, 1530s or 1540s
The Dome of St Peter's Basilica, Rome.
Benvenuto Cellini, Perseus with the head of Medusa, 1545–1554
Courtyard of Palazzo Strozzi, Florence
Giambologna, Samson Slaying a Philistine, about 1562
Ospedale degli Innocenti in Florence.
Giambologna, Abduction of a Sabine Woman, completed 1583, Florence, Italy, 13' 6" high, marble
The dome of Florence Cathedral (the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore)
Adriaen de Vries, Mercury and Psyche Northern Mannerist life-size bronze, made in 1593 for Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor.
The church of San Lorenzo
Venus, c. 125; Marble, Roman; British Museum
Palazzo Medici Riccardi by Michelozzo. Florence, 1444
Jacopo Pontormo Joseph in Egypt, 1515–1518; Oil on wood; 96 x 109 cm; National Gallery, London
Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua, the façade
Rosso Fiorentino, Francois I Gallery, Château de Fontainebleau, France
Façade of Santa Maria Novella, 1456–70
Juno in a niche, engraving by Jacopo Caraglio, probably from a drawing of 1526 by Rosso Fiorentino
The crossing of Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan (1490)
Giuseppe Arcimboldo, The Librarian, 1562, Skokloster Castle.
picture above
Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Autumn, 1573, oil on canvas, Louvre Museum, Paris
The Palazzo Farnese, Rome (1534–1545). Designed by Sangallo and Michelangelo.
Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Vertumnus the god of seasons, 1591, Skokloster Castle
Palazzo Pandolfini, Florence, by Raphael
Bronzino, Portrait of Bia de' Medici, c. 1545
Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne.
Alessandro Allori, Susanna and the Elders, 1561
Palazzo Te, Mantua
El Greco, Baptism, c. 1614
St Peter's Basilica
One of the best examples of Mannerist architecture: Palazzo Te in Mantova, designed by Giulio Romano
The vestibule of the Laurentian Library
Giulio Romano, Pallazo Ducale in Mantova
Il Gesù, designed by Giacomo della Porta.
Own house of Giulio Romano in Mantova
Villa Capra "La Rotonda"
Baldassare Peruzzi, Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne in Rome
Keystone with a profile of a man, Palazzo Giusti, Verona, Italy
Michelangelo, vestibule of Laurentian Library
The House of the Blackheads in Riga, Latvia
St. John's Co-Cathedral in Valletta, Malta
Royal Summer Palace in Prague is considered the purest Renaissance architecture outside of Italy.
Cathedral Basilica of Salvador, Brazil, built between 1657 and 1746, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.<ref>{{citation |contribution=Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia |contribution-url=https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/309 |title=World Heritage List |url=https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/ |publisher=UNESCO |location=Paris }}</ref>
Cathedral of St James, Šibenik
The large Basilica of San Francisco, in Quito, Ecuador, built between 1535-1650.
English Renaissance: Hardwick Hall (1590–1597).
French Renaissance: Château de Chambord (1519–39)
Juleum in Helmstedt, Germany (example of Weser Renaissance)
Antwerp City Hall (finished in 1564)
Courtyard of Wawel Castle exemplifies first period of Polish Renaissance
Cloister of the Convent of Christ, Tomar, Portugal, (1557–1591), Diogo de Torralva and Filippo Terzi.
The Palace of Facets on the Cathedral Square of the Moscow Kremlin.
Nordic Renaissance: Frederiksborg Palace (1602–20)
The Escorial (1563–1584), Madrid
Cathedral Basilica of Salvador built between 1657 and 1746, a UNESCO WHS.
The large Basilica of San Francisco in Quito, built between 1535 and 1650, a UNESCO World Heritage Site city.

Mannerism (c. 1520–1600)

- Renaissance architecture

Mannerist architecture was characterized by visual trickery and unexpected elements that challenged the Renaissance norms.

- Mannerism
Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. This small temple marks the place where St Peter was put to death

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Portrait of Palladio by Alessandro Maganza

Andrea Palladio

Italian Renaissance architect active in the Venetian Republic.

Italian Renaissance architect active in the Venetian Republic.

Portrait of Palladio by Alessandro Maganza
One of the first works by Palladio, Villa Godi (begun 1537)
Hall of the Muses of the Villa Godi (1537–1542)
Villa Piovene (1539)
Villa Pisani, Bagnolo (1542)
Palazzo Thiene (1542–1558), (begun by Giulio Romano, revised and completed by Palladio)
Basilica Palladiana, Vicenza
Ground floor and entrance stairway of the Basilica Palladiana
Upper level loggia of the Basilica Palladiana
Palazzo Chiericati (1550) in Vicenza
Palazzo del Capitaniato (1565–1572)
The front page of I quattro libri dell'architettura (The Four Books of Architecture) (1642 edition)
Villa Cornaro (begun 1553) combined rustic living and an imposing space for formal entertaining
The Hall of the Four Columns
Plan of the Villa Cornaro
The Villa Barbaro in Maser (begun 1557)
The Nymphaeum of the Villa Barbaro
Detail of the Hall of Olympus, with frescoes by Paolo Veronese
Villa Capra "La Rotonda" (begun 1566)
Palladio's plan of the Villa in I quattro libri dell'architettura, 1570
North facade of Villa Foscari, facing the Brenta Canal
Interior decoration of grotesques on salon ceiling of Villa Foscari
South facade of Villa Foscari, with the large windows that illuminate the main salon
Nave of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (1565)
Il Redentore Church in Venice (1576)
Interior of Il Redentore Church in Venice (1576)
Plan by Ottavio Bertotti Scamozzi
Facade of the Tempietto Barbaro
Section of the Tempietto Barbaro, drawn by Scamozzi (1783)
Stage with scenery designed by Vincenzo Scamozzi, who completed the theatre after the death of Palladio
Stage and seating of his last work, the Teatro Olimpico (1584)
House of the Director of the Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans, by Claude Nicolas Ledoux (1775)
La Rotonde customs barrier, Parc Monceau, by Claude Nicolas Ledoux
Palladian garden structure at Steinhöfel by David Gilly (1798)
The Queen's House, Greenwich by Inigo Jones (1616–1635)
Chiswick House by Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and William Kent (completed 1729)
Wilton House south front by Inigo Jones (1650)
Palladio Bridge at Wilton House (1736–37)
Stourhead House by Colen Campbell (1721–24), inspired by Villa Capra
Harvard Hall at Harvard University by Thomas Dawes (1766)
Monticello, residence of Thomas Jefferson (1772)
Winning design for the first United States Capitol by Thomas Thornton (1793)
Clarity and harmony. Villa Badoer (1556–1563), an early use by Palladio of the elements of a Roman temple
The Basilica Palladiana, Vicenza, (begun 1546) with arched Palladian window and round oculi to the loggia.
A variation of the Palladian or Venetian window, with round oculi, at Villa Pojana (1548–49)
Late Palladio style, Mannerist decoration on the facade of the Palazzo del Capitanio (1565–1572)
Palazzo Strozzi courtyard
Villa Capra "La Rotonda" outside Vicenza
San Francesco della Vigna in Venice
Villa Porto
Villa Valmarana
Villa Emo
Villa Saraceno
Villa Cornaro
Palazzo del Capitaniato, Vicenza
Palazzo Thiene Bonin Longare, Vicenza

The facade was later given stucco sculptural decoration in the Mannerist style, which has considerably deteriorated.

The basic elements of Italian Renaissance architecture, including Doric columns, lintels, cornices, loggias, pediments and domes had already been used in the 15th century or earlier, before Palladio.