Manor of Rensselaerswyck

RensselaerswyckRensselaerwyckRensselaerswijckestateLower Manor of RensselaerRensselaerswickVan Rensselaer ManorCollony Rensselaerwyckland in the areaManor of Rensselaerswijck
The Manor of Rensselaerswyck, Manor Rensselaerswyck, Van Rensselaer Manor, or just simply Rensselaerswyck (Rensselaerswijck ), was the name of a colonial estate—specifically, a Dutch patroonship and later an English manor—owned by the van Rensselaer family that was located in what is now mainly the Capital District of New York in the United States.wikipedia
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Van Rensselaer (family)

Van Rensselaer familyVan RensselaerCatherine Van Rensselaer
The Manor of Rensselaerswyck, Manor Rensselaerswyck, Van Rensselaer Manor, or just simply Rensselaerswyck (Rensselaerswijck ), was the name of a colonial estate—specifically, a Dutch patroonship and later an English manor—owned by the van Rensselaer family that was located in what is now mainly the Capital District of New York in the United States.
They are best known for the Rensselaerswyck estate of roughly a million acres, which although broken up by the Anti-Rent Revolt in the 1840s, had long cemented the Van Rensselaer family as one of the wealthiest in early America.

Capital District, New York

Capital DistrictCapital RegionAlbany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA
The Manor of Rensselaerswyck, Manor Rensselaerswyck, Van Rensselaer Manor, or just simply Rensselaerswyck (Rensselaerswijck ), was the name of a colonial estate—specifically, a Dutch patroonship and later an English manor—owned by the van Rensselaer family that was located in what is now mainly the Capital District of New York in the United States.
In 1630, Kiliaen van Rensselaer founded the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, a Dutch patroonship in the area, which encompassed much of the area that is now the Capital District.

Kiliaen van Rensselaer (merchant)

Kiliaen van RensselaerKillian Van RensselaerKiliaen de Rensselaer
The estate was originally deeded by the Dutch West India Company in 1630 to Kiliaen van Rensselaer, a Dutch merchant and one of the company's original directors.
He founded the Manor of Rensselaerswyck in what is now mainly New York's Capital District.

Albany County, New York

Albany CountyAlbanyAlbany Co.
It included most of what are now the present New York counties of Albany and Rensselaer, as well as parts of Columbia and Greene counties.
The act creating the county vaguely defined its territory "to containe the Towns of Albany, the Collony Rensselaerwyck, Schonecteda, and all the villages, neighborhoods, and Christian Plantaçons on the east side of Hudson River from Roelef's Creek, and on the west side from Sawyer's Creek (Saugerties) to the Sarraghtoga."

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
The Manor of Rensselaerswyck, Manor Rensselaerswyck, Van Rensselaer Manor, or just simply Rensselaerswyck (Rensselaerswijck ), was the name of a colonial estate—specifically, a Dutch patroonship and later an English manor—owned by the van Rensselaer family that was located in what is now mainly the Capital District of New York in the United States.
The success of the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck (1630), which surrounded Albany and lasted until the mid-19th century, was also a key factor in the early success of the colony.

Stephen Van Rensselaer

Stephen Van Rensselaer IIIVan RensselaerMajor General Stephen Van Rensselaer
It was split up after the death of its last patroon, Stephen van Rensselaer III in 1839.
A graduate of Harvard University, at age 21, Van Rensselaer took control of Rensselaerswyck, his family's manor.

Stephen Van Rensselaer IV

Stephen IVStephen Van Rensselaer
The manor was split between Stephen III's sons, Stephen IV and William.
Stephen Van Rensselaer (March 29, 1789 – May 28, 1868), known as the "Young Patroon" and sometimes the "last of the patroons" was the last patroon of Rensselaerswyck.

Fort Orange (New Netherland)

Fort OrangeFort Orange, NY, USAFort Oranje
Upon discovery of the Albany area by Henry Hudson in 1609, the Dutch claimed the area and set up two forts to anchor it: Fort Nassau in 1614 and Fort Orange in 1624, both named for the Dutch noble House of Orange-Nassau.
Due to a dispute between the Director-General of New Netherland and the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck regarding jurisdiction over the fort and the surrounding community, the fort and community became an independent municipality, paving the way for the future city of Albany.

Patroon

patroonshippatroonspatroon system
The Manor of Rensselaerswyck, Manor Rensselaerswyck, Van Rensselaer Manor, or just simply Rensselaerswyck (Rensselaerswijck ), was the name of a colonial estate—specifically, a Dutch patroonship and later an English manor—owned by the van Rensselaer family that was located in what is now mainly the Capital District of New York in the United States.
The largest and most successful patroonship in New Netherland was the Manor of Rensselaerswijck, established by Kiliaen van Rensselaer.

Dutch West India Company

Dutch West Indies CompanyWICWest India Company
The estate was originally deeded by the Dutch West India Company in 1630 to Kiliaen van Rensselaer, a Dutch merchant and one of the company's original directors.
Rensselaerswyck was the most successful Dutch West India Company patroonship.

New Netherland

New NetherlandsDutchNieuw-Nederland
This established a Dutch presence in the area, formally called New Netherland.
Of the original five patents given, the largest and only truly successful endeavour was Rensselaerswyck, at the highest navigable point on the North River, which became the main thoroughfare of the province.

Patroon Creek

On the ancient map of the colony, "Bloommaert's Burt" is located at the mouth of what is now called Patroon Creek.
The creek received its name from the patroon of Rensselaerswyck.

Jeremias van Rensselaer

Jeremias
He died in 1658 and his younger brother Jeremias van Rensselaer became patroon.
Jeremias van Rensselaer (Amsterdam, 16 May 1632 – October 12, 1674) was the third son of Kiliaen van Rensselaer, one of the founders and directors of the Dutch West India Company who was instrumental in the establishment of New Netherland and was created the first patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck.

Stephentown, New York

StephentownStephentown, NYTown of Stephentown
One of his land deals was made in the eastern region of Rensselaerswyck; the Town of Stephentown in southeastern Rensselaer County was named for him.
The town was formed in 1788, from the East Manor of Rensselaerwyck District.

Arent van Curler

Arendt van Corlaer
Arent van Curler, who immigrated as assistant commissary, was soon after his arrival promoted to commissary-general, or superintendent of the colony.
In 1637 Rensselaer commissioned him as his secretary and accountant at Rensselaer's patroonship Rensselaerswyck in the Dutch colony of New Netherland.

Rensselaer County, New York

RensselaerRensselaer CountySheriff of Rensselaer County, New York
It included most of what are now the present New York counties of Albany and Rensselaer, as well as parts of Columbia and Greene counties. One of his land deals was made in the eastern region of Rensselaerswyck; the Town of Stephentown in southeastern Rensselaer County was named for him.
The county is named in honor of the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer, the original Dutch owner of the land in the area.

Castle Island (New York)

Castle IslandWesterlo IslandCastle Eylandt
At that time, the land on the east side of the river, extending north from Castle Island to the Mohawk River was then the private property of an Indian chief named Nawanemitt.
The island was quickly divided into farms on a lease basis from the Rensselaerswyck patroonship.

Hudson River

HudsonNorth RiverHudson River Watershed
Rensselaerswyck extended for miles on each side of the Hudson River near present-day Albany.
On March 29, 1647, a white whale swam up the river to the Rensselaerswyck (near Albany).

Kingston, New York

KingstonKingston, NYCity of Kingston
Stephen III attended school in Albany and then New Jersey and Kingston during the Revolution.
The first recorded permanent settler in what would become the city of Kingston, was Thomas Chambers, who came from the area of Rensselaerswyck in 1653.

Van Rensselaer Island

"De Laet's Island" was the original name of van Rensselaer Island, opposite Albany.
The name De Laets Eylandt (de Laet's Island in English) was in honor of Joannes de Laet, given in the 1630s by Kiliaen van Rensselaer, the first Patroon of the Rensselaerswyck, a feudal estate encompassing Albany and Rensselaer counties.

Beeren Island

Barren Island (Hudson River)Bear Island (New York)
It extended from Beeren Island north to Smack's Island and extended "two day's journey into the interior."
The island was claimed by the Patroon Kiliaen van Rensselaer as the southern border of his patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, it was from the start of the New Netherland colony chosen as a fine site for fortifications to protect the patroon's lands.

Abraham Ten Broeck

The estate was controlled by Abraham Ten Broeck until Stephen III's twenty-fifth birthday.
In 1769, his brother-in-law died at age 27 and Ten Broeck was named co-administrator of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, a position he held until 1784 when his nephew, Stephen Van Rensselaer III, came of age.

Berne, New York

BerneEast BerneBerne, NY
On July 4, 1839, a mass meeting at Berne called for a declaration of independence from landlord rule but raised the amount the tenants were willing to pay.
The settlers were actually squatters, since in the 18th and most of the 19th centuries, Berne was part of the Rensselaerswyck estate.

Samuel Blommaert

On January 13, 1629, van Rensselaer sent notification to the Directors of the Company that he, in conjunction with fellow Company members Samuel Godyn and Samuel Blommaert, sent Gillis Houset and Jacob Jansz Cuyper to determine satisfactory locations for settlement.
A company was formed to colonize the tract that included Blommaert, Godyn, Kiliaen van Rensselaer (Patroon of Rensselaerswyck), Joannes de Laet (the geographer), and David Pietersen de Vries.

Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions

Charter of Privileges and ExemptionsNew Project of Freedoms and Exemptions
To meet such cases, the West India Company adopted the Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions for the agricultural colonization of its American province.
From the Mahicans he purchased a plot of land now represented by Albany and Rensselaer counties, which he called Rensselaerswyck and to which he brought several families from the town of Nijkerk, the place of his birth.