Manuscript

manuscriptsMStypescriptscriptMSSMS.autograph manuscriptscriptsarticle or paperarticles
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document that is written by hand — or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten — as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.wikipedia
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Codex

codicesbook (Codex)codexes
A manuscript may be a codex (i.e. bound as a book) or a scroll.
The term is now usually only used of manuscript books, with hand-written contents, but describes the format that is now near-universal for printed books in the Western world.

Facsimile

facsimilesfacsimile editioncopy
The mechanical reproduction of a manuscript is called facsimile.
A facsimile (from Latin fac simile, "to make alike") is a copy or reproduction of an old book, manuscript, map, art print, or other item of historical value that is as true to the original source as possible.

Palaeography

Palaeographicallypaleographicallypaleography
The study of the writing, or "hand" in surviving manuscripts is termed palaeography.
This limitation is less serious than might appear, since the few manuscripts not of Egyptian origin which have survived from this period, like the parchments from Avroman or Dura, the Herculaneum papyri, and a few documents found in Egypt but written elsewhere, reveal a uniformity of style in the various portions of the Greek world; but some differences can be discerned, and it is probable that, were there more material, distinct local styles could be traced.

Scroll

scrollsrollbooks
A manuscript may be a codex (i.e. bound as a book) or a scroll.
Rolls may still be many meters or feet long, and were used in the medieval and Early Modern period in Europe and various West Asian cultures for manuscript administrative documents intended for various uses, including accounting, rent-rolls, legal agreements, and inventories.

Birch bark manuscript

birch bark documentbirch barkbirch bark scrolls
In Russia birch bark documents as old as from the 11th century have survived.
Although their existence was mentioned in some old East Slavic manuscripts, the discovery of birch bark documents (берестяна́я гра́мота, berestyanáya grámota, and also grámota in those documents) significantly changed the understanding of the cultural level and language spoken by the East Slavs between the 11th and 15th centuries.

Illuminated manuscript

illuminatedilluminated manuscriptsilluminator
Illuminated manuscripts are enriched with pictures, border decorations, elaborately embossed initial letters or full-page illustrations.
An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
Extant copies of these early manuscripts written in Greek or Latin and usually dating from the 4th century to the 8th century, are classified according to their use of either all upper case or all lower case letters.
Their works were published in manuscript form before the invention of printing and are now published in carefully annotated printed editions, such as the Loeb Classical Library, published by Harvard University Press, or the Oxford Classical Texts, published by Oxford University Press.

Autograph (manuscript)

holographautographfair copy
In book, magazine, and music publishing, a manuscript is an autograph or copy of a work, written by an author, composer and/or copyist.
An autograph or holograph is a manuscript or document written in its author's or composer's hand.

Scriptorium

scriptoriascriptoriums scriptoria
When Greek or Latin works were published, numerous professional copies were made simultaneously by scribes in a scriptorium, each making a single copy from an original that was declaimed aloud.

Morgan Library & Museum

Morgan LibraryPierpont Morgan LibraryThe Morgan Library & Museum
The manuscript collection also includes authors' original manuscripts, including some by Sir Walter Scott and Honoré de Balzac, as well as the scraps of paper on which Bob Dylan jotted down "Blowin' in the Wind" and "It Ain't Me Babe".

Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea scrollTanakh at QumranQumran Scrolls
The oldest written manuscripts have been preserved by the perfect dryness of their Middle Eastern resting places, whether placed within sarcophagi in Egyptian tombs, or reused as mummy-wrappings, discarded in the middens of Oxyrhynchus or secreted for safe-keeping in jars and buried (Nag Hammadi library) or stored in dry caves (Dead Sea scrolls).
Researchers have assembled a collection of 981 different manuscripts – discovered in 1946/47 and in 1956 – from 11 caves.

List of Hiberno-Saxon illuminated manuscripts

List of Hiberno-Saxon illustrated manuscriptsInsular illuminated manuscript
Hiberno-Saxon manuscripts are those manuscripts made in the British Isles from about 500 CE to about 900 CE in England, but later in Ireland and elsewhere, or those manuscripts made on the continent in scriptoria founded by Hiberno-Scottish or Anglo-Saxon missionaries and which are stylistically similar to the manuscripts produced in the British Isles.

Manuscript culture

manuscriptsmanuscriptmanuscript traditions
Manuscript culture uses manuscripts to store and disseminate information; in the West, it generally preceded the age of printing.

Palm-leaf manuscript

palm leaf manuscriptpalm leaf manuscriptspalm-leaf manuscripts
In India, the palm leaf manuscript, with a distinctive long rectangular shape, was used from ancient times until the 19th century.
Palm-leaf manuscripts are manuscripts made out of dried palm leaves.

Asemic writing

asemicartistic in naturefalse writing system
Influences on asemic writing are illegible, invented, or primal scripts (cave paintings, doodles, children's drawings, etc.).

Foul papers

fair copyfair copiesfairly
Such manuscripts generally follow standardized typographic and formatting rules, in which case they can be called fair copy (whether original or copy).
Of the relatively small number of dramas that are extant in manuscript, the majority are from the Caroline and Cromwellian era (1625–1660) rather than the Elizabethan and Jacobean era (1558–1625), and most are fair copies of plays by professional scribes like Ralph Crane.

Bible

biblicalThe BibleChristian Bible
“The Bible was the most studied book of the Middle Ages.”
Most old Bibles were illuminated, they were manuscripts in which the text is supplemented by the addition of decoration, such as decorated initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.

Music manuscript

autograph scoremanuscriptautograph

Typewriter

typewriterselectric typewritertypewritten
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document that is written by hand — or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten — as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.

Printing

Printprintedprinter
A manuscript (abbreviated MS for singular and MSS for plural) was, traditionally, any document that is written by hand — or, once practical typewriters became available, typewritten — as opposed to being mechanically printed or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.

Musical notation

music notationnotationnotated
Manuscripts are not defined by their contents, which may combine writing with mathematical calculations, maps, music notation, explanatory figures or illustrations.

Bookbinding

bookbinderbindingbound
A manuscript may be a codex (i.e. bound as a book) or a scroll.

Image scanner

scannerscannersscanning
Digital reproductions can be called (high-resolution) scans or digital images.

Digital image

digital imagesimagesimage
Digital reproductions can be called (high-resolution) scans or digital images.