Mao Zedong

MaoMao Tse-tungChairman MaoMao Tse TungMaoistChairman Mao ZedongMao Ze DongMao eraMao TsetungMao Zedong’s
Mao Zedong (26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976), also known as Chairman Mao and Mao Runzhi (courtesy name), was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.wikipedia
3,215 Related Articles

Maoism

MaoistMaoistsMao Zedong Thought
Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist, his theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism.
Maoism, or Mao Zedong Thought, is the Chinese communist variety of Marxism–Leninism that Mao Zedong developed for realising a socialist revolution in the agricultural, pre-industrial society of the People's Republic of China.

Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet

Jiangxi SovietJiangxi-Fujian SovietChinese Soviet Republic
During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March.
The Jiangxi–Fujian Soviet, commonly called the Jiangxi Soviet, was the largest component territory of the Chinese Soviet Republic, an unrecognized state established in November 1931 by Mao Zedong and Zhu De during the Chinese civil war.

Chinese Land Reform

Mass killings of landlords under Mao ZedongLand Reform1947–1951 landlord purges
In the following years he solidified his control through campaigns against landlords, suppression of "counter-revolutionaries", and through a psychological victory in the Korean War, which altogether caused the deaths of several-million Chinese.
The Chinese Land Reform Movement, also known by the Chinese abbreviation Tǔgǎi, was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early People's Republic of China.

Peking University

Beijing UniversityUniversity of BeijingPeking
He later adopted Marxism–Leninism while working at Peking University, and became a founding member of the Communist Party of China (CPC), leading the Autumn Harvest Uprising in 1927.
Peking University has educated and hosted many prominent modern Chinese figures, including Mao Zedong, Lu Xun, Gu Hongming, Hu Shih, Mao Dun, Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu, and the current Premier Li Keqiang.

Chinese nationalism

Chinese nationalistnationalistnationalism
He had a Chinese nationalist and an anti-imperialist outlook early in his life, and was particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and May Fourth Movement of 1919.
However, he failed to destroy the movement as Mao Zedong (1893 to 1976) led its escape on its Long March and set up a rival state in distant provinces in northwest China.

Long March

The Long MarchChangzhengChinese Long March
During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March.
The Communists, under the eventual command of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, escaped in a circling retreat to the west and north, which reportedly traversed over 9,000 kilometers (5600 miles) over 370 days.

Great Leap Forward

The Great Leap Forwardcommunefamine
On the other hand, in 1957, Mao launched the Anti-Rightist Campaign, which persecuted at least 550,000 people, most of whom are intellectuals and dissidents, and in 1958 he launched the Great Leap Forward that aimed to rapidly transform China's economy from agrarian to industrial.
The campaign was led by Chairman Mao Zedong and aimed to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a socialist society through rapid industrialization and collectivization.

Cultural Revolution

Chinese Cultural RevolutionGreat Proletarian Cultural RevolutionCulture Revolution
In 1963, Mao launched the Socialist Education Movement, and 1966 he initiated the Cultural Revolution, a program to remove "counter-revolutionary" elements in Chinese society which lasted 10 years and was marked by violent class struggle, widespread destruction of cultural artifacts, and an unprecedented elevation of Mao's cult of personality.
Launched by Mao Zedong, then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to preserve Chinese Communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought (known outside China as Maoism) as the dominant ideology in the Communist Party of China (CPC).

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March.
According to Mao Zedong, Chiang's tolerance of the CPC in the KMT camp decreased as his power increased.

Deng Xiaoping

DengDeng Xiao PingChairman Deng
During Mao's era, China's population grew from around 550 million to over 900 million while the government did not strictly enforce its family planning policy, forcing Mao's successors such as Deng Xiaoping to take stricter policies to cope with the overpopulation crisis.
After Chairman Mao Zedong's death in 1976, Deng gradually rose to power and led China through a series of far-reaching market-economy reforms, which earned him the reputation as the "Architect of Modern China."

Communist Party of China

Communist PartyCPCCommunist
He later adopted Marxism–Leninism while working at Peking University, and became a founding member of the Communist Party of China (CPC), leading the Autumn Harvest Uprising in 1927.
The command economy established under Mao Zedong was replaced by the socialist market economy, the current economic system, on the basis that "Practice is the Sole Criterion for the Truth".

Great Chinese Famine

Great FaminefamineThe Great Chinese Famine
The latter led to the deadliest famine in history and the deaths of 20–45 million people between 1958 and 1962.
The policies of ruler Mao Zedong contributed to the famine.

Chinese Red Army

Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red ArmyRed ArmyFirst Red Army
During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March.
After the failed uprisings, Mao Zedong took over command of the 1,000 survivors and established a revolutionary base area in the Jinggang Mountains.

Liu Shaoqi

Liu Shao-chiLiu Shao-ch'i
Tens of millions of people were persecuted during the Revolution, while the estimated number of deaths ranges from hundreds of thousands to 20 million, including Liu Shaoqi, the 2nd Chairman of China.
For 15 years, President Liu was the third most powerful man in China, behind only Chairman Mao Zedong and Premier Zhou Enlai.

Socialist Education Movement

social education
In 1963, Mao launched the Socialist Education Movement, and 1966 he initiated the Cultural Revolution, a program to remove "counter-revolutionary" elements in Chinese society which lasted 10 years and was marked by violent class struggle, widespread destruction of cultural artifacts, and an unprecedented elevation of Mao's cult of personality.
The Socialist Education Movement (, abbreviated 社教运动 or 社教運動), also known as the Four Cleanups Movement was a movement launched by Mao Zedong in 1963 in the People's Republic of China.

Chairman of the Communist Party of China

ChairmanChairman of the Party Central CommitteeChairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong (26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976), also known as Chairman Mao and Mao Runzhi (courtesy name), was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
As his replacement, Mao Zedong, who had been the de facto leader of the party since the Long March, was named as Chairman of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee.

Mao Yichang

His father, Mao Yichang, was a formerly impoverished peasant who had become one of the wealthiest farmers in Shaoshan.
Mao Yichang (15 October 1870 – 23 January 1920) was a Chinese farmer and grain merchant who achieved notability as the father of Mao Zedong.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
During the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the CPC, Mao helped to found the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, led the Jiangxi Soviet's radical land policies, and ultimately became head of the CPC during the Long March.
Mao Zedong and early members of the CPC also joined the KMT in 1923.

One-child policy

One Child PolicyChina's one-child policyOne-Child
During Mao's era, China's population grew from around 550 million to over 900 million while the government did not strictly enforce its family planning policy, forcing Mao's successors such as Deng Xiaoping to take stricter policies to cope with the overpopulation crisis.
During the period of Mao Zedong's leadership in China, the birth rate fell from 37 per thousand to 20 per thousand.

Wen Qimei

Mao's mother, Wen Qimei, was a devout Buddhist who tried to temper her husband's strict attitude.
Wen Suqin, also called Wen Qimei ( or ) was the mother of Chinese leader Mao Zedong.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
In the following years he solidified his control through campaigns against landlords, suppression of "counter-revolutionaries", and through a psychological victory in the Korean War, which altogether caused the deaths of several-million Chinese. During Mao's era, China involved in the Korean War, the Sino-Soviet split, the Vietnam War, and the rise of Khmer Rouge; in particular, in 1972, Mao welcomed U.S. President Richard Nixon in Beijing, signalling the start of a policy of opening China to the world.
By spring 1950, he believed that the strategic situation had changed: PLA forces under Mao Zedong had secured final victory in China, US forces had withdrawn from Korea, and the Soviets detonated their first nuclear bomb, breaking the US atomic monopoly.

Luo Yixiu

Luo Yigu
At age 13, Mao finished primary education, and his father united him in an arranged marriage to the 17-year-old Luo Yixiu, thereby uniting their land-owning families.
Luo Yixiu (20 October 1889 – 11 February 1910), a Han Chinese woman, was the first wife of the later Chinese communist revolutionary and political leader Mao Zedong, to whom she was married from 1908 until her death.

Mao Zetan

Zetan
Growing up in rural Hunan, Mao described his father as a stern disciplinarian, who would beat him and his three siblings, the boys Zemin and Zetan, as well as an adopted girl, Zejian.
Máo Zétán (毛泽覃, also named Máo Zélín 毛泽淋, courtesy name first Yǒngjú 咏菊, then Rùnjú 润菊; 25 September 1905 – 25 April 1935) was the younger brother of Mao Zedong.

Hunan

Hunan ProvinceHunan, ChinaHu-nan
Mao was the son of a prosperous peasant in Shaoshan, Hunan.
Hunan was the birthplace of Chinese communist revolutionary Mao Zedong, who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China.

Khmer Rouge

CambodiaCambodiancommunist
During Mao's era, China involved in the Korean War, the Sino-Soviet split, the Vietnam War, and the rise of Khmer Rouge; in particular, in 1972, Mao welcomed U.S. President Richard Nixon in Beijing, signalling the start of a policy of opening China to the world.
In the 1970s, the Khmer Rouge were supported and funded largely by the CPC, receiving approval from Mao Zedong himself; it is estimated that at least 90% of the foreign aid to the Khmer Rouge came from China.