Mao Zedong

MaoMao Tse-tungChairman MaoMao Tse TungMaoistChairman Mao ZedongMao Ze DongMao eraMao TsetungMao Zedong’s
Mao Zedong (26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976), also known as Chairman Mao and Mao Runzhi (courtesy name), was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.wikipedia
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Hundred Flowers Campaign

Hundred FlowersHundred Flowers Movement100 Flowers Movement
Programs pursued during this time include the Hundred Flowers Campaign, in which Mao indicated his supposed willingness to consider different opinions about how China should be governed.
Differing views and solutions to national policy were encouraged based on the famous expression by Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong: "The policy of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend is designed to promote the flourishing of the arts and the progress of science".

Zhang Jingyao

Chang Ching-yao
In Changsha, Mao had begun teaching history at the Xiuye Primary School and organizing protests against the pro-Duan Governor of Hunan Province, Zhang Jingyao, popularly known as "Zhang the Venomous" due to his corrupt and violent rule.
In August 1919 he censored Mao Zedong's "Xiang-jiang River Commentary" magazine because of Mao's efforts to organize a movement to expel him from the governorship.

New Fourth Army

Fourth ArmyNew Fourth Armies
In August 1938, the Red Army formed the New Fourth Army and the Eighth Route Army, which were nominally under the command of Chiang's National Revolutionary Army.
After the Xi'an Incident, the Kuomintang led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party of China led by Mao Zedong formed a United Front against Japan, which was already in control of Manchuria and pushing into North China.

Zhu De

Chu TehZhuZhū Dé
A battalion led by General Zhu De was ordered to take the city of Nanchang on August 1, 1927, in what became known as the Nanchang Uprising.
Zhu's close affiliation with Mao Zedong began in 1928 when, under the assistance of Chen Yi and Lin Biao, Zhu defected from Fan Shisheng's protection and marched his army of 10,000 men to Jiangxi and the Jinggang Mountains.


Xuantong EmperorPu YiEmperor Puyi
Revolutionary sentiment was strong in the city, where there was widespread animosity towards Emperor Puyi's absolute monarchy and many were advocating republicanism.
When the Chinese Communist Party under Mao Zedong came to power in 1949, Puyi was repatriated to China after negotiations between the Soviet Union and China.

Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionChinese Revolution of 1911
He had a Chinese nationalist and an anti-imperialist outlook early in his life, and was particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and May Fourth Movement of 1919.
The father of New China is seen as Mao Zedong.

Yan'an Rectification Movement

Cheng FengRectification campaign1942
For example, in his biography of Mao, Philip Short notes that in the Yan'an Rectification Movement, Mao gave explicit instructions that "no cadre is to be killed", but in practice allowed security chief Kang Sheng to drive opponents to suicide and that "this pattern was repeated throughout his leadership of the People's Republic".
These included the consolidation of Mao Zedong's paramount role within the CCP, especially from 1942 to 1944, and the adoption of a party constitution that endorsed Marxist-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought as guiding ideologies.

Eighth Route Army

8th Route Army18th Army GroupEighth Army
In August 1938, the Red Army formed the New Fourth Army and the Eighth Route Army, which were nominally under the command of Chiang's National Revolutionary Army.
Together with the New Fourth Army, the Eighth Route Army formed the main Communist fighting force during the war and was commanded by Communist party leader Mao Zedong and general Zhu De.


Supporters credit him with driving imperialism out of China, modernising the nation and building it into a world power, promoting the status of women, improving education and health care, as well as increasing life expectancy of average Chinese.
Mao Zedong once argued that the Soviet Union had itself become an imperialist power while maintaining a socialist façade.

Hu Yaobang

General Secretary Hu YaobangHu
The official statistic is 20 million deaths, as given by Hu Yaobang.
During the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), Hu was purged, recalled, and purged again by Mao Zedong.

Red Guards

Red GuardRed Guards (China)Chinese Red Guards
Believing that certain liberal bourgeois elements of society continued to threaten the socialist framework, groups of young people known as the Red Guards struggled against authorities at all levels of society and even set up their own tribunals.
Red Guards were a mass student-led paramilitary social movement mobilized and guided by Chairman Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967, during the first phase of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, which he had instituted.

Courtesy name

style namestyledZi
Mao Zedong (26 December 1893 – 9 September 1976), also known as Chairman Mao and Mao Runzhi (courtesy name), was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China (PRC), which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.


MarxistMarxistsMarxist ideology
Lenin was an advocate of the socio-political theory of Marxism, first developed by the German sociologists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and Li's articles added Marxism to the doctrines in Chinese revolutionary movement.
Throughout the Civil War Mao Zedong developed a theory of Marxism for the Chinese historical context.

National Congress of the Communist Party of China

National CongressCPC National CongressParty Congress
The first session of the National Congress of the Communist Party of China was attended by 13 delegates, Mao included.


totalitariantotalitarian statetotalitarian regime
Conversely, his regime has been called autocratic and totalitarian, and condemned for bringing about mass repression and destroying religious and cultural artifacts and sites.
The New York Times compared Xi Jinping Thought, the PRC's ruling ideology and cult of personality, to that of Mao Zedong during the Cold War.

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
A controversial figure, Mao is regarded as one of the most important and influential individuals in modern world history.
In China, Mao Zedong implemented industrialization and collectivization reforms as part of the Great Leap Forward (1958–1962), leading to the starvation deaths (1959–1961) of tens of millions of people.

Futian incident

In December, they tried to overthrow Mao, resulting in the Futian incident, during which Mao's loyalists tortured many and executed between 2000 and 3000 dissenters.
The Futian battalion's leaders had mutinied against Mao Zedong's purge of the Jiangxi Action Committee, ordered on the pretext of its alleged connection to the Anti-Bolshevik League and ties to Trotskyism.

Gang of Four

The Gang Of FourGang of ''FourGang of Four (China)
In 1969, Mao declared the Cultural Revolution to be over, although various historians in and outside of China mark the end of the Cultural Revolution—as a whole or in part—in 1976, following Mao's death and the arrest of the Gang of Four.
The gang's leading figure was Jiang Qing (Mao Zedong's last wife).

Anti-Rightist Campaign

Anti-Rightist Movementrightistrightists
On the other hand, in 1957, Mao launched the Anti-Rightist Campaign, which persecuted at least 550,000 people, most of whom are intellectuals and dissidents, and in 1958 he launched the Great Leap Forward that aimed to rapidly transform China's economy from agrarian to industrial.
The campaigns were instigated by Chairman Mao Zedong and, according China's official statistics, saw the political persecution of at least 550,000 people.

Mausoleum of Mao Zedong

his mausoleuma mausoleumChairman Mao Memorial Hall
Mao's body was later permanently interred in a mausoleum in Beijing.
The Chairman Mao Memorial Hall, commonly known as the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, is the final resting place of Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death in 1976.

Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified ChineseSimplifiedChinese
The CPC introduced price controls as well as a Chinese character simplification aimed at increasing literacy.
On the other hand, the official name refers to the modern systematically simplified character set, which (as stated by then-Chairman Mao Zedong in 1952) includes not only structural simplification but also substantial reduction in the total number of standardized Chinese characters.

Joseph Stalin

StalinJosef StalinJosif Stalin
Temporarily resting in the city, they held a conference; here, Mao was elected to a position of leadership, becoming Chairman of the Politburo, and de facto leader of both Party and Red Army, in part because his candidacy was supported by Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
Stalin had called for the Communist Party of China, led by Mao Zedong, to ally itself with Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang (KMT) nationalists, viewing a Communist-Kuomintang alliance as the best bulwark against Japanese imperial expansionism.

Red Star Over China

The Autobiography of Mao Tse-tung as Told to Edgar Snow
Western reporters also arrived in the "Border Region" (as the Soviet had been renamed); most notable were Edgar Snow, who used his experiences as a basis for Red Star Over China, and Agnes Smedley, whose accounts brought international attention to Mao's cause.
Snow uses his extensive interviews with Mao and the other top leaders to present vivid descriptions of the Long March, as well as biographical accounts of leaders on both sides of the conflicts, including Zhou Enlai, Peng Dehuai, Lin Biao, He Long, and Mao Zedong's own account of his life.


Shaanxi ProvinceShensiShǎnxī
Insisting that they operate as a guerrilla force, he laid out a destination: the Shenshi Soviet in Shaanxi, Northern China, from where the Communists could focus on fighting the Japanese.
The end of the short-lived Jiangxi Soviet signaled the beginning of the Long March by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists to the Shaanxi Soviet at Yan'an.

Xie Fuzhi

Said Xie Fuzhi, national police chief: "Don't say it is wrong of them to beat up bad persons: if in anger they beat someone to death, then so be it."
Xie was known for his efficiency and his loyalty to Mao Zedong, and during the Cultural Revolution he played a key role in hunting down the Chairman's enemies in his capacity as Minister of Public Security from 1959–1972.