View of a modern reconstruction of the Fort of Purén built during the occupation.
Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.
Mapuche groups in Araucanía around 1850. De facto Chilean territory in blue.
Map of Mapuche territories according to Miguel Melin, Pablo Mansilla and Manuela Royo in MAPU CHILLKANTUKUN ZUGU: Descolonizando el Mapa del Wallmapu, Construyendo Cartografía Cultural en Territorio Mapuche.
Painting showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Euler diagram of Mapuche ethicities. Historical denominations no longer in use are shown with white fields. Groups that adopted Mapuche language and culture or that have partial Mapuche descent are shown in the periphery of the main magenta-coloured field.
Fuerte de la Pacificación
Photo of Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez, the planner and military leader of the occupation until 1871.
Huamán Poma de Ayala's picture of the confrontation between the Mapuches (left) and the Incas (right)
Museo Historico de Purén
Map showing the "old" and the "new" frontier established by 1870
Painting El joven Lautaro of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of his people.
Painting of the Mapuche cavalry charge at Quecherehuas.
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in a meeting with some of the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in meeting with the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
Portrait of Quilapán c. 1870.
Ancient flag of the Mapuche on the Arauco War.
Communes grouped by dates in which they were founded, 19th century communes were founded as forts. And those of Curarrehue and Teodoro Schmidt were organized from previous populations as early as 1981.
Mapuche activists killed in confrontations with the Chilean police in the 2000s.
Chilean army during the Occupation of Araucanía.
Wenufoye flag created in 1992 by the indigenist organization "Consejo de Todas las Tierras".
Map of land ownership in western Araucanía in 1916.
Familia Mapuche, by Claudio Gay, 1848.
Photo of an Italian immigrant family in Capitán Pastene, Araucanía.
A council of Araucanian philosophers, 1904
The daughter of lonko Quilapán
Height of a chemamull (Mapuche funeral statue) compared to a person.
Traditional Mapuche poncho exhibited in Museo Artesanía Chilena.
Monument in the form of a gigantic clava mere okewa, located in Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Cañete, Chile
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece.
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the 1849 wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Flag of Argentinian Tehuelche-Mapuche

The Occupation of Araucanía or Pacification of Araucanía (1861–1883) was a series of military campaigns, agreements and penetrations by the Chilean army and settlers into Mapuche territory which led to the incorporation of Araucanía into Chilean national territory.

- Occupation of Araucanía

In Mapuche language or Mapudungun Purén means swampy place.

- Purén

But Mapuche society in Araucanía and Patagonia remained independent until the late nineteenth century, when Chile occupied Araucanía and Argentina conquered Puelmapu.

- Mapuche

A village had sprung up next to the fort by the 1890s following the occupation of Araucania.

- Purén

Most Mapuches responded to the call, except the communities at Purén, Choll Choll, and the southern coastal Mapuches who had strong links with Valdivia.

- Occupation of Araucanía

The Spanish also established the forts of Arauco, Purén and Tucapel.

- Mapuche
View of a modern reconstruction of the Fort of Purén built during the occupation.

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