Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.
Robert Boyle
Map of Mapuche territories according to Miguel Melin, Pablo Mansilla and Manuela Royo in MAPU CHILLKANTUKUN ZUGU: Descolonizando el Mapa del Wallmapu, Construyendo Cartografía Cultural en Territorio Mapuche.
Henry Home, Lord Kames
Euler diagram of Mapuche ethicities. Historical denominations no longer in use are shown with white fields. Groups that adopted Mapuche language and culture or that have partial Mapuche descent are shown in the periphery of the main magenta-coloured field.
Homo monstrosus, or Patagonian giants, from Voyage au pole sud et dans l'Océanie (Voyage to the South Pole, and in Oceania), by Jules Dumont d'Urville
Huamán Poma de Ayala's picture of the confrontation between the Mapuches (left) and the Incas (right)
John Hunter. Painted by John Jackson in 1813, after an original by Sir Joshua Reynolds, who exhibited his painting at the Royal Academy in 1786.
Painting El joven Lautaro of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of his people.
Charles White
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in meeting with the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
Christoph Meiners
Ancient flag of the Mapuche on the Arauco War.
Georges Cuvier
Mapuche activists killed in confrontations with the Chilean police in the 2000s.
Arthur Schopenhauer
Wenufoye flag created in 1992 by the indigenist organization "Consejo de Todas las Tierras".
A late-19th-century illustration by H. Strickland Constable shows an alleged similarity between "Irish Iberian" and "Negro" features in contrast to the higher "Anglo-Teutonic".
Familia Mapuche, by Claudio Gay, 1848.
Portrait of Arthur de Gobineau by the Comtesse de la Tour, 1876
A council of Araucanian philosophers, 1904
Charles Darwin in 1868
The daughter of lonko Quilapán
Herbert Hope Risley
Height of a chemamull (Mapuche funeral statue) compared to a person.
Ernst Haeckel
Traditional Mapuche poncho exhibited in Museo Artesanía Chilena.
Pieter Camper
Monument in the form of a gigantic clava mere okewa, located in Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Cañete, Chile
Racialist differences: "a Negro head ... a Caucasian skull ... a Mongol head", Samuel George Morton, 1839
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece.
Illustration from Types of Mankind (1854), whose authors Josiah Clark Nott and George Robins Gliddon implied that "Negroes" were a creational rank between "Greeks" and chimpanzees
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the 1849 wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Cephalic Index. William Z. Ripley's European cephalic index map, The Races of Europe (1899).
Flag of Argentinian Tehuelche-Mapuche
Joseph Deniker
Madison Grant, creator of the "Nordic race" term
Samuel Cartwright, M.D.
Francis Galton in his later years
The Swedish State Institute for Racial Biology, founded in 1922, was the world's first government-funded institute performing research into racial biology. It was housed in what is now the Dean's house at Uppsala and was closed down in 1958.
Nazi poster promoting eugenics
Lothrop Stoddard (1883–1950)

It was in this context that Chilean physician Nicolás Palacios hailed the Mapuche "race" arguing from a scientific racist and nationalist point of view.

- Mapuche

He thought Chileans were a mix of two martial races: the indigenous Mapuches and the Visigoths of Spain, who descended ultimately from Götaland in Sweden.

- Scientific racism
Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

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