A report on Mapuche and Tehuelche people

Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.
Mulato, a Tehuelche Chief.
Map of Mapuche territories according to Miguel Melin, Pablo Mansilla and Manuela Royo in MAPU CHILLKANTUKUN ZUGU: Descolonizando el Mapa del Wallmapu, Construyendo Cartografía Cultural en Territorio Mapuche.
The approximate distribution of languages in the southernmost regions of South America during the years of the Spanish conquest.
Euler diagram of Mapuche ethicities. Historical denominations no longer in use are shown with white fields. Groups that adopted Mapuche language and culture or that have partial Mapuche descent are shown in the periphery of the main magenta-coloured field.
Tehuelche chiefs, located in Santa Cruz Province in the south of Argentina.
Huamán Poma de Ayala's picture of the confrontation between the Mapuches (left) and the Incas (right)
Grupo de patagones en puerto Peckett. An 1832 drawing made during the voyage of Jules Dumont d'Urville.
Painting El joven Lautaro of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of his people.
Distribution of pre-Hispanic peoples in Southern Patagonia
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Tehuelche Cloak. Museo de La Plata.
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in meeting with the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
The classification of Chonan languages, according to Roberto Lehmann-Nitsche.
Ancient flag of the Mapuche on the Arauco War.
Rock art at Cueva de las Manos, Santa Cruz Province.
Mapuche activists killed in confrontations with the Chilean police in the 2000s.
Portrait of Chief Junchar by José del Pozo in Puerto Deseado, in 1789, during the Malaspina Expedition (1789–1794).
Wenufoye flag created in 1992 by the indigenist organization "Consejo de Todas las Tierras".
Tehuelches in Río Gallegos.
Familia Mapuche, by Claudio Gay, 1848.
Under General Roca, the Conquest of the Desert extended Argentine power into Patagonia
A council of Araucanian philosophers, 1904
Elderly Tehuelche woman smoking a tobacco pipe.
The daughter of lonko Quilapán
Rosa Chiquichano, of Tehuelche descent. A past member of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, representing the Chubut Province.
Height of a chemamull (Mapuche funeral statue) compared to a person.
The Tehuelche flag: The blue of the sea, the brown of the mountains, the black arrow pointing north and the Southern Cross.
Traditional Mapuche poncho exhibited in Museo Artesanía Chilena.
Monument in the form of a gigantic clava mere okewa, located in Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Cañete, Chile
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece.
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the 1849 wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Flag of Argentinian Tehuelche-Mapuche

According to the most widespread view, the word Tehuelche comes from the Mapuche term chewel che, which would mean "brave people," "rugged people," or "barren land people."

- Tehuelche people

At about the same time, ethnic groups of the pampa regions, the Puelche, Ranquel and northern Aonikenk, made contact with Mapuche groups.

- Mapuche
Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

4 related topics with Alpha

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Patagonia

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Patagonia refers to a geographical region that encompasses the southern end of South America, governed by Argentina and Chile.

Patagonia refers to a geographical region that encompasses the southern end of South America, governed by Argentina and Chile.

Río Negro Province, Argentina.
Ainsworth Bay and Marinelli Glacier, Chile.
View of Punta Arenas, Chile, in winter
Santa Cruz Province
Black-browed albatross, near Ushuaia
Map of the indigenous peoples of Southern Patagonia
Cueva de las Manos site in Santa Cruz, Argentina
Nao Victoria, the replica of the first ship to pass through the Strait of Magellan
An 1840s illustration of indigenous Patagonians from near the Straits of Magellan, from Voyage au pole sud et dans l'Océanie by French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville
Tehuelche warriors in Patagonia
Map of the advance of the Argentine frontier until the establishment of zanja de Alsina
Under General Roca, the Conquest of the Desert extended Argentine power into Patagonia
Tierra del Fuego sheep ranch, 1942: The region's primary activity then, it has been eclipsed by the decline in the global wool market as much as by petroleum and gas extraction.
Gauchos mustering sheep in Patagonia
Whale watching off the Valdes Peninsula
La Trochita on its Chubut Province route: Formerly the sole rapid transport means in the province, La Trochita is now a tourist attraction.

The people he called the Patagons are now believed to have been the Tehuelche, who tended to be taller than Europeans of the time.

A theory postulated by chronicler José Pérez García explains this holding that the Cuncos (also known as Veliches) settled in Chiloé Island in Pre-Hispanic times as consequence of a push from more northern Huilliches who in turn were being displaced by Mapuches.

Araucanization of Patagonia

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The Araucanization of Patagonia (Araucanización de la Patagonia) was the process of the expansion of Mapuche culture, influence, and its Mapudungun language from Araucanía across the Andes into the plains of Patagonia.

Amerindian peoples of the pampas, such as the Puelche, Pehuenche, and Tehuelche, adopted the Mapudungun language as their main language (both of their names are in Mapudungun).

Flag of the Gününa künä, or Puelche people

Puelche people

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The Gününa küna, or sometimes, Puelche (Mapudungun: pwelche, "people of the east") are indigenous peoples living east of the Andes Mountains in Chile and Southwest Argentina.

The Gününa küna, or sometimes, Puelche (Mapudungun: pwelche, "people of the east") are indigenous peoples living east of the Andes Mountains in Chile and Southwest Argentina.

Flag of the Gününa künä, or Puelche people

The name "Puelche" was not native, but was given to them by the Mapuche.

They were annihilated by plagues and epidemics in the late 18th century, with survivors merging into other groups such as the Mapuche, Het, and Tehuelche.

Ranquel

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Indigenous tribe from the northern part of La Pampa Province, Argentina, in South America.

Indigenous tribe from the northern part of La Pampa Province, Argentina, in South America.

With Puelche, Pehuenche and also Patagones from the Günün-a-Küna group origins, they were conquered by the Mapuche.

They were hunters, nomads and during a good part of the 19th century they had an alliance with the Tehuelche people, with whom they traveled east into the western part of today's Buenos Aires Province and southern end of Córdoba Province, and also to Mendoza, San Luis and Santa Fe.