Mapuche

Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.
Map of Mapuche territories according to Miguel Melin, Pablo Mansilla and Manuela Royo in MAPU CHILLKANTUKUN ZUGU: Descolonizando el Mapa del Wallmapu, Construyendo Cartografía Cultural en Territorio Mapuche.
Euler diagram of Mapuche ethicities. Historical denominations no longer in use are shown with white fields. Groups that adopted Mapuche language and culture or that have partial Mapuche descent are shown in the periphery of the main magenta-coloured field.
Huamán Poma de Ayala's picture of the confrontation between the Mapuches (left) and the Incas (right)
Painting El joven Lautaro of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of his people.
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in meeting with the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
Ancient flag of the Mapuche on the Arauco War.
Mapuche activists killed in confrontations with the Chilean police in the 2000s.
Wenufoye flag created in 1992 by the indigenist organization "Consejo de Todas las Tierras".
Familia Mapuche, by Claudio Gay, 1848.
A council of Araucanian philosophers, 1904
The daughter of lonko Quilapán
Height of a chemamull (Mapuche funeral statue) compared to a person.
Traditional Mapuche poncho exhibited in Museo Artesanía Chilena.
Monument in the form of a gigantic clava mere okewa, located in Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Cañete, Chile
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece.
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the 1849 wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Flag of Argentinian Tehuelche-Mapuche

The Mapuche ( (Mapuche & Spanish: )) are a group of indigenous inhabitants of present-day south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.

- Mapuche
Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

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Flag of the Gününa künä, or Puelche people

Puelche people

The Gününa küna, or sometimes, Puelche (Mapudungun: pwelche, "people of the east") are indigenous peoples living east of the Andes Mountains in Chile and Southwest Argentina.

The Gününa küna, or sometimes, Puelche (Mapudungun: pwelche, "people of the east") are indigenous peoples living east of the Andes Mountains in Chile and Southwest Argentina.

Flag of the Gününa künä, or Puelche people

The name "Puelche" was not native, but was given to them by the Mapuche.

Official portrait,

Augusto Pinochet

Chilean general who ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990, first as the leader of the Military Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1981, being declared President of the Republic by the junta in 1974 and becoming the de facto dictator of Chile, and from 1981 to 1990 as de jure President after a new Constitution, which confirmed him in the office, was approved by a referendum in 1980.

Chilean general who ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990, first as the leader of the Military Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1981, being declared President of the Republic by the junta in 1974 and becoming the de facto dictator of Chile, and from 1981 to 1990 as de jure President after a new Constitution, which confirmed him in the office, was approved by a referendum in 1980.

Official portrait,
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger with Pinochet in 1976
Junta session one week after the 1973 coup
Pinochet in 1982
Pinochet meeting with U.S. President Jimmy Carter in Washington, D.C., September 6, 1977
Women of the Association of Families of the Detained-Disappeared demonstrate in front of La Moneda Palace during the Pinochet military regime
Orlando Letelier, a former Chilean minister, was assassinated in Washington, D.C. in 1976.
Memorial to victims of Pinochet's regime
Pinochet as Commander-in-Chief and President Aylwin meeting with U.S. President George H. W. Bush in 1990
Pinochet congratulates new President Patricio Aylwin after handing over the presidential sash, marking the transfer of power from military dictatorship to democratic leadership, 11 March 1990.
Photographs of victims of Pinochet's regime
Image showing Pinochet in an event with background imagery comparing the year of Chilean independence, 1810, with 1973, the year of the coup d'état that brought Pinochet to power
Pinochet in 1995
Documentation of some of Pinochet's many United States bank accounts
Pinochet on the bier on 11 December 2006
Pinochet's funeral

In 1989 indigenous Mapuche groups representing the "Consejos Regionales" bestowed Pinochet the title Ulmen Füta Lonko or Great Authority.

Ranquel

Indigenous tribe from the northern part of La Pampa Province, Argentina, in South America.

Indigenous tribe from the northern part of La Pampa Province, Argentina, in South America.

With Puelche, Pehuenche and also Patagones from the Günün-a-Küna group origins, they were conquered by the Mapuche.

Chilean Proverb written in Mapuche and Chilean Spanish. The Mapudungun alphabet used here does not reflect an agreed-upon standard. In fact, there are three distinct alphabets currently used to write the Mapuche language.

Lonko

Chilean Proverb written in Mapuche and Chilean Spanish. The Mapudungun alphabet used here does not reflect an agreed-upon standard. In fact, there are three distinct alphabets currently used to write the Mapuche language.

A lonko or lonco (from Mapudungun longko, literally "head"), is a chief of several Mapuche communities.

Llamas in Lauca National Park

Agriculture in Chile

Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography, climate, geology and human factors.

Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography, climate, geology and human factors.

Llamas in Lauca National Park
Agriculture in Elqui valley
Many of Chile's vineyards are found on dorp land within the foothills of the Andes.
Aquacultre installations in southern Chile.
Lambs in Tierra del Fuego.
Huaso in a Chilean wheat field, 1940. The picture illustrates some of Chile's two most important agriculture products cattle farming and wheat.
All mainland Spanish settlements (red dots) south of Biobío River were destroyed by 1604.
1744 engraving published in Relación histórica del viaje a la América meridional. The image shows cattle in the Chilean countryside including a square for cattle slaughter.
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in a meeting with the main Mapuche loncos of Araucania in 1869. With the Occupation of the Araucanía, that culminated in the 1880s, new lands were made available for non-indigenous agriculture.

Rich Spanish settlers had over time to face opposition to their mode of production by Jesuits, Spanish officials and indigenous Mapuches.

Emblem used by the Organos de Resistencia Territorial (military arm) in sabotage actions awarded by the CAM. The image represents a guemil (symbol of Mapuche iconography) with a Mapuche clava inside it.

Coordinadora Arauco-Malleco

Emblem used by the Organos de Resistencia Territorial (military arm) in sabotage actions awarded by the CAM. The image represents a guemil (symbol of Mapuche iconography) with a Mapuche clava inside it.
Ngüñelfe with blue background, one of the traditional flags

Coordinadora Arauco-Malleco (CAM) is a radical and militant indigenous organization engaged primarily in political violence as a means to attain an autonomous Mapuche state in Wallmapu, which is, they say, the revindication and recovery of former Mapuche lands.

The daughter of a lonko dressed in traditional Mapuche silverwork at around 1900.

Mapuche silverwork

The daughter of a lonko dressed in traditional Mapuche silverwork at around 1900.
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece, 20th century.

Mapuche silverwork is one of the best known aspects of Mapuche material culture.

Mapuche groups in Araucanía around 1850. De facto Chilean territory in blue.

Joven Daniel

Brigantine of the Chilean Navy that entered service in 1838 serving as transport in Manuel Bulnes' expedition to Peru during the War of the Confederation.

Brigantine of the Chilean Navy that entered service in 1838 serving as transport in Manuel Bulnes' expedition to Peru during the War of the Confederation.

Mapuche groups in Araucanía around 1850. De facto Chilean territory in blue.
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the wreck to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.

As it wrecked in territory outside Chilean government control, Chilean authorities struggled to elucidate the fate of possible survivors amidst inter-indigenous accusations of looting, murder and other atrocitities among local Mapuche.

Location of present-day Mapuche communities in Argentina.

Puelmapu

Location of present-day Mapuche communities in Argentina.

Puelmapu is the traditional Mapuche territory located east of the Andes.

Official portrait, 2018

Emilia Nuyado

Official portrait, 2018

Emilia Iris Nuyado Ancapichún (San Pablo, August 17, 1968) is a Chilean politician of Mapuche-Huillliche descent.