Maratha (caste)

Weapons used by soldiers of Maratha empire.

Composed of Marathi clans originally formed in the earlier centuries from the amalgamation of families from the peasant , shepherd (Dhangar), pastoral (Gavli), blacksmith (Lohar), carpenter (Sutar), Bhandari, Thakar and Koli castes in Maharashtra.

- Maratha (caste)

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Marathi people

Indo-Aryan ethnolinguistic group who are indigenous to Maharashtra in western India.

Territory under Maratha control in 1760 (yellow), without its vassals
A watercolor painting of Pune from the late Peshwa era as seen from the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers, by British artist Henry Salt. The picture clearly shows the permanent features of the place and cremations. River confluences have been popular in Hinduism for cremations and also for ceremonial disposal of ashes
A replica Killa (fort) presented by a family at a Maharashtra Mandal Diwali program in United States
Deepmala Deep Stamb in Omkareshwar Temple in Pune
A Marathi household shrine with Khandoba at the forefront
Naivedya (Food offering) for the ancestors during a Pitru paksha ceremony
A Gudhi is erected on Gudhi Padwa.
Dnyaneshwar palakhi on its way to Pandharpur
Gokulashtami dahi-handi celebration
Woman playing Zimma on the night of a Mangala Gauri celebration in the Month of Shravan
Oxen decorated for Pola in a village.
A clay idol of Ganesh being immersed in water at the conclusion of the annual Ganeshotsav on the 11th day or Anant Chaturdashi
Women performing Bhondla dance during the festival of Navratri
Devotees showering turmeric powder (bhandara) on each other at Khandoba Temple in Jejuri during Champa Shashthi.
Traditional Sesame seed based sweets for Makar Sankrant
Shimga being celebrated on the port of Harne on the Konkan coast
Bullock cart race at a Jatra in Manchar, Maharashtra
A simple Maharashtrian meal with bhaaji, bhakari, raw onion and pickle
A typical Diwali plate of snack (faral ). Clockwise from top: chakli, kadboli, shev, gaathi, chivda and in the center are yellow besan and white rava ladu.
Princess Indira Raje (1892-1968) of Baroda as a young girl with her mother,
Chimnabai II, wearing a 'Nauvari', a traditional Maharashtrian sari

At present, however, it also refers to a Maharashtrian caste known as the Maratha.

Maratha Empire

Confederacy that came to dominate a large portion of early modern India in the 18th century.

The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Maratha darbar or court.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Arms of Maratha
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1805
Maratha Princely States in 1823

Although at present, the word Maratha refers to a particular caste of warriors and peasants, in the past the word has been used to describe all Marathi people.

Maratha clan system


The Maratha clan system (also referred to as Shahannava Kuli Marathas, 96 Kuli Marathas or 96K), refers to the network of 96 clans of families and essentially their surnames, within the Maratha caste of India.

Reservation in India

System of affirmative action in India that provides historically disadvantaged groups representation in education, employment and politics.

Marathas, the dominant caste of Maharashtra, have been agitating for OBC status since the 1990s.


The second Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire, ruling from 1681 to 1689.

A painting of Sambhaji, late 17th century
Watan Patra (grant document), by Chh. Sambhaji

Sambhaji was born into a Marathi Hindu family at Purandar fort to the Maratha ruler Shivaji, and his first wife Saibai, who died when he was two years old and he was raised by his paternal grandmother Jijabai.


Maharashtra (, abbr.

Late Harappa figure from Daimabad hoard, Indus Valley Civilization
2nd century BCE Karla Caves are a group of Buddhist caves near Lonavala
Bibi Ka Maqbara, a replica of the Taj Mahal, was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Statue of Shivaji opposite Gateway of India in South Mumbai
The Bombay-Poona Mail Train of the GIPR company in 1907
Dried up the Godavari at Puntamba, Ahmadnagar district after a poor Monsoon
A Bengal tiger in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Divisions of Maharashtra, along with their respective districts (With Palghar district formed in 2014 from the northern part of Thane district)
Siddhivinayak Temple, Mumbai. Hinduism is the dominant religion in Maharashtra
Mantralaya or administrative headquarters of Maharashtra state government in South Mumbai
The Bombay High Court, one of the oldest high courts in India
Mumbai is a major contributor to the economy of Maharashtra
Freshly grown sugarcane, agriculture is the second leading occupation in Maharashtra
Mumbai–Nashik Expressway
Students at a state-run primary school in Raigad district.
Founded in 1887, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Asia
Situated in Pune, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune was established in 1948 after the Indian independence.
Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (Agricultural University) at Akola
A Primary Healthcare center in the village of Amboli in Pune district
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, the state's power production source
Maharashtrian Veg Thali
Misal Paav, a popular dish from Maharashtra
A Girl and a Woman dressed in traditional Maharashtrian Nauvari lugada (nine-yard sari)
Lavani performance
Playwright Vijay Tendulkar
P L Deshpande (in center), one of the most popular authors in Marathi language
Times of India building in Mumbai
Children playing cricket in a farm outside the village of Chinawal in Jalgaon.
Night-time skyline of Downtown Mumbai at Nariman Point
Ganeshotsav festival in Pune
Khandoba mandir of Lord Khandoba in Jejuri
Venna Lake at Mahabaleshwar
Indian Tigers at Tadoba Tiger reserve
Pandharpur, a Hindu pilgrimage centre in the state

Although, India hasn't conducted a caste-wise census since Independence, based on the British era census of 1931, it is estimated that the Maratha and the Maratha-kunbi numerically form the largest caste cluster with around 32 per cent of the population.

Satyashodhak Samaj

Social reform society founded by Jyotiba Phule in Pune, Maharashtra, on 24 September 1873.

Jyotiba Phule, the founder of Satyashodhak samaj
Chhatrapati Shahu who revived Samaj activities in early 20th century

However, it was revived in the early 20th century by the Maratha ruler of the princely state of Kolhapur, Shahu Maharaj.

Maratha Light Infantry

Light infantry regiment of the Indian Army.

Regimental Insignia of the Maratha Light Infantry
From left to right: Subedar, 103rd Mahratta Light Infantry; Sepoy, 110th Mahratta Light Infantry; Sepoy, 116th Mahrattas; Sepoy, 114th Mahrattas, by AC Lovett (1862-1919)
Insignia of the 5th battalion, Maratha Light Infantry
{{small|Naik Yeshwant Ghadge was awarded a Victoria Cross posthumously for heroic actions in Upper Tiber Valley, Italy, on 10 July 1944}}
{{small|Sepoy Namdeo Jadav was awarded a Victoria Cross for heroic actions at Senio River, Italy, on 9 April 1945}}
{{small|Subadar Ganpat Patil receives the Military Cross from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, 1944}}
{{small|Naik Narayan Sinde receives the Indian Distinguished Service Medal from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, 1945}}
{{small|117th Mahrattas at a fort in the North West Frontier, India, 1909}}
{{small|Dekhani and Konkani Mahrattas, World War I}}
{{small|Recruits line up to enlist with the 5th Mahratta Light Infantry, 1943}}
{{small|A soldier of the 5th Mahratta Light Infantry, 1943}}
{{small|Mahratta sniper on south bank of Trigno, 1943}}
{{small|1/5th Mahratta Light Infantry train in Florence, 1944}}
{{small|1/5th Mahratta Light Infantry advance across Aquino aerodrome, 1944}}
{{small|6th Battalion Mahratta Light Infantry in Jakarta, 1946}}
{{small|14th Battalion Maratha Light Infantry conduct range training for NCC cadets of Gwalior Division}}
{{small|2001 postal stamp to commemorate the bicentenary of the 4th Maratha Light Infantry}}
The Maratha Light Infantry marching contingent passes through the Rajpath during the 69th Republic Day Parade, 2018
Indian Army soldiers of the Maratha Light Infantry during closing ceremony of Indra 2017 military exercise.

The class composition of the regiment was and is primarily formed by Maratha recruits from the former Maratha Empire.


Subcaste of the Yadav community, found in the Indian states of Maharashtra and Madhya pradesh.

A buffalo herder from the Lingayat Gavli caste in former Mysore state, 1875
The hill of Devagiri, the capital of Yadavas

He protested against the fact that the Southborough Committee did not consider Yadav Gavlis as Marathas.


Herding caste of people found in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Dhangar tribal from Maharashtra
Ponies used by Dhangar tribe of Maharashtra

The Dhangars as a caste are a cluster of many endogamous communities which are traditionally categorised as Shudra along with the cultivators Maratha Kunbis and the artisan caste such as Kumbhars.