Marathonwikipedia
marathonmarathon racemarathon runnermen's marathonmarathonsWomen's Marathonmarathonermarathon runningwheelchair marathonhalf-marathon

Pheidippides

PhidippidesPhilippidesPhillipides
The event was instituted in commemoration of the fabled run of the Greek soldier Pheidippides, a messenger from the Battle of Marathon to Athens, who reported the victory.
Pheidippides or Philippides is the central figure in the story that inspired a modern sporting event, the marathon race.

1896 Summer Olympics

1896 Summer Olympics18961896 Olympics
When the modern Olympics began in 1896, the initiators and organizers were looking for a great popularizing event, recalling the glory of ancient Greece. The Boston Marathon began on 19 April 1897, and was inspired by the success of the first marathon competition in the 1896 Summer Olympics.
The United States won the most gold medals, 11; host nation Greece won the most medals overall, 46. The highlight for the Greeks was the marathon victory by their compatriot Spyridon Louis.

Road running

road runningRoadroad race
The marathon has an official distance of 42.195 kilometres (26.219 miles; 26 miles 385 yards), usually run as a road race.
These events are usually classified as long-distance according to athletics terminology, with races typically ranging from 5 kilometers to 42.2 kilometers in the marathon.

Athens Classic Marathon

Athens
That men's marathon was won by Italian Stefano Baldini in 2 hours 10 minutes and 55 seconds, a record time for this route until the non-Olympics Athens Classic Marathon of 2014, when Felix Kandie lowered the course record to 2 hours 10 minutes and 37 seconds.
The Athens Classic (authentic) Marathon is an annual marathon road race held in Athens, Greece, normally in early November.

Joan Benoit

Joan Benoit SamuelsonJoan BenoitJoan Samuelson
The women's marathon was introduced at the 1984 Summer Olympics (Los Angeles, USA) and was won by Joan Benoit of the United States with a time of 2 hours 24 minutes and 52 seconds.
Joan Benoit Samuelson (born May 16, 1957) is an American marathon runner who won gold at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, the year that the women's marathon was introduced.

Boston Marathon

BostonHeartbreak HillBoston, United States
The Boston Marathon began on 19 April 1897, and was inspired by the success of the first marathon competition in the 1896 Summer Olympics. The marathons of Berlin, Boston, Chicago, London, New York City and Tokyo form the biennial World Marathon Majors series, awarding $500,000 annually to the best overall male and female performers in the series.
The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon hosted by several cities in greater Boston in eastern Massachusetts, United States.

Charilaos Vasilakos

The Greeks staged a selection race for the Olympic marathon on 22 March 1896 (Gregorian) that was won by Charilaos Vasilakos in 3 hours and 18 minutes (with the future winner of the introductory Olympic Games marathon, Spyridon "Spyros" Louis, coming in fifth at a second race two weeks later).
Charilaos Vasilakos (Χαρίλαος Βασιλάκος, 1875 – December 1, 1964) was a Greek athlete and the first man to win a marathon race.

Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Men's marathon

Marathonmen's marathon2004 Olympic Games
The marathon of the 2004 Summer Olympics was run on the traditional route from Marathon to Athens, ending at Panathinaiko Stadium, the venue for the 1896 Summer Olympics.
As with the previous Games, the marathon also marked the end of the 2004 Summer Olympics and the medal ceremony took place during the closing ceremony at the Olympic Stadium.

Frank Shorter

Frank ShorterShorter, Frank
Frank Shorter's victory in the marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics would spur national enthusiasm for the sport more intense than that which followed Hayes' win 64 years earlier.
Frank Charles Shorter (born October 31, 1947) is an American former long-distance runner who won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics and the silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Samuel Wanjiru

Samuel WanjiruSamuel Kamau WanjiruSammy Wanjiru
The Olympic men's record is 2:06:32, set at the 2008 Summer Olympics by Samuel Kamau Wanjiru of Kenya (average speed about 20.01 km/h).
He moved to the full marathon and won the event at the 2008 Beijing Olympics in an Olympic record time of 2:06:32; becoming the first Kenyan to win the Olympic gold in the marathon.

Tiki Gelana

The Olympic women's record is 2:23:07, set at the 2012 Summer Olympics by Tiki Gelana of Ethiopia.
Erba Tiki Gelana (ኧርባ ቲኪ ገላና; born 22 October 1987) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in marathon races.

List of winners of the Boston Marathon

Boston MarathonwinnerBoston Marathon winner
Bobbi Gibb had completed the Boston race unofficially the previous year (1966), and was later recognized by the race organizers as the women's winner for that year, as well as 1967 and 1968.
The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon held in the Greater Boston area in Massachusetts.

Stefano Baldini

Stefano Baldini
That men's marathon was won by Italian Stefano Baldini in 2 hours 10 minutes and 55 seconds, a record time for this route until the non-Olympics Athens Classic Marathon of 2014, when Felix Kandie lowered the course record to 2 hours 10 minutes and 37 seconds.
Stefano Baldini (born 25 May 1971 in Castelnovo di Sotto, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) is a retired Italian runner who specialized in the marathon.

Stamata Revithi

Although a few women, such as Stamata Revithi in 1896, had run the marathon distance, they were not included in any official results.
Stamata Revithi (Σταμάτα Ρεβίθη; 1866 – after 1896) was a Greek woman who ran the 40-kilometre marathon during the 1896 Summer Olympics.

Chicago Marathon

ChicagoThe Chicago MarathonBank of America Chicago Marathon
The marathons of Berlin, Boston, Chicago, London, New York City and Tokyo form the biennial World Marathon Majors series, awarding $500,000 annually to the best overall male and female performers in the series.
The Chicago Marathon is a marathon held yearly in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

World Marathon Majors

major marathonWorld Marathon Majors SeriesWMM
The marathons of Berlin, Boston, Chicago, London, New York City and Tokyo form the biennial World Marathon Majors series, awarding $500,000 annually to the best overall male and female performers in the series.
The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM), originally known as the World Marathon Majors (WMM), is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006.

Tokyo Marathon

TokyoTokyo Marathon 2011marathon race in Tokyo
The marathons of Berlin, Boston, Chicago, London, New York City and Tokyo form the biennial World Marathon Majors series, awarding $500,000 annually to the best overall male and female performers in the series.
The Tokyo Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event in Tokyo, the capital of Japan.

New York City Marathon

New YorkNew York CityNew York Marathon
The marathons of Berlin, Boston, Chicago, London, New York City and Tokyo form the biennial World Marathon Majors series, awarding $500,000 annually to the best overall male and female performers in the series.
The New York City Marathon (currently branded TCS New York City Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon (42.195 km) that courses through the five boroughs of New York City.

Honolulu Marathon

HonoluluHonolulu, United States
In 2006, the editors of Runner's World selected a "World's Top 10 Marathons", in which the Amsterdam, Honolulu, Paris, Rotterdam, and Stockholm marathons were featured along with the five original World Marathon Majors events (excluding Tokyo).
The Honolulu Marathon (branded JAL Honolulu Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is a major 26.2 mi marathon in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Paris Marathon

ParisParis, FranceParis to Conflans Marathon
In 2006, the editors of Runner's World selected a "World's Top 10 Marathons", in which the Amsterdam, Honolulu, Paris, Rotterdam, and Stockholm marathons were featured along with the five original World Marathon Majors events (excluding Tokyo).
The Paris International Marathon (Marathon International de Paris) is an annual marathon which takes place from the Champs-Élysées heading towards the Place de la Concorde and continuing through the city to finish at Foch Avenue.

1984 Summer Olympics

1984 Summer Olympics19841984 Olympics
The women's marathon was introduced at the 1984 Summer Olympics (Los Angeles, USA) and was won by Joan Benoit of the United States with a time of 2 hours 24 minutes and 52 seconds.

Marine Corps Marathon

Marine Corps MarathonMarine Corps Historic HalfMarine Corps, D.C.
Other notable large marathons include United States Marine Corps Marathon, Los Angeles, and Rome.
The Marine Corps Marathon (MCM) is an annual marathon held in Arlington, Virginia and Washington, DC.

Marathon, Greece

MarathonMarathon (city)Marathonas
The marathon of the 2004 Summer Olympics was run on the traditional route from Marathon to Athens, ending at Panathinaiko Stadium, the venue for the 1896 Summer Olympics. The legend states that he was sent from the battlefield of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Persians had been defeated in the Battle of Marathon (in which he had just fought), which took place in August or September, 490 BC. It is said that he ran the entire distance without stopping and burst into the assembly, exclaiming νενικήκαμεν (nenikēkamen, "we have won!"), before collapsing and dying.
Legend has it that Pheidippides, a Greek herald at the battle, was sent running from Marathon to Athens to announce the victory, which is how the marathon running race was conceived in modern times.

Stockholm Marathon

StockholmStockholm, Sweden
In 2006, the editors of Runner's World selected a "World's Top 10 Marathons", in which the Amsterdam, Honolulu, Paris, Rotterdam, and Stockholm marathons were featured along with the five original World Marathon Majors events (excluding Tokyo).
The Stockholm Marathon, known as the ASICS Stockholm Marathon for sponsorship reasons, is an annual marathon arranged in Stockholm, Sweden since 1979.

Running boom of the 1970s

running boomrunning boom of the 1970s1970s running boom
Frank Shorter's victory in the marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics would spur national enthusiasm for the sport more intense than that which followed Hayes' win 64 years earlier.
Frank Shorter's victory in the men's marathon is credited with inspiring the running boom.