A report on Maresha

Maresha: Northern Cemetery
The columbarium at Tell Maresha
Tel Maresha
Decorated burial cave at Tel Maresha
Columbarium at Tell Maresha (Khirbet es Sandahannah)
Extensive cave dwellings at Tell Maresha
Vast underground chambers at Tell Maresha
An old olive press at Tell Maresha
Inner recess of cave dwelling
Staircase at ruin Khirbet Sandahannah (now Tell Maresha)
General view of tell Maresha
Pastoral view of Maresha's surroundings
The Sidonian burial cave found near Maresha
Columbarium (dovecote) in Maresha
General view of area during Spring
Bell cave

Tell (archaeological mound) of the biblical Iron Age city of Maresha, and of the subsequent, post-586 BCE Idumean city known by its Hellenised name Marisa, Arabised as Marissa (ماريسا).

- Maresha
Maresha: Northern Cemetery

12 related topics with Alpha

Overall

A theoretical map of the region around 830 BC (Edom shown in yellow)

Edom

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Ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab to the northeast, the Arabah to the west, and the Arabian Desert to the south and east.

Ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab to the northeast, the Arabah to the west, and the Arabian Desert to the south and east.

A theoretical map of the region around 830 BC (Edom shown in yellow)
Map showing kingdom of Edom (in red) at its largest extent, c. 600 BC. Areas in dark red show the approximate boundary of classical-age Idumaea.
Edomite goddess figure in the Israel Museum

13.9.1, Wars 1.2.5), Caphethra (Wars 4.9.9), Bethletephon (Wars 4.8.1), Tekoa (Wars 4.9.5), and Marissa (Antiq.

Bayt Jibrin

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Palestinian village located 21 km northwest of the city of Hebron.

Palestinian village located 21 km northwest of the city of Hebron.

Old Roman Road, leading from Jerusalem to Beit Gubrin, adjacent to regional hwy 375 in Israel
Remains of the Crusader church in Bayt Jibrin, 2009
Bayt Jibrin in 1839, in David Roberts' The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt, and Nubia.
A sketch painting of Bayt Jibrin in 1859 by W.M. Thomson
The ruins of Bayt Jibrin, 2005
Bride's wedding attire from Bayt Jibrin, with the shambar expanded on the wall, exhibition at Oriental Institute, Chicago
Maqam of Sheikh Tamim, traditionally taken to be Tamim al-Dari
Bayt Jibrin after occupation by Harel Brigade, 1948
Building on outskirts of Bayt Jibrin, 1948
Beit Jibrin police station. 1948
Beit Guvrin Police station. 1948
Members of the 89th Battalion outside Beit Gurvin, during Operation Yoav, October 1948

During the 8th century BCE, the village, then known as Maresha, was part of the Kingdom of Judah.

Map of the region in the 9th century BCE, with Judah in yellow and Israel in blue

Kingdom of Judah

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Israelite kingdom of the Southern Levant during the Iron Age.

Israelite kingdom of the Southern Levant during the Iron Age.

Map of the region in the 9th century BCE, with Judah in yellow and Israel in blue
Judah at its largest extent, under Uzziah, per 2 Kings 14 and 2 Chronicles 26.
Map of the region in the 9th century BCE, with Judah in yellow and Israel in blue
"To Hezekiah, son of Ahaz, king of Judah" - royal seal found at the Ophel excavations in Jerusalem
Broad Wall, built during the reign of king Hezekiah (late-8th century BCE)
Siloam inscription found in the Siloam tunnel, Jerusalem
The Assyrian Lachish reliefs, depicting the capture of Lachish (c. 701 BCE). Assyrian soldiers carry off booty from the city, and Judean prisoners are taken into exile with their goods and animals.
The Flight of the Prisoners (1896) by James Tissot; the exile of the Jews from Jerusalem to Babylon
Tel Dan Stele, with the words "House of David" highlighted (9th century BCE)
Stepped Stone Structure seen from the Large Stone Structure
Storage jars handles marked with LMLK seals, Hecht Museum

2 Chronicles states that at the Battle of Zephath, the Egyptian-backed chieftain Zerah the Ethiopian and his million men and 300 chariots were defeated by Asa's 580,000 men in the Valley of Zephath near Maresha.

Kingdom of Judah in yellow as indicated in the map

Battle of Zephath

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The Battle of Zephath, according to the Hebrew Bible, occurred during the period of 911-870 BCE, in the reign of King Asa of Judah.

The Battle of Zephath, according to the Hebrew Bible, occurred during the period of 911-870 BCE, in the reign of King Asa of Judah.

Kingdom of Judah in yellow as indicated in the map

It was fought at the Valley of Zephath near Maresha, in modern-day Israel, between the armies of the Kingdom of Judah under the command of King Asa and that of the Kushites and ancient Egyptians under the command of Zerah the Ethiopian who, given the time frame with Asa's reign, may either be Pharaoh Osorkon II or Osorkon I.

Maresha dwellings

Beit Guvrin National Park

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Maresha dwellings
Sidonian burial caves
Bell cave with columbarium
Bell Caves at the Beit Govrin National Park
The ruins of the Church of St Anne, called Sandahanna in Arabic.

Beit Guvrin-Maresha National Park is a national park in central Israel, 13 kilometers from Kiryat Gat, encompassing the ruins of Maresha, one of the important towns of Judah during the time of the First Temple, and Beit Guvrin, an important town in the Roman era, when it was known as Eleutheropolis.

An imaginary depiction of Judas Maccabeus from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum (1553)

Judas Maccabeus

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Jewish priest (kohen) and a son of the priest Mattathias.

Jewish priest (kohen) and a son of the priest Mattathias.

An imaginary depiction of Judas Maccabeus from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum (1553)
Judah from Die Bibel in Bildern
Judea under Judah Maccabee
Judas Maccabeus before the army of Nicanor, by Gustave Doré
Death of Judas Maccabeus by José Teófilo de Jesus
Vision of Judas Maccabee, 1860 woodcut by Julius Schnorr von Karolsfeld
The Triumph of Judas Maccabeus, Rubens

At the conclusion of the fighting in Transjordan, Judah turned against the Edomites in the south, captured and destroyed Hebron and Maresha.

Beit Guvrin, Israel

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View of Kibbutz Beit Guvrin from police station. 1949

Beit Guvrin (בֵּית גֻּבְרִין, lit. House of Men in Aramaic) is a kibbutz in the Lakhish region, west of the ancient city of Beit Guvrin, for which it is named.

Shephelah

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Transitional region of soft-sloping rolling hills in south-central Israel stretching over 10-15 km between the Judaean Mountains and the Coastal Plain.

Transitional region of soft-sloping rolling hills in south-central Israel stretching over 10-15 km between the Judaean Mountains and the Coastal Plain.

Shfela lowlands
The Shfela region within Israel, with inset showing locations of major cities.

Caves are a major feature of the southern part of the Shfela, many of them bell-shaped such as those in Beit Guvrin.

John Hyrcanus from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum

John Hyrcanus

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Hasmonean (Maccabean) leader and Jewish high priest of the 2nd century BCE (born 164 BCE, reigned from 134 BCE until his death in 104 BCE).

Hasmonean (Maccabean) leader and Jewish high priest of the 2nd century BCE (born 164 BCE, reigned from 134 BCE until his death in 104 BCE).

John Hyrcanus from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum
Hasmonean Kingdom under John Hyrcanus
Judea, Hasmoneans. John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan). 135–104 BCE. Æ Prutah (13mm, 2.02 gm, 12h). "Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews" (in Hebrew) in five lines within wreath / Double cornucopia adorned with ribbons; pomegranate between horns; small A to lower left. Meshorer Group B, 11; Hendin 457.

During this campaign Hyrcanus conquered Adora, Maresha and other Idumean towns (Ant.13.257).

Jerusalem on the Madaba Map

Madaba Map

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Part of a floor mosaic in the early Byzantine church of Saint George in Madaba, Jordan.

Part of a floor mosaic in the early Byzantine church of Saint George in Madaba, Jordan.

Jerusalem on the Madaba Map
Annotated reproduction of the Madaba Map (19k×12.5k pixels)
The mosaic in the process of being uncovered
Place of John the Baptist's baptism at the mouth of the Jordan and a (nearly-obliterated) lion hunting a gazelle

Shuweikah'' (southwest of Hebron); Beth Annaba ; Saphitha ; Jericho ; Beit-ḥagla ; Archelais ; Modi'im ; Lydda ; Bethoron ; Gibeon ; Rama ; Coreae ; Maresha ; Azotos Paralos (Ashdod-Coast) ; The Great Plain, literally meaning, "The Tribe of Dan"; Jamnia (Lit.