Margaret Thatcher

ThatcherBaroness ThatcherThatcheriteMrs ThatcherThe Baroness ThatcherMargaret RobertsPrime Minister Margaret ThatcherThatcher governmentMaggie ThatcherMargaret
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was a British who served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.wikipedia
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Leader of the Conservative Party (UK)

Leader of the Conservative PartyLeaderparty leader
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was a British who served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
To date, two of the 28 leaders have been women: Margaret Thatcher and Theresa May.

List of MPs elected in the 1959 United Kingdom general election

42nd42nd ParliamentMPs
Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959.
Notable newcomers to the House of Commons included:Margaret Thatcher, Nicholas Ridley, Jim Prior, Peter Tapsell, John Morris and Jeremy Thorpe.

Somerville College, Oxford

Somerville CollegeSomervilleSomerville Hall
She studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford, and worked briefly as a research chemist, before becoming a barrister.
Founded in 1879 as Somerville Hall, it was one of the first two women's colleges in Oxford, and its alumnae, such as Margaret Thatcher, Indira Gandhi, Dorothy Hodgkin, Iris Murdoch, Vera Brittain, Cornelia Sorabji, Dorothy L. Sayers and many activists, have played a major role in feminism.

Edward Heath

Ted HeathSir Edward HeathHeath
Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970–1974 government.
He became an embittered critic of Margaret Thatcher, who supplanted him as party leader.

Thatcherism

ThatcheriteThatcheritesThatcher
As Prime Minister, she implemented policies known as Thatcherism.
Thatcherism comprises the conviction, economic, social and political style of the British Conservative Party politician Margaret Thatcher, who was leader of her party from 1975 to 1990.

1979 United Kingdom general election

1979 general election19791979 election
She became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election.
The Conservative Party, led by Margaret Thatcher, ousted the incumbent Labour government of James Callaghan with a parliamentary majority of 43 seats.

1983 United Kingdom general election

1983 general election19831983 election
Thatcher's popularity in her first years in office waned amid recession and rising unemployment, until victory in the 1982 Falklands War and the recovering economy brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her decisive re-election in 1983.
It gave the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of the Labour Party in 1945.

Michael Heseltine

Lord HeseltineMichael Heseltine, Baron HeseltineThe Lord Heseltine
She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership.
Heseltine served as a Conservative Member of Parliament from 1966 to 2001, and was a prominent figure in the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major, including serving as Deputy Prime Minister under the latter.

1987 United Kingdom general election

19871987 general election1987 election
Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her subsequent support for the Community Charge ("poll tax") was widely unpopular, and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet.
The election was the third consecutive general election victory for the Conservative Party, and second landslide under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher, who became the first Prime Minister since the Earl of Liverpool in 1820 to lead a party into three successive electoral victories.

Death and funeral of Margaret Thatcher

funeral of Margaret Thatcherdeath of Margaret Thatcherdeath
In 2013, she died of a stroke at the Ritz Hotel in London, at the age of 87.
On 8 April 2013, former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher died of a stroke in London at the age of 87.

Winter of Discontent

trade union disputesThe Winter of Discontentwinter of 1978–79
Thatcher introduced a series of economic policies intended to reverse high unemployment and Britain's struggles in the wake of the Winter of Discontent and an ongoing recession.
While the strikes were largely over by February 1979, the government's inability to contain the strikes earlier helped lead to Margaret Thatcher's Conservative victory in the 1979 general election and legislation to restrict unions.

1990 Conservative Party leadership election

28 November 1990leadership election1990 leadership election
She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership.
The 1990 Conservative Party leadership election in the United Kingdom took place on 20 November 1990 following the decision of Michael Heseltine, former Defence and Environment Secretary, to challenge Margaret Thatcher, the incumbent Prime Minister, for leadership of the Conservative Party.

1975 Conservative Party leadership election

11 February 19751975 leadership election1975 Conservative leadership election
In 1975, Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election to become Leader of the Opposition, the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom.
The 1975 Conservative Party leadership election was held in February 1975, in which the party's sitting MPs voted Margaret Thatcher as party leader on the second ballot.

1959 United Kingdom general election

19591959 general election1959 election
Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959.
Both Jeremy Thorpe, a future Liberal leader, and Margaret Thatcher, a future Conservative leader and eventually Prime Minister, first entered the House of Commons at this election.

Historical rankings of prime ministers of the United Kingdom

2016 surveyBritish prime ministersgenerally rank him in the upper half
Although a controversial figure in British political culture, she is nonetheless viewed favourably in historical rankings of British prime ministers.
Clement Attlee and Margaret Thatcher are also often at the top of rankings.

Brighton hotel bombing

Brighton bombingBrighton bombbombing
She survived an assassination attempt in the Brighton hotel bombing in 1984.
A long-delay time bomb was planted in the hotel by IRA member Patrick Magee, with the purpose of killing Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet, who were staying at the hotel for the Conservative Party conference.

Early 1980s recession

recessionrecession of the early 1980seconomic recession
Thatcher's popularity in her first years in office waned amid recession and rising unemployment, until victory in the 1982 Falklands War and the recovering economy brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her decisive re-election in 1983.
When the Conservative Party, led by Margaret Thatcher won the general election of May 1979, and swept James Callaghan's Labour Party from power, the country had just witnessed the Winter of Discontent in which numerous public sector workers had staged strikes.

Alfred Roberts

a grocerMuriel Cullen
Her parents were Alfred Roberts (1892–1970), from Northamptonshire, and Beatrice Ethel (née Stephenson, 1888–1960), from Lincolnshire.
His second daughter Margaret was the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Finchley (UK Parliament constituency)

FinchleyBarnet, FinchleyFinchley constituency
Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959.
It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election; its best-known MP was Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990.

Poll tax (Great Britain)

poll taxCommunity ChargeAnti-Poll Tax
Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her subsequent support for the Community Charge ("poll tax") was widely unpopular, and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet.
The abolition of the rating system of taxes (based on the notional rental value of a house) to fund local government had been unveiled by Margaret Thatcher when she was Shadow Environment Secretary in 1974, and was included in the manifesto of the Conservative Party in the October 1974 general election.

Denis Thatcher

DenisSir Denis ThatcherSir Denis Thatcher, 1st Baronet
At a dinner following her formal adoption as Conservative candidate for Dartford in February 1949 she met divorcé Denis Thatcher, a successful and wealthy businessman, who drove her to her Essex train.
Sir Denis Thatcher, 1st Baronet, (10 May 1915 – 26 June 2003) was a British businessman and the husband of Margaret Thatcher, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990.

Falklands War

Falklands ConflictOperation CorporateFalklands
Thatcher's popularity in her first years in office waned amid recession and rising unemployment, until victory in the 1982 Falklands War and the recovering economy brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her decisive re-election in 1983.
The following day, during a crisis meeting headed by the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sir Henry Leach, advised them that "Britain could and should send a task force if the islands are invaded".

Oxford University Conservative Association

Conservative AssociationOxford Conservative AssociationOUCA
Roberts became President of the Oxford University Conservative Association in 1946.
Until her death on 8 April 2013, the Patron of the association was Margaret Thatcher.

Mark Thatcher

MarkSir Mark Thatcherher own son
Later that same year their twins Carol and Mark were born, delivered prematurely by Caesarean section.
He is the son of Margaret Thatcher, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and Sir Denis Thatcher, and is the twin brother of Carol Thatcher.

Deregulation

deregulatedderegulatederegulating
Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation (particularly of the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the privatisation of state-owned companies, and reducing the power and influence of trade unions.
The Conservative government led by Margaret Thatcher started a programme of deregulation and privatisation after their victory at the 1979 general election.