Margraviate of Moravia

MoraviaMargrave of MoraviaMoravianMarch of MoraviaMargravine of MoraviaMoravian MargraveMoravian Margraviateof Moraviaprovince of MoraviaMargrav of Moravia
The Margraviate of Moravia (Markrabství moravské; Markgrafschaft Mähren) was one of the lands of the Bohemian Crown existing from 1182 to 1918.wikipedia
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Moravia

Habsburg MoraviaMoravianMorava
It comprised the region called Moravia within the modern Czech Republic.
The medieval and early modern Margraviate of Moravia was a crown land of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (from 1348 to 1918), an imperial state of the Holy Roman Empire (1004 to 1806), later a crown land of the Austrian Empire (1804 to 1867) and briefly also one of 17 former crown lands of the Cisleithanian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918.

Lands of the Bohemian Crown

Bohemian CrownCrown of BohemiaBohemia
The Margraviate of Moravia (Markrabství moravské; Markgrafschaft Mähren) was one of the lands of the Bohemian Crown existing from 1182 to 1918. In the north, the Sudeten Mountains, which extend to the Moravian Gate, formed the border with the Polish Duchy of Silesia, incorporated as a Bohemian crown land upon the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin. With the other lands of the Bohemian Crown, the Margraviate was incorporated into the Habsburg Monarchy upon the death of King Louis II in the 1526 Battle of Mohács.
The crown lands primarily consisted of the Kingdom of Bohemia, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire according to the Golden Bull of 1356, the Margraviate of Moravia, the Duchies of Silesia, and the two Lusatias, known as the Margraviate of Upper Lusatia and the Margraviate of Lower Lusatia, as well as other territories throughout its history.

Duchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianduchy
In the south, the winding Thaya River marked the border with the Duchy of Austria.
Drosendorf, Raabs, Laa and other fortifications along the Thaya River, north of the historic Waldviertel and Weinviertel regions and separated by the Manhartsberg range, marked the border with the Duchy of Bohemia (elevated to a Kingdom in 1198) and the Moravian lands, both of which were held by the Czech Přemyslid dynasty.

Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
Temporarily ruled by King Bolesław I Chrobry of Poland from 999 until 1019, Moravia was re-conquered by Duke Oldřich of Bohemia and ultimately became a land of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas held by the Přemyslid dynasty.
The Přemyslid dynasty or House of Přemyslid (Přemyslovci, Premysliden, Przemyślidzi) was a Czech royal dynasty which reigned in the Duchy of Bohemia and later Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia (9th century–1306), as well as in parts of Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Austria.

Ottokar II of Bohemia

Ottokar IIPřemysl Otakar IIOtakar II of Bohemia
As heir apparent, the future King Ottokar II of Bohemia was appointed Moravian margave by his father Wenceslaus I in 1247.
He also held the titles of Margrave of Moravia from 1247, Duke of Austria from 1251, Duke of Styria from 1260, as well as Duke of Carinthia and landgrave of Carniola from 1269.

Crown land

crown landsroyal demesneroyal domain
The Margraviate of Moravia (Markrabství moravské; Markgrafschaft Mähren) was one of the lands of the Bohemian Crown existing from 1182 to 1918. Moravia was ruled as a crown land within the Austrian Empire from 1804 and within Cisleithanian Austria from 1867.
The medieval European state of the Crown of Bohemia, which was an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, consisted of crown lands: Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia, Duchies of Silesia, Upper and Lower Lusatia.

Jobst of Moravia

JobstEmperor Jost of MoraviaJobst of Luxembourg
Jobst, nephew of Emperor Charles IV inherited the Margraviate in 1375, ruled autonomously and was even elected King of the Romans in 1410.
Jobst of Moravia (Jošt Moravský or Jošt Lucemburský; Jo(b)st or Jodokus von Mähren; c. 1354 – 18 January 1411), a member of the House of Luxembourg, was Margrave of Moravia from 1375, Duke of Luxembourg and Elector of Brandenburg from 1388 as well as elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1410 until his death.

Cisleithania

AustrianCisleithania (Austria)Austria
According to a 1910 Cisleithanian census, 27.6% identified themselves as German Moravians. Moravia was ruled as a crown land within the Austrian Empire from 1804 and within Cisleithanian Austria from 1867.
In general, the lands were just called Austria, but the term "Austrian lands" (Österreichische Länder) originally did not apply to the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (i.e., Bohemia proper, the Margraviate of Moravia and Duchy of Silesia) or to the territories annexed in the 18th-century Partitions of Poland (Galicia) or the former Venetian Dalmatia.

Brno

BrünnBrno, Czech RepublicBrunn
In 1182, the Margraviate was created at the behest of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa by merger of the three Přemyslid appanage principalities of Brno, Olomouc and Znojmo, and given to Conrad II, the son of Prince Conrad of Znojmo.
In the late 12th century, Moravia began to reunify, forming the Margraviate of Moravia.

Znojmo

Znaim
In 1182, the Margraviate was created at the behest of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa by merger of the three Přemyslid appanage principalities of Brno, Olomouc and Znojmo, and given to Conrad II, the son of Prince Conrad of Znojmo.
From about 1055, Znojmo Castle served as the residence of a Přemyslid principality within the Bohemian March of Moravia and a strategic important outpost near the border with the Bavarian March of Austria in the south.

Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles IVEmperor Charles IVCharles IV of Luxembourg
Jobst, nephew of Emperor Charles IV inherited the Margraviate in 1375, ruled autonomously and was even elected King of the Romans in 1410.
In 1334, Charles was named Margrave of Moravia, the traditional title for heirs to the throne.

Moravian Diet

Diet, or parliament
Moravia possessed a legislature, known as the Moravian Diet.
The Moravian Diet (Moraviae generali colloquio; Moravský zemský sněm, earlier Moravský stavovský sněm; Mährisch-ständische Landtag), was legislature of Moravia, the Diet, or general assembly, of the Estates of the Margraviate of Moravia and emerged from the earlier informal assemblies, known as Moravian corporate Diet (or Diet of estates of Moravian Land).

Kingdom of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianBohemian Kingdom
It was variously a de facto independent state, and also subject to the Duchy, later the Kingdom of Bohemia.

Bohemia

BohemianBöhmenAustrian Bohemia
The Margraviate lay east of Bohemia proper, with an area about half that region's size.
The renewal of the old Bohemian Crown (Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia, and Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia) became the official political program of both Czech liberal politicians and the majority of Bohemian aristocracy ("state rights program"), while parties representing the German minority and small part of the aristocracy proclaimed their loyalty to the centralistic Constitution (so-called "Verfassungstreue").

Vladislaus II of Hungary

Vladislaus IIVladislaus II of Bohemia and HungaryLadislaus II
The rivalry with King Vladislaus II was settled in the 1479 Peace of Olomouc, whereby Matthias renounced the royal title but retained the rule over the Moravian lands.
Matthias declared war in March 1468 and invaded Moravia.

Mikulov

NikolsburgMikulov (Nikolsburg)Nicolsburg
After the Margraviate of Moravia was established, the settlement of Nikulsburch was first mentioned in a 1249 deed, issued by the Přemyslid margrave Ottokar II who granted it, including a castle, and the surrounding area to the Austrian noble Henry I of Liechtenstein.

Treaty of Trentschin

compromise was reachedTrenčín
In the north, the Sudeten Mountains, which extend to the Moravian Gate, formed the border with the Polish Duchy of Silesia, incorporated as a Bohemian crown land upon the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin.
In 1348 King Charles IV attached it to the Bohemian crown lands together with Moravia and the Lusatias, whereby the Silesian dukes became indirect vassals of the Holy Roman Empire, though with no immediate status and no representation at the Imperial Diet.

Hustopeče

HustopeceAuspitzAuspitz (Hustopeče)
Hustopeče was first mentioned in a 1247 deed, at the time when the Czech Přemyslid dynasty ruled the Margraviate of Moravia.

Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg EmpireHabsburgAustria
With the other lands of the Bohemian Crown, the Margraviate was incorporated into the Habsburg Monarchy upon the death of King Louis II in the 1526 Battle of Mohács.

Šumperk

SumperkMährisch SchönbergMährisch-Schönberg
Šumperk belonged to the Margrave of Moravia.

Eagle (heraldry)

eagleimperial eagleheraldic eagle
The coat of arms of Moravia is charged with a crowned silver-red chequered eagle with golden claws and tongue.
The Margraviate of Moravia from at least the 1270s used a chequered eagle.

Conrad II, Duke of Bohemia

Conrad IIConrad Otto of ZnojmoConrad II of Bohemia
In 1182, the Margraviate was created at the behest of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa by merger of the three Přemyslid appanage principalities of Brno, Olomouc and Znojmo, and given to Conrad II, the son of Prince Conrad of Znojmo.
1136 – 9 September 1191), a member of Přemyslid dynasty, was the first Margrave of Moravia from 1182 to 1189 and Duke of Bohemia from 1189 until his death.

Hussite Wars

HussiteHussite RevolutionHussite War
Shaken by the Hussite Wars, the Moravian nobles remained loyal supporters of the Luxembourg emperor Sigismund.

Austrian Empire

AustrianAustriaAustrians
Moravia was ruled as a crown land within the Austrian Empire from 1804 and within Cisleithanian Austria from 1867.

Vladislaus III, Duke of Bohemia

Vladislaus HenryVladislaus IIIVladislaus III Henry
1160 – 12 August 1222), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was elected Duke of Bohemia (as "Vladislaus III") in 1197 and Margrave of Moravia from 1197 until his death.