Margraviate of the Nordgau

NordgauMarch of the NordgauBavarian NordgauMargrave of NordgauMargrave of the NordgauNordgau MargraviateNordgau, Bavaria
The Margraviate of the Nordgau (Markgrafschaft Nordgau) or Bavarian Nordgau (Bayerischer Nordgau) was a medieval administrative unit (Gau) on the frontier of the German Duchy of Bavaria.wikipedia
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Duchy of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianDukes of Bavaria
The Margraviate of the Nordgau (Markgrafschaft Nordgau) or Bavarian Nordgau (Bayerischer Nordgau) was a medieval administrative unit (Gau) on the frontier of the German Duchy of Bavaria.
It included the Altbayern regions of the modern state of Bavaria, with the lands of the Nordgau march (the later Upper Palatinate), but without its Swabian and Franconian regions.

Duchy of Franconia

FranconiaFranconianDuke of Franconia
The area east of Franconia proper up to the Bohemian Forest had been settled by Germanic Varisci and Armalausi tribes in ancient times; after the Migration Period the forces of the proto-Merovingian king Chlodio (died c.
It stretched along the valley of the River Main from its confluence with the Upper Rhine up to the Bavarian March of the Nordgau, in the areas of the present-day Bavarian region of Franconia, the adjacent southern parts of the Free State of Thuringia, northern Baden-Württemberg (i.e. Rhine-Neckar and Heilbronn-Franken) and Hesse.

Egerland

ChebskoEgerländer
It comprised the region north of the Danube and Regensburg (Ratisbon), roughly covered by the modern Upper Palatinate stretching up to the river Main and, especially after 1061, into the Egerland on the border with Bohemia.
In 1135 the regio Egere is recorded as a part of the Bavarian March of the Nordgau under the rule of Count Diepold III of Vohburg.

Upper Palatinate

Upper PalatineOberpfalzFutsal-Bezirksliga
It comprised the region north of the Danube and Regensburg (Ratisbon), roughly covered by the modern Upper Palatinate stretching up to the river Main and, especially after 1061, into the Egerland on the border with Bohemia.
At the beginning of the High Middle Ages the region now known as the Upper Palatinate was part of the Bavarian March of the Nordgau.

Henry of Schweinfurt

Likewise, Berthold's son Count Henry of Schweinfurt appeared as Margrave of the Nordgau in 994.
970 – 18 September 1017) was the Margrave of the Nordgau from 994 until 1004.

Luitpoldings

LuitpoldingLuitpolding dynastyLiutpolding
The Nordgau was again separated from Bavaria following the death of the Luitpolding duke Arnulf in 937.
Luitpold was able to enlarge his Bavarian possessions around Regensburg and in the adjacent March of the Nordgau, he became a military leader during the Hungarian invasions and was killed in the 907 Battle of Pressburg.

Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria

Arnulf of BavariaArnulf the BadArnulf
The Nordgau was again separated from Bavaria following the death of the Luitpolding duke Arnulf in 937.
He ruled over extended estates along the Danube with Regensburg (Ratisbon), and in the adjacent Nordgau.

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IIEmperor Henry IIHenry II of Germany
He backed the election of Duke Henry IV of Bavaria as King of the Romans in 1002, however, the new king (Henry II) responded with ingratitude.
In 1003, Margrave of Nordgau Henry of Schweinfurt in Bavaria revolted against Henry II's rule.

Bretislav I

Bretislaus IBretislaus I of BohemiaBretislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
In the mid-11th century, the Salian emperor Henry III had an Imperial castle erected at Cham to encounter the forces of Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia.
As an illegitimate son could not obtain a desirable wife by conventional means, he chose to kidnap his future wife Judith of Schweinfurt (Jitka), a daughter of the Bavarian noble Henry of Schweinfurt, Margrave of Nordgau, in 1019 at Schweinfurt.

German–Polish War (1002–18)

German–Polish WarGerman-Polish WarGerman-Polish struggle
Count Henry soon after joined a revolt (the Schweinfurt feud of 1003) in association with the German–Polish War (1002–18) against the Polish ruler Bolesław I the Brave, after which he was deposed and arrested.
Moreover, an attempt was made on Boleslaw's life, which he escaped only with the help of Duke Bernard of Saxony, the Nordgau margrave Henry of Schweinfurt and several friendly German nobles.

Adelaide of Vohburg

Adelheid of VohburgAdelaideAdelheid
His daughter Adelaide married the Swabian duke and later emperor Frederick Barbarossa in 1147.
Since the days of Emperor Henry IV, her father's ancestors ruled over the Egerland territory in the Bavarian March of the Nordgau, which, however, was seized by King Conrad III of Germany upon the margrave's death in 1146.

Otto III, Duke of Swabia

Otto IIIOtto of SchweinfurtOtto III of Swabia
Otto III (died 28 September 1057), called the White and known as Otto of Schweinfurt, was the margrave of the Nordgau (1024–1031) and duke of Swabia (1048–1057).

Engeldeo

Engildeo
In 889 King Arnulf granted land at "Phuncina" (from Latin Pons Aeni, modern Innsbruck) in the pagus of the Nordgau in Engeldeo's county to a certain Gotahelm, Engeldeo's vassal.

Electoral Palatinate

Electorate of the PalatinatePalatinateCounty Palatine of Lotharingia
By the 1329 Treaty of Pavia, he ceded the remaining Nordgau region to his Palatinate nephews Rudolf II and Rupert I, whereafter it became known as the "Upper Palatinate" (Oberpfalz).
During a later division of territory among the heirs of Duke Louis II, Duke of Upper Bavaria, in 1294, the elder branch of the Wittelsbachs came into possession of both the Rhenish Palatinate and the territories in the Bavarian Nordgau (Bavaria north of the Danube river) with the centre around the town of Amberg.

Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria

LuitpoldLuitpold of BavariaLiutpold
Luitpold succeeded the deposed Margrave Engelschalk II of the Wilhelminer family; unlike his predecessors he could extend his power unimpeded by the mighty Margrave Aribo, acquiring numerous counties in Carinthia as well as on the Danube and in the Nordgau around Regensburg from 895 on, and setting himself up as the most prominent of Bavaria's aristocracy.

Poppo, Duke of Thuringia

PoppoPoppo of ThuringiaPoppo II
He was restored to his lands in 899 and made Count of the Bavarian Nordgau in 903.

Gau (territory)

GauGauegaus
The Margraviate of the Nordgau (Markgrafschaft Nordgau) or Bavarian Nordgau (Bayerischer Nordgau) was a medieval administrative unit (Gau) on the frontier of the German Duchy of Bavaria.

Kingdom of Germany

GermanyGermanGerman kingdom
The Margraviate of the Nordgau (Markgrafschaft Nordgau) or Bavarian Nordgau (Bayerischer Nordgau) was a medieval administrative unit (Gau) on the frontier of the German Duchy of Bavaria.

Danube

Danube RiverRiver DanubeDanubian
It comprised the region north of the Danube and Regensburg (Ratisbon), roughly covered by the modern Upper Palatinate stretching up to the river Main and, especially after 1061, into the Egerland on the border with Bohemia.

Regensburg

RatisbonRegensburg, GermanyCastra Regina
It comprised the region north of the Danube and Regensburg (Ratisbon), roughly covered by the modern Upper Palatinate stretching up to the river Main and, especially after 1061, into the Egerland on the border with Bohemia.

Main (river)

MainMain RiverRiver Main
It comprised the region north of the Danube and Regensburg (Ratisbon), roughly covered by the modern Upper Palatinate stretching up to the river Main and, especially after 1061, into the Egerland on the border with Bohemia.

Duchy of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianHistory of the Czech lands in the Middle Ages
It comprised the region north of the Danube and Regensburg (Ratisbon), roughly covered by the modern Upper Palatinate stretching up to the river Main and, especially after 1061, into the Egerland on the border with Bohemia.

Bohemian Forest

ŠumavaŠumava MountainsBöhmerwald
The area east of Franconia proper up to the Bohemian Forest had been settled by Germanic Varisci and Armalausi tribes in ancient times; after the Migration Period the forces of the proto-Merovingian king Chlodio (died c.

Varisci

NaristiNarisciVaristae or Naristi
The area east of Franconia proper up to the Bohemian Forest had been settled by Germanic Varisci and Armalausi tribes in ancient times; after the Migration Period the forces of the proto-Merovingian king Chlodio (died c.

Armalausi

The area east of Franconia proper up to the Bohemian Forest had been settled by Germanic Varisci and Armalausi tribes in ancient times; after the Migration Period the forces of the proto-Merovingian king Chlodio (died c.