Marian Anderson

Marian Anderson in 1940, by Carl Van Vechten
Anderson in 1920
Anderson in her 1939 concert at the Lincoln Memorial
Anderson at the Lincoln Memorial
Mitchell Jamieson's 1943 mural An Incident in Contemporary American Life, at the United States Department of the Interior Building, depicts the scene of Anderson's concert at the Lincoln Memorial
Marian Anderson greeting members of the audience at the ceremony held in the auditorium of the U.S. Department of the Interior, 1943
Anderson at the Department of the Interior in 1943, commemorating her 1939 concert
Anderson christens Liberty ship SS Booker T. Washington, 1942
Painting by Betsy Graves Reyneau
Anderson entertains a group of overseas veterans and WACs on the stage of the San Antonio Municipal Auditorium, 1945.
Marian Anderson gravestone in Eden Cemetery
Sculpture of Anderson, Converse College, South Carolina

American contralto.

- Marian Anderson

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University of the Arts (Philadelphia)

Private art university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

University of the Arts
University of the Arts
The Dorrance Hamilton Hall in 2013

After graduating from South Philadelphia High School in 1921, Black contralto Marian Anderson tried to apply to the Philadelphia Musical Academy but was turned away because she was "colored."

DAR Constitution Hall

Concert hall located at 1776 D Street NW, near the White House in Washington, D.C. It was built in 1929 by the Daughters of the American Revolution to house its annual convention when membership delegations outgrew Memorial Continental Hall.

DAR Constitution Hall in 2008

In 1939, the DAR denied African-American singer Marian Anderson the opportunity to sing at the Hall, causing First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to resign her membership in protest.

Rosenwald Fund

Established in 1917 by Julius Rosenwald and his family for "the well-being of mankind."

Hundreds of grants were disbursed to artists, writers and other cultural figures, many of whom became prominent or already were, including photographers Gordon Parks, Elizabeth Catlett, Marion Palfi, poets Claude McKay, Dr. Charles Drew, Augusta Savage, anthropologist and dancer Katherine Dunham, singer Marian Anderson, silversmith Winifred Mason, writers Ralph Ellison, W.E.B. Du Bois, James Weldon Johnson, psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark, dermatologist Theodore K. Lawless, and poets Langston Hughes, Maya Angelou and Rita Dove.

Daughters of the American Revolution

Lineage-based membership service organization for women who are directly descended from a person involved in the United States' efforts towards independence.

DAR Constitution Hall, Washington, DC
The Founders of the Daughters of the American Revolution sculpture honors the four founders of the DAR.
Julia Green Scott in 1913, DAR President General
This Daughters of the American Revolution tablet erected in 1926 in Old Allentown Cemetery in Allentown, Pennsylvania honors Allentown patriots from the American Revolution, many of whom are buried in the cemetery.
Daughters of the American Revolution monument to the Battle of Fort Washington, erected in 1910. The approach deck of the George Washington Bridge, New York City was built above it.
Caroline Scott Harrison, First DAR President General
Southern Woman Named DAR President General
Silver Arrow, the symbol of the Dillon administration in the form of a pin.

In 1939, they denied permission for Marian Anderson to perform a concert.

Wigmore Hall

Concert hall located at 36 Wigmore Street, London.

Wigmore Hall's entrance is framed by the distinctive iron and glass canopy

During its early period, the Hall attracted great musicians like Artur Schnabel, Peter Arnold, Pablo Sarasate, Percy Grainger, Myra Hess, Arthur Rubinstein, Vladimir Rosing, Alexander Siloti, Camille Saint-Saëns, Jascha Spivakovsky, Max Reger and Marian Anderson (who performed there in 1933).

Kennedy Center Honors

The Kennedy Center Honors are annual honors given to those in the performing arts for their lifetime of contributions to American culture.

Logotype symbolizing "a spectrum of many skills within the performing arts"
The 2006 honorees at the Kennedy Center on December 6, 2006, with President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush; from left, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Steven Spielberg, Dolly Parton, Zubin Mehta, Smokey Robinson, Vice President Dick Cheney and Second lady
 Lynne Cheney
2005 Kennedy Center Honorees Julie Harris, Robert Redford, Tina Turner, Suzanne Farrell and Tony Bennett with President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush, in the Blue Room at the White House, December 4, 2005.
The surviving members of Led Zeppelin were honored in 2012 and are pictured here with President Barack Obama.
President Joe Biden giving a speech to the 2021 honorees Justino Díaz, Berry Gordy, Lorne Michaels, Bette Midler, and Joni Mitchell.
Kennedy Center honorees 2009 Mel Brooks, Dave Brubeck, Grace Bumbry, Robert De Niro, and Bruce Springsteen, with President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in the Blue Room, White House, December 6, 2009.
The 2019 honorees Earth, Wind & Fire, Sally Field, Linda Ronstadt and Sesame Street with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo

1978 – Marian Anderson, Fred Astaire, George Balanchine, Richard Rodgers, and Arthur Rubinstein

James DePreist

American conductor.

DePreist being congratulated by President George W. Bush after receiving the National Medal of Arts in 2005
DePreist's star along Portland's Main Street Walk of Stars, showing floral tributes on the day of his death

He was the nephew of contralto Marian Anderson.

Lincoln Memorial

U.S. national memorial built to honor the 16th president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.

Aerial view of the Lincoln Memorial, 2010
Future site of the Memorial, c.1912
President Warren G. Harding speaking at the dedication, 1922
Chief Justice Taft, President Harding and Robert Todd Lincoln at the dedication of the Lincoln Memorial, 30 May 1922
Detail of the Memorial's friezes
President Barack Obama, First Lady Michelle Obama, and former Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton walk past President Lincoln's statue to participate in the 2013 50th anniversary ceremony of the historic March on Washington and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech
The sculptor's possible use of sign language is speculated, as the statue's left hand forms an "A" while the right hand portrays an "L"
The March on Washington in 1963 brought 250,000 people to the National Mall and is famous for Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.
The location on the steps where King delivered the speech is commemorated with this inscription.

In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution refused to allow the African-American contralto Marian Anderson to perform before an integrated audience at the organization's Constitution Hall.


Genre of Christian music that is "purely and solely the creation" of generations of Black Americans, which merged African cultural heritage with the experiences of being held in bondage in slavery, at first during the transatlantic slave trade—the largest and one of the most inhumane forced migrations in recorded human history, and for centuries afterwards, through the domestic slave trade.

Engraving of Douglass from his 1845 narrative
Portrait of James Weldon Johnson in 1932
Fisk Jubilee Singers, 1875
Photograph of Harry T. Burleigh, 1936
Robert Nathaniel Dett in the 1920s
Mamie Smith

He coached African-American soloists, such as Marian Anderson, as solo classical singers.

Camp Fire (organization)

Co-ed youth development organization.

Photograph of Luther Gulick from The World's Work, 1909
Flushing, New York, 1917
Double Game Board Camp Fire Girls and Checkers. Parker Brothers Inc.
Smokey Bear with members of the Boy Scouts of America and the Camp Fire Girls celebrating the 50th anniversary of their founding.

Marian Anderson